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Barson and Sands, 1977. Barson AJ, Sands J: Regional and segmental characteristics of the human adult spinal cord.  J Anat  1977; 123:797-803.

Bogduk, 2005. Bogduk N: Clinical Anatomy of the L Spine and Sacrum,  4th edn.. Edinburgh, Elsevier Churchill Livingstone, 2005.

Broadbent et al., 2000. Broadbent CR, Maxwell WE, Ferrie R, Wilson DJ, Gawne-Cain M, Russell R: Ability of anaesthetists to identify a marked lumbar interspace.  Anaesthesia  2000; 55:1122-1126.

Carmichael and Gloviczki, 1999. Carmichael SW, Gloviczki P: Anatomy of the blood supply to the spinal cord: the artery of Adamkiewicz revisited.  Perspect Vasc Surg  1999; 12:113-122.

Crock, 1996. Crock HV: An Atlas of Vascular Anatomy of the Skeleton and Spinal Cord,  London, Martin Dunitz, 1996.

Dean and Mitchell, 2002. Dean NA, Mitchell BS: Anatomic relation between the nuchal ligament (ligamentum nuchae) and the spinal dura mater in the craniocervical region.  Clin Anat  2002; 15:182-185.

Dommisse, 1975. Dommisse GF: The Arteries and Veins of the Human Spinal Cord From Birth,  Edinburgh, Churchill Livingstone, 1975.

Fraher, 2000. Fraher JP: The transitional zone and CNS regeneration.  J Anat  2000; 196:137-158.

Gillilan, 1970. Gillilan LA: Veins of the spinal cord. Anatomic details; suggested clinical applications.  Neurology  1970; 20:860-868.

Haines et al., 1993. Haines DE, Harkey HL, Al-Mefty O: The ‘subdural’ space: a new look at an outdated concept.  Neurosurgery  1993; 32:111-120.

Proposes the view that the subdural ‘space’ is a pathological cleavage plane rather than a normal anatomical element.

Kiddo et al., 1976. Kiddo DK, Gomez DG, Pavese AM, Potts DG: Human spinal arachnoid granulations.  Neuroradiol  1976; 11:221-228.

Kubik and Müntener, 1969. Kubik S, Müntener M: Zur Topographie der spinalen Nervenwurzeln. II Der Einfuss des Wachstums des Duralsackes, sowie der Krümmagen und der Bewegungen der spinalen Nervenwurzeln.  Acta Anat  1969; 74:149-168.

An alternative view of the obliquity of the cervicothoracic spinal nerve roots based on observations of differential cord growth.

Neidre and Macnab, 1983. Neidre A, Macnab I: Anomalies of the lumbosacral nerve roots.  Spine  1983; 8:294-299.

Newell, 1999. Newell RLM: The spinal epidural space.  Clin Anat  1999; 12:375-379.

Turnbull et al., 1966. Turnbull IM, Brieg A, Hassler O: Blood supply of cervical spinal cord in man. A microangiographic cadaver study.  J Neurosurg  1966; 24:951-965.

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