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Posts Tagged ‘Churchill Livingstone’

REFERENCES Bogduk, 1997. Bogduk N: Clinical Anatomy of the Lumbar Spine and Sacrum,  3rd edn.. Edinburgh, Churchill Livingstone, 1997. Brothwell and Pollard, 2001.  In: Brothwell DR, Pollard AM, ed. Handbook of Archaeological Sciences,  Chichester: Wiley; 2001. Cormack and Lamberty, 1994.  Cormack GC, Lamberty BGH 1994; see Bibliography. Crock, 1980. Crock HV: An atlas of the arterial supply of the head and neck of the femur in man.  Clin Orthop  1980; 152:17-25. Crock, 1996. […]

REFERENCES Alexander, 1992. Alexander R McN: The Human Machine,  London, Natural History Museum Publications, 1992. Barclay-Smith, 1896. Barclay-Smith E: The astragalo-calcaneo-navicular joint.  J Anat Physiol  1896; 30:390-412. This paper gave the first description of the astragalo-calcaneo-navicular joint and explained the importance of the joint complex in terms of hindfoot motion. Coleman and Chesnut, 1977. Coleman S, Chesnut W: A simple test for hindfoot flexibility in the cavovarus foot.  Clin […]

REFERENCES Amis and Dawkins, 1991. Amis AA, Dawkins GP: Functional anatomy of the anterior cruciate ligament. Fibre bundle actions related to ligament replacements and injuries.  J Bone Joint Surg  1991; 73B:260-267. Cormack and Lamberty, 1994. Cormack GC, Lamberty BGH: The Arterial Anatomy of Skin Flaps,  Edinburgh, Churchill Livingstone, 1994. Crock, 1967. Crock HV: The blood supply of the lower limb bones in man,  London, Livingstone, 1967. Freeman and Wyke, 1967. Freeman MAR, Wyke B: The innervation […]

REFERENCES Cormack and Lamberty, 1994.  Cormack GC, Lamberty BGH 1994, see Bibliography. Crock, 1996. Crock HV: Atlas of Vascular Anatomy of the Skeleton and Spinal Cord,  London, Martin Dunitz, 1996. Dodd and Cockett, 1976. Dodd H, Cockett FB: The Pathology and Surgery of the Veins of the Lower Limb,  2nd edn.. Edinburgh, Churchill Livingstone, 1976. Kosinski, 1926. Kosinski C: Observations on the superficial venous system of the lower […]

REFERENCES Cormack and Lamberty, 1994. Cormack GC, Lamberty BGH: The Arterial Anatomy of Skin Flaps,  Edinburgh, Churchill Livingstone, 1994. Leiber et al., 1992. Leiber RL, Jacobson MD, Fazeli BM, Abrams RA, Botte MJ: Architecture of selected muscles of the arm and forearm: anatomy and implications for tendon transfer.  J Hand Surg  1992; 17A:787-798. Leibovic and Hastings, 1992. Leibovic SJ, Hastings II H: Martin-Gruber revisited.  J Hand Surg  1992; 17A:47-53. Examines the literature on reported connections between the median and ulnar nerves in […]

REFERENCES Cormack and Lamberty, 1994. Cormack GC, Lamberty BGH: The Arterial Anatomy of Skin Flaps,  Edinburgh, Churchill Livingstone, 1994. Salmon, 1994. Salmon M: Anatomic studies.   In: Taylor GI, Razaboni RM, ed. Book 1: Arteries of the Muscles of the Extremities and the Trunk. Book 2: Arterial Anastomotic Pathways of the Extremities,  New York: Quality Medical Publishing; 1994.

REFERENCES Berkovitz et al., 2002. Berkovitz BKB, Kirsch C, Moxham BJ, Alusi G, Cheeseman T: Interactive Head and Neck,  London, Primal Pictures, 2002. Bogduk et al., 1988. Bogduk N, Windsor M, Inglis A: The innervation of the cervical intervertebral discs.  Spine  1988; 13:2-8. Brown, 2002. Brown H: Anatomy of the spinal accessory nerve plexus: relevance to head and neck cancer and atherosclerosis.  Exp Biol Med  2002; 227:570-578. Cady and Rossi, 1991.  In: Cady B, Rossi RL, ed. Surgery of the Thyroid and Parathyroid Glands,  Philadelphia: Saunders; 1991. Crile, 1906. […]

REFERENCES Bauer et al., 2005. Bauer DF, Youkilis A, Schenck C, Turner CR, Thompson BG: The falcine trigeminocardiac reflex: case report and review of the literature.  Surg Neurol  2005; 63:143-148. Browder and Kaplan, 1976. Browder J, Kaplan HA: Cerebral Dural Sinuses and their Tributaries,  Springfield, Illinois, Thomas, 1976. Describes variations in the form of the superior sagittal and other venous sinuses. Harris and Rhoton, 1976. Harris FS, Rhoton AL: Anatomy of the cavernous sinus. A microsurgical study.  J Neurosurg  1976; 45:169-180. […]

REFERENCES Adams et al., 2002. Adams MA, Bogduk N, Burton K, Dolan P: The Biomechanics of Back Pain,  Edinburgh, Churchill Livingstone, 2002. Alexander, 1988. Alexander RM: Elastic mechanisms in animal movement,  Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1988. Batchelor and Winder, 2006. Batchelor CL, Winder SJ: Sparks, signals and shock absorbers: how dystrophin loss causes muscular dystrophy.  Trends Cell Biol  2006; 16:198-205. Benjamin and Maganaris, 2006.  Benjamin M, Maganaris C (eds) 2006 Symposium on ‘The Anatomy of Exercise’. […]

Goldman: Cecil Medicine, 23rd ed. Copyright © 2007 Saunders, An Imprint of Elsevier ESOPHAGEAL MOTOR DISORDERS Esophageal motor disease is characterized by dysphagia for liquids and solids or chest pain (or both). Although the chest pain may mimic cardiac disease ( Chapter 48 ) and be the dominant complaint, careful questioning should also detect dysphagia. […]

Goldman: Cecil Medicine, 23rd ed. Copyright © 2007 Saunders, An Imprint of Elsevier STRUCTURAL ABNORMALITIES    Pharyngoesophageal Diverticula Esophageal diverticula include Zenker’s diverticula, midesophageal and epiphrenic diverticula, and intramural pseudodiverticulosis. Zenker’s diverticulum is an outpouching of pharyngeal mucosa in an area of muscular weakness (Killian’s triangle) just proximal to the cricopharyngeus muscle (UES). It is […]

Goldman: Cecil Medicine, 23rd ed. Copyright © 2007 Saunders, An Imprint of Elsevier Chapter 33 – IMMUNOSUPPRESSING DRUGS INCLUDING CORTICOSTEROIDS Grant W. Cannon IMMUNOSUPPRESSIVE DRUGS The immune response is an essential host defense mechanism to control and to fight infection. The ability to suppress immune reactions is a critical component in autoimmune disease treatment and transplantation management. During […]

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