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Preface.htm

Preface Each patient that you examine in your clinic with medical problems is composed of gross anatomic structures, which may or may not exhibit functional deficits. All students must therefore enter medicine with a basic knowledge of anatomy that is clinically relevant. The explosion in the knowledge of medical disease and the technological advances associated with the diagnosis and treatment of diseases have dictated a complete restructuring of the curriculum for medical students, dental students, allied health students, and nursing students. In the United States, students in many schools are now being offered programs in gross anatomy in which only part of the body is dissected, and this is supplemented by the use of prosected specimens, plastinated specimens, and computer imagery. To assist in the necessary curriculum changes, in the eighth edition, great efforts have been made to weed out unnecessary material and streamline the text. The following changes have been introduced:

  • All the line illustrations have been recolored and the label print upgraded.
  • All the surface anatomy illustrations are in color.
  • The anatomy of common medical procedures has been further expanded and again includes sections on complications caused by an ignorance of normal anatomy.
  • The computed tomography (CT) scans, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) studies, and sonograms have been upgraded as the technology has advanced.
  • Tables have been used wherever possible to reduce the size of the text. This includes reference tables at the end of the text that give important dimensions and capacities of various anatomic structures.
  • The clinical problems section at the end of each chapter has been reviewed and, when necessary, brought up to date.

Each chapter of Clinical Anatomy is constructed in a similar manner. This gives students ready access to material and facilitates moving from one part of the book to another. Each chapter is divided into the following categories:

  • Clinical Example: A short case report that dramatizes the relevance of anatomy in medicine introduces each chapter.
  • Clinical Objectives: This section focuses the student on the material that is most important to learn and understand in each chapter. It emphasizes the basic structures in the area being studied so that, once mastered, the student is easily able to build up his or her knowledge base. This section also points out structures on which examiners have repeatedly asked questions.
  • Basic Clinical Anatomy: This section provides basic information on gross anatomic structures that are of clinical importance. Numerous examples of normal radiographs, CT scans, MRI studies, and sonograms are also provided. Labeled photographs of cross-sectional anatomy of the head, neck, and trunk are included to stimulate students to think in terms of three-dimensional anatomy, which is so important in the interpretation of imaging studies.
  • Surface Anatomy: This section provides surface landmarks of important anatomic structures, many of which are located some distance beneath the skin. This section is important because most practicing medical personnel seldom explore tissues to any depth beneath the skin. Photographs of living subjects have been used extensively.
  • Clinical Problem Solving: Examples of clinical cases are given at the end of each chapter. Each is followed by multiple-choice questions. Answers to the problems are given at the end of the section.
  • Review Questions: The purpose of the questions is threefold: to focus attention on areas of importance, to enable students to assess their areas of weakness, and to provide a form of self-evaluation for questions asked under examination conditions. Some of the questions are centered around a clinical problem that requires an anatomic answer. Solutions to the problems are provided at the end of the section.

To assist in the quick understanding of anatomic facts, the book is heavily illustrated. Most figures have been kept simple, and color has been used extensively. Illustrations summarizing the nerve and blood supply of regions have been retained, as have overviews of the distribution of cranial nerves. R. S. S.

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