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Ovid: Oxford Handbook of Accident and Emergency Medicine

Editors: Wyatt, Jonathan P.; Illingworth, Robin N.; Clancy, Michael J.; Munro, Philip T.; Robertson, Colin E. Title: Oxford Handbook of Accident and Emergency Medicine, 2nd Edition Copyright ©2005 Oxford University Press > Back of Book > Abbreviations and symbols Abbreviations and symbols ≈ approximately +ve positive -ve negative ± plus or minus ↑ increased ↓ decreased ABC airway, breathing, circulation ABG arterial blood gas AC acromio-clavicular AF atrial fibrillation AIDS acquired immune deficiency syndrome AIS abbreviated injury scale ALS advanced life support ALT alanine aminotransferase AP antero-posterior APLS Advanced Paediatric Life Support APTT activated partial thromboplastin time ARDS adult respiratory distress syndrome AST aspartate transaminase ATLS advanced trauma life support AV atrio-ventricular bd twice daily BKPOP below knee Plaster of Paris BKWPOP below knee walking Plaster of Paris BLS basic life support BMG bedside strip measurement of venous/capillary blood glucose BNF British National Formulary BP blood pressure BTS British Thoracic Society CK creatine kinase cm centimetre(s) CMV cytomegalovirus CNS central nervous system CO carbon monoxide CO2 carbon dioxide COHb carboxyhaemoglobin COPD chronic obstructive pulmonary disease CPAP continuous positive airways pressure CPR cardiopulmonary resuscitation CRF chronic renal failure CRP C-reactive protein CSF cerebrospinal fluid CT computed tomography CVP central venous pressure CXR chest X-ray DIC disseminated intravascular coagulation DIPJ distal interphalangeal joint DKA diabetic ketoacidosis dL decilitre DPL diagnostic peritoneal lavage DSH deliberate self harm DVT deep venous thrombosis ECG electrocardiogram EEG electroencephalogram EMD electromechanical dissociation ESR erythrocyte sedimentation rate ET endotracheal FB foreign body FFP fresh frozen plasma FG French Gauge FiO2 inspired oxygen concentration FOB faecal occult blood g gram(s) G gauge GA general anaesthetic GCS Glasgow Coma Score GFR glomerular filtration rate GI gastrointestinal G6-PD glucose 6-phosphate dehydrogenase GP general practitioner GTN glyceryl trinitrate GU genitourinary h/hrs hour(s) HATI human anti-tetanus immunoglobulin Hb haemoglobin Hct haematocrit HDU high dependency unit HIV human immunodeficiency virus HONK hyperosmolar non-ketotic hyperglycaemia 5HT 5-hydroxytryptamine ICP intracranial pressure IDDM insulin dependent diabetes mellitus IHD ischaemic heart disease IM intramuscular INR international normalized ratio (of prothrombin time) IPPV intermittent positive pressure ventilation ISS injury severity score ITP idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura ITU intensive therapy unit IUCD intrauterine contraceptive device IV intravenous IVI intravenous infusion IVRA intravenous regional anaesthesia IVU intravenous urography JVP jugular venous pressure KE kinetic energy kPa kiloPascal(s) pressure KUB X-ray covering the area of kidneys, ureters and bladder L litre(s) LA local anaesthetic lab laboratory LAD left axis deviation LBBB left bundle branch block LFTs liver function tests LMP last menstrual period LMWH low molecular weight heparin LP lumbar puncture LSD lysergic acid diethylamide LVF left ventricular failure LVH left venticular hypertrophy m metre(s) MAOI monoamine oxidase inhibitor MAST military anti-shock trousers max maximum MC metacarpal MCPJ metacarpophalangeal joint MI myocardial infarction min(s) minute(s) mL millilitre(s) mmHg millimetres of mercury pressure mmol millimoles MRI magnetic resonance imaging MSU mid-stream specimen of urine MT metatarsal MTPJ metatarsophalangeal joint MUA manipulation under anaesthetic NAC N-acetyl cysteine NAI non-accidental injury ND notifiable disease NG nasogastric NHS National Health Service NSAID non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug NWBPOP non-weight-bearing Plaster of Paris O2 oxygen OA osteoarthritis OCP oral contraceptive pill od once daily OPG orthopantomogram ORIF open reduction and internal fixation ORT oral replacement therapy pCO2 arterial partial pressure of carbon dioxide PAN polyarteritis nodosa PE pulmonary embolus PEA pulseless electrical activity PEEP positive end-expiratory pressure PGL persistent generalized lymphadenopathy PID pelvic inflammatory disease PIPJ proximal interphalangeal joint PO per os (orally/by mouth) pO2 arterial partial pressure of oxygen POP plaster of Paris PR per rectum PRF patient report form PV per vaginam RA rheumatoid arthritis RAD right axis deviation RBBB right bundle branch block RBC red blood cells Rh Rhesus ROSC restoration of spontaneous circulation RSI rapid sequence induction/intubation RSV respiratory syncytial virus RTS revised trauma score SA sino-atrial SARS severe acute respiratory syndrome SaO2 arterial oxygen saturation SC subcutaneous SCIWORA spinal cord injury without radiographic abnormality SE side effect(s) s second(s) SIDS sudden infant death syndrome SIGN Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network SL sublingual SLE systemic lupus erythematosus SSRI selective serotonin re-uptake inhibitor STD sexually transmitted disease T° temperature T3 tri-iodothyronine T4 thyroxine TB tuberculosis tds three times a day TFTs thyroid function tests TIA transient ischaemic attack TSH thyroid stimulating hormone u/U unit(s) U&E urea and electrolytes URTI upper respiratory tract infection USS ultrasound scan UTI urinary tract infection V volts VA visual acuity VF ventricular fibrillation V/Q ventilation/perfusion (scan) VT ventricular tachycardia WB weight-bear(ing) WBC white blood cells WCC white cell count WHO World Health Organisation wk(s) week(s) X-match cross match blood yr(s) year(s)

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