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Posts Tagged ‘TABLE’

Goldman: Cecil Medicine, 23rd ed. Copyright © 2007 Saunders, An Imprint of Elsevier Chapter 280 – CONNECTIVE TISSUE STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION   Richard F. Loeser   Connective tissue forms the architectural framework of the musculoskeletal system and serves as a scaffold that supports various organs and tissues. Many important structures within the body are composed primarily of connective […]

Goldman: Cecil Medicine, 23rd ed. Copyright © 2007 Saunders, An Imprint of Elsevier Chapter 279 – IMAGING STUDIES IN THE RHEUMATIC DISEASES   Lynne S. Steinbach   Imaging in the rheumatic diseases is essential to diagnosis and assessment of the progression of arthropathy. The mainstay for imaging has always been the radiograph. This continues to be the case, […]

Goldman: Cecil Medicine, 23rd ed. Copyright © 2007 Saunders, An Imprint of Elsevier Chapter 276 – MASTOCYTOSIS Cem Akin Definition Mastocytosis is a heterogeneous group of disorders characterized by pathologic accumulation of mast cells in tissues such as skin and bone marrow. According to the classification of the World Health Organization (WHO), based on clinical presentation and pathologic […]

Goldman: Cecil Medicine, 23rd ed. Copyright © 2007 Saunders, An Imprint of Elsevier Section XXII – Rheumatic Disease Chapter 277 – APPROACH TO THE PATIENT WITH RHEUMATIC DISEASE William P. Arend George V. Lawry Diseases of the musculoskeletal system are common and may be both disabling and costly. This chapter provides an approach to the evaluation of patients with rheumatic diseases by […]

Goldman: Cecil Medicine, 23rd ed. Copyright © 2007 Saunders, An Imprint of Elsevier Chapter 274 – SYSTEMIC ANAPHYLAXIS, FOOD ALLERGY, AND INSECT STING ALLERGY   Lawrence B. Schwartz   Definition   Systemic anaphylaxis, a form of immediate hypersensitivity, arises when mast cells and possibly basophils are provoked to secrete mediators with potent vasoactive and smooth muscle contractile activities […]

Goldman: Cecil Medicine, 23rd ed. Copyright © 2007 Saunders, An Imprint of Elsevier Chapter 275 – DRUG ALLERGY   Leslie C. Grammer   Definition   Adverse drug reactions (ADRs) are recognized as an important public health problem in that they may be life-threatening. An ADR is defined by the World Health Organization (WHO) as an unintended, noxious response […]

Goldman: Cecil Medicine, 23rd ed. Copyright © 2007 Saunders, An Imprint of Elsevier Chapter 272 – ALLERGIC RHINITIS AND SINUSITIS   Larry Borish   Definition   Allergic rhinitis (AR) refers to the nasal and ocular symptoms that occur as a result of the development of an inflammatory hypersensi-tivity reaction to aeroallergens deposited on the nasal mucosa and conjunctiva. […]

Goldman: Cecil Medicine, 23rd ed. Copyright © 2007 Saunders, An Imprint of Elsevier Chapter 273 – URTICARIA AND ANGIOEDEMA Stephen C. Dreskin URTICARIA Urticaria (hives) are pruritic, edematous, erythematous, blanching papules that are round or oval in shape, have pale raised centers (wheals), are of several millimeters to a few centimeters in size, and are transient, lasting […]

Goldman: Cecil Medicine, 23rd ed. Copyright © 2007 Saunders, An Imprint of Elsevier Section XXI – Diseases of Allergy and Clinical Immunology Chapter 270 – APPROACH TO THE PATIENT WITH ALLERGIC OR IMMUNOLOGIC DISEASE Stephen I. Wasserman Allergic diseases and disorders of the immune system affect multiple organ systems and may arise in a variety of manners. The reader is […]

Goldman: Cecil Medicine, 23rd ed. Copyright © 2007 Saunders, An Imprint of Elsevier Chapter 271 – PRIMARY IMMUNODEFICIENCY DISEASES   Mark Ballow   Definition   A diverse group of abnormalities of the immune system leads to increased susceptibility to infection. More than 100 primary immunodeficiency diseases have been described, and in many of these disorders, the genetic defect […]

Goldman: Cecil Medicine, 23rd ed. Copyright © 2007 Saunders, An Imprint of Elsevier Chapter 20 – CHRONIC POISONING: TRACE METALS AND OTHERS   Michael A. McGuigan   Definition   The term chronic poisoning refers to toxicity that develops during repeated or continuous exposure to a substance during many months or years. A trace metal, which by definition is […]

Goldman: Cecil Medicine, 23rd ed. Copyright © 2007 Saunders, An Imprint of Elsevier CALCITONIN Biochemistry The 32-amino acid structure of calcitonin, determined for several species, reveals a common 1,7-amino-terminal disulfide bridge and carboxy-terminal proline. Seven of the nine amino-terminal residues are identical in all calcitonin molecules. The interspecies structural differences in the rest of the […]

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