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Ovid: Oxford Handbook of General Practice

Editors: Simon, Chantal; Everitt, Hazel; Kendrick, Tony Title: Oxford Handbook of General Practice, 2nd Edition Copyright ©2005 Oxford University Press > Front of Book > Abbreviations and symbols Abbreviations and symbols Evidence-based superscripts N NICE guideline CE Clinical evidence G Guideline from a major guideline-producing body S Systematic review or mata-analysis published in a major peer-reviewed journal C Cochrane review R Randomized controlled trial published in a major peer-reviewed journal ND Notifiable disease Referal times E Emergency admission U Urgent referral S Soon referral R Routine referral Handbook symbols Note   Warning   ♀ Female ♂ Male Controversy   1° Primary 2° Secondary ↑ Increased/increasing ↓ Decreased/decreasing → Leading to/resulting in ~ Approximately ≈ Approximately equal ± With or without Standard abbreviations µg/mcg Micrograms AA Attendance allowance AAA Abdominal aortic aneurysm ACE Angiotensin converting enzyme ACTH Adrenocorticotrophic hormone ADH Antidiuretic hormone AF Atrial fibrillation AFP/αFP Alpha fetoprotein AIDS Acquired immune deficiency syndrome Alk phos Alkaline phosphatase ALT Alanine aminotransferase ANF Antinuclear factor APH Antepartum haemorrhage ASD Atrial septal defect ASO Antistreptolysin O AST Aspartate aminotransferase AV Arterio-venous AXR Abdominal X-ray bd Twice daily BMA British Medical Association BMJ British Medical Journal BNF British National Formulary BP Blood pressure bpm Beats per minute Ca2+ Calcium CABG Coronary artery bypass graft CCF Congestive cardiac failure CHD Coronary heart disease CNS Central nevous system COC Combined oral contraceptive COPPD Chronic obstructive airways disease Cr Creatinine CRP C-reactive protein CT Computerized tomography CVA Cerebrovascular accident CVD Cardiovascular disease CVS Cardiovascular system CXR Chest X-ray d. Days DIP Distal interphalangeal DLA Disability living allowance DM Diabetes mellitus DN District nurse DoH Department of Health DRE Digital rectal examination DTB Drugs and Therapeutics Bulletin DVLA Driver and Vehicle Licensing Authority DVT Deep vein thrombosis EBV Epstein-Barr virus ECG Electrocardiogram Echo Echocardiogram EEG Electroencephalogram ENT Ear, nose, and throat ESR Erythrocyte sedimentation rate ESRF End-stage renal failure FBC Full blood count FH Family history FSH Follicle stimulating hormone g Grams GA General anaesthetic GGT/γGT Gamma glutamyl transferase GI Gastrointestinal GMC General Medical Council GP General practitioner GPC General Practitioner Committee GTT Glucose tolerance test GU Genito-urinary GUM Genito-urinary medicine h. Hours Hb Haemoglobin HBsAg Hepatitis B surface antigen HDL High density lipoprotein HIV Human immunodeficiency virus HRT Hormone replacement therapy HSV Herpes simplex virus HV Health visitor HVS High vaginal swab ICP Intracranial pressure Ig Immunoglobulins IHD Ischaemic heart disease im/IM Intramuscular INR International normalized ratio IUCD Intrauterine contraceptive device iv/IV Intravenous IVP Intravenous pyelogram JVP Jugular venous pressure K+ Potassium Kg Kilograms KUB X-ray of kidneys, ureters, and bladde l Litres LA Local anaesthetic LBBB Left bundle branch block LFT Liver function tests LH Luteinizing hormone LIF Left iliac fossa LMP Last menstrual period LRTI Lower respiratory tract infection LUQ Left upper quasdrant LVF Left ventricular failure LVH Left ventricular hypertrophy M, C&S Microscopy, culture, and sensitivity m. Metres mane In the morning MAOI Monoamine oxidase inhibitor MCP Metacarpophalangeal MCV Mean cell volume mg Milligrams MI Myocardial infarct min. Minutes mL Millilitres mmHg Millimeteres of mercury MMR Measles, mumps, and rubella MND Motor neurone disease mo. Months MRI Magnetic resonance imaging MS Multiple sclerosis MSU Midstream urine Na+ Sodium NHS National Health Service NICE National Institute of Clinical Excellence nocte At night NSAID Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug OA Osteoarthritis od Once daily PAN Polyarteritis nodosa PCO Primary care organization PCT Primary care trust PD Parkinson’s disease PE Pulmonary embolus PEFR Peak expiratory flow rate PET Pre-eclamptic toxaemia PHCT Primary healthcare team PMH Past medical history PN Practice nurse po Oral POP Progesterone only pill PPH Postpartum haemorrhage PR Per rectum prn As needed qds Four times daily RA Rheumatoid arthritis RBBB Right bundle branh block RCGP Royal College of GeneralPractitioners RhD Rhesus factor RIF Right iliac fossa RTA Road traffic accident RUQ Right upper quadrant sc/s/cut Subcutaneous sec Seconds SLE Systemic lupus erythematosis SOL Space occupying lesion SSRI Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor stat Immediately STD Sexually transmitted disease TB Tuberculosis TCA Tricyclic antidepressant tds Three times daily TFT Thyroid function tests TIA Transient ischaemic attack u Units U&E Urea and electrolytes URTI Upper respiratory tract infection US(S) Ultrasound scan UTI Urinary tract infection VF Ventricular fibrillation VSD Ventriculoseptal defect VT Ventricular tachycardia WCC White cell count wk. Weeks y. Years All other abbreviations are defined in the text on the page in which they appear.

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