Posts Tagged ‘FIGURE’

Goldman: Cecil Medicine, 23rd ed. Copyright © 2007 Saunders, An Imprint of Elsevier Chapter 280 – CONNECTIVE TISSUE STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION   Richard F. Loeser   Connective tissue forms the architectural framework of the musculoskeletal system and serves as a scaffold that supports various organs and tissues. Many important structures within the body are composed primarily of connective […]

Goldman: Cecil Medicine, 23rd ed. Copyright © 2007 Saunders, An Imprint of Elsevier ULTRASONOGRAPHY In ultrasound imaging, sound waves are pulsed through tissues to obtain an image that can localize and characterize pathology. Through the years, resolution has increased markedly. Portable scanners are also being used, especially by nonradiologists. These units are less expensive. They […]

Goldman: Cecil Medicine, 23rd ed. Copyright © 2007 Saunders, An Imprint of Elsevier Chapter 279 – IMAGING STUDIES IN THE RHEUMATIC DISEASES   Lynne S. Steinbach   Imaging in the rheumatic diseases is essential to diagnosis and assessment of the progression of arthropathy. The mainstay for imaging has always been the radiograph. This continues to be the case, […]

Goldman: Cecil Medicine, 23rd ed. Copyright © 2007 Saunders, An Imprint of Elsevier LABORATORY EVALUATION OF MUSCULOSKELETAL DISEASE The most common presentation of musculoskeletal disease is pain in and around a joint in association with functional impairment. Collectively, diseases causing joint symptoms are called arthritis, implying inflammation. The extent of inflammation in these diseases varies […]

Goldman: Cecil Medicine, 23rd ed. Copyright © 2007 Saunders, An Imprint of Elsevier MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING The demands of imaging are increased in this age of effective therapy to halt the progression of arthropathy. Over the last two decades, MRI has become the imaging modality of choice for evaluation of joint soft tissue, marrow structures, […]

Goldman: Cecil Medicine, 23rd ed. Copyright © 2007 Saunders, An Imprint of Elsevier Section XXII – Rheumatic Disease Chapter 277 – APPROACH TO THE PATIENT WITH RHEUMATIC DISEASE William P. Arend   George V. Lawry Diseases of the musculoskeletal system are common and may be both disabling and costly. This chapter provides an approach to the evaluation of patients with rheumatic diseases by […]

Goldman: Cecil Medicine, 23rd ed. Copyright © 2007 Saunders, An Imprint of Elsevier Chapter 276 – MASTOCYTOSIS Cem Akin Definition Mastocytosis is a heterogeneous group of disorders characterized by pathologic accumulation of mast cells in tissues such as skin and bone marrow. According to the classification of the World Health Organization (WHO), based on clinical presentation and pathologic […]

Goldman: Cecil Medicine, 23rd ed. Copyright © 2007 Saunders, An Imprint of Elsevier Chapter 272 – ALLERGIC RHINITIS AND SINUSITIS   Larry Borish   Definition   Allergic rhinitis (AR) refers to the nasal and ocular symptoms that occur as a result of the development of an inflammatory hypersensi-tivity reaction to aeroallergens deposited on the nasal mucosa and conjunctiva. […]

Goldman: Cecil Medicine, 23rd ed. Copyright © 2007 Saunders, An Imprint of Elsevier Chapter 273 – URTICARIA AND ANGIOEDEMA Stephen C. Dreskin    URTICARIA Urticaria (hives) are pruritic, edematous, erythematous, blanching papules that are round or oval in shape, have pale raised centers (wheals), are of several millimeters to a few centimeters in size, and are transient, lasting […]

Goldman: Cecil Medicine, 23rd ed. Copyright © 2007 Saunders, An Imprint of Elsevier CALCITONIN Biochemistry The 32-amino acid structure of calcitonin, determined for several species, reveals a common 1,7-amino-terminal disulfide bridge and carboxy-terminal proline. Seven of the nine amino-terminal residues are identical in all calcitonin molecules. The interspecies structural differences in the rest of the […]

Goldman: Cecil Medicine, 23rd ed. Copyright © 2007 Saunders, An Imprint of Elsevier Chapter 269 – OSTEONECROSIS, OSTEOSCLEROSIS/HYPEROSTOSIS, AND OTHER DISORDERS OF BONE Michael P. Whyte    OSTEONECROSIS Definition Osteonecrosis (aseptic, avascular, or ischemic necrosis of bone) refers to skeletal infarction. Bone infarcts may be asymptomatic, cause self-limited discomfort, or engender painful collapse of subarticular bone that leads […]

Goldman: Cecil Medicine, 23rd ed. Copyright © 2007 Saunders, An Imprint of Elsevier Chapter 268 – PAGET’S DISEASE OF BONE G. David Roodman Definition Paget’s disease is a focal disorder of the skeleton that is the second most common bone disease, exceeded only by osteoporosis. It affects approximately 1 to 2% of adults older than 55 years in […]

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