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Ovid: Clinically Oriented Anatomy

S Sac(s) alveolar, 115 116 conjunctival, 909 dural anatomy of, 461 497 498 spinal, 502 endolymphatic, 970 974 975 1071 lacrimal, 889 893 pericardial, 131 134 166 186 307 peritoneal, 18 pleural, 18 Saccule of ear, 974 laryngeal, 1023 1025 1026 Sacralization, 462 Sacrum anatomy of, 20 329 437 510 512 627 apex of, 451 auricular surface of, 451 base of, 451 curvature of, 470 dorsal surface of, 451 452 ossification of, 454 pelvic surface of, 451 452 surface anatomy of, 452 453 453 surfaces of, 451 Saliva, 945 Salpingitis, 391 Sarcomas, 45 Saturday night syndrome, 54 Scala tympani, 976 Scala vestibuli, 976 976 Scalp arteries of, 856 description of, 843 infections of, 860 861 injuries to, 860 lacerations of, 864 layers of, 843 843 844 lymphatic system of, 858 859 muscles of, 844 nerves of, 853 veins of, 856 857 858 wounds to, 860 Scalp proper, 860 Scapha, 967 Scaphocephaly, 842 Scaphoid anatomy of, 679 680 683 757 807 808 fracture of, 686 817 Scapula acromion of, 680 681 anatomy of, 20 27 73 226 672 arterial anastomoses around, 726 727 border of, 675 681 708 708 coronoid process of, 66 description of, 675 676 677 fracture of, 684 movements of, 702 right, 676 spine of, 73 674 708 surfaces of, 675 winged, 709 709 P.1126
Scars, 15 Sciatica, 475 Sclera, 890 895 908 Scoliosis, 481 481 Scrotum anatomy of, 208 209 418 420 anesthetizing of, 214 215 arteries of, 418 cancer of, 215 distension of, 426 hematocele of, 214 lymphatic system of, 207 418 419 primordial, 205 veins of, 418 419 Secondary ossification center, 22 22 Second-degree burn, 15 16 Segmental atelectasis, 124 Segmentectomy, 124 Segments, bronchopulmonary, 115 115 Sella turcica, 832 835 883 Sellae dorsum, 829 832 869 883 tuberculum, 832 834 835 Sensory system, somatic, 57 Septal defects atrial, 152 ventricular, 152 Septicemia, 29 46 Septum atrioventricular, membranous part of, 137 femoral, 554 fibrous, 610 lateral, 773 medial, 773 interalveolar, 934 interatrial, 139 140 143 149 intermuscular anterior, 532 lateral, 532 565 586 635 688 690 medial, 688 690 737 posterior, 532 588 transverse, 532 533 588 596 601 interradicular, 934 interventricular description of, 141 149 membranous part of, 137 141 141 143 149 muscular part of, 141 143 149 lingual, 941 nasal, 825 825 841 955 956 958 961 orbital, 890 891 892 penis, 419 420 rectovesical, 346 365 371 376 377 scrotal, 208 418 436 Septum pellucidum, 879 880 Serous membrane, 18 Shaft of bone, 20 of femur, 512 517 518 520 of fibula, 522 of humerus anatomy of, 676 682 fracture of, 685 742 of metatarsals, 525 of phalanges, 525 of radius, 674 678 690 of tibia, 520 604 of ulna, 678 Sheath of arachnoid, 974 axillary, 715 988 carotid, 986 988 989 1000 1001 1003 1007 1015 dural, 890 of eyeball, 895 of eyeball, 890 891 fascial, of eyeball, 899 femoral, 552 553 554 fibrous digital, 773 flexor, common, 750 780 hypogastric, 345 347 neurovascular, 17 parotid, 915 psoas, 310 rectus anterior wall, 188 189 190 191 192 192 193 posterior wall, 192 201 synovial tendon, 18 18 750 754 tendinous of abductor pollicis longus, 757 of digits, 32 of extensor carpi radiales, 752 of extensor carpi ulnaris, 756 of extensor digitorum, 752 of extensor indicis, 752 of extensor pollicis brevis, 757 of extensor pollicis longus, 757 of flexor carpi radialis, 749 of flexor pollicis longus, 750 in hand, 779 of thyroid gland, 1036 Shelf, talar, 524 Shin splints, 605 Shingles, 96 97 Shoulder, joints of (see Joint[s], glenohumeral) Shunt arteriovenous, 42 portocaval, 285 portosystemic, 285 288 Sialography of parotid duct, 926 927 of submandibular duct, 951 Sialolith, 927 Sigmoidoscope, 375 Sigmoidostomy, 260 Sign anterior drawer, 663 663 Babinski, 625 Hegar, 393 peau d’orange, 104 posterior drawer, 663 663 psoas, 318 Trendelenburg, 660 Simple mastectomy, 105 Sinus anal, 410 413 aortic left, 144 144 posterior, 144 144 right, 144 144 branchial, 1048 carotid anatomy of, 1000 1001 1003 hypersensitivity, 1010 cavernous anatomy of, 869 870 883 907 919 1064 thrombophlebitis of, 875 876 913 thrombosis of, 876 confluence of, 835 867 868 870 coronary, 138 139 140 148 dural venous, 868 of epididymis, 209 210 215 ethmoidal, 841 960 961 frontal, 868 935 957 960 961 1062 intercavernous, 869 870 lactiferous, 98 98 maxillary, 841 963 occipital, 868 869 occlusion of, 876 paranasal, 841 841 960 961 962 963 pericardial formation of, 129 130 oblique, 129 transverse, 129 petrosal inferior, 868 869 870 870 1004 1004 superior, 829 868 869 869 870 870 1057 prostatic, 368 369 379 pulmonary, 153 renal, 291 292 sagittal inferior, 843 867 868 870 1057 superior, 830 843 866 868 870 880 962 1057 sigmoid, 829 868 869 869 870 971 1057 sphenoidal, 935 957 960 961 962 961 1062 sphenoparietal, 870 straight, 867 868 870 tarsal, 650 tonsillar, 935 1033 1034 transillumination of, 964 965 transverse, 834 867 868 869 870 1057 tumor metastasis to, 876 venogram of, 871 venous, 876 scleral, 895 897 907 Sinus venarum, 138 140 Sinusitis, 964 Situs inversus, 134 Skeletal system definition of, 3 parts of, 19 Skeleton appendicular anatomy of, 19 330 inferior, 674 superior, 673 axial, 19 330 440 672 thoracic anatomy of, 73 description of, 72 ribs, 74 75 76 75 surface anatomy of, 99 100 102 103 104 Skier’s thumb, 817 Skin anatomy of, 12 13 14 13 burns to, 15 16 dermis of, 12 13 13 epidermis of, 12 13 of foot, 610 P.1127
functions of, 12 incisions in, 15 injuries to, 15 16 innervation of, 13 51 lacerations of, 15 of neck, 1005 parasympathetic stimulation, 65 scarring of, 15 stretch marks in, 15 15 subcutaneous tissue anatomy of, 13 13 14 17 98 skin ligaments of, 14 17 sympathetic stimulation, 65 tension lines of, 13 14 Skin dimples, 520 Sleeve, pulmonary, 112 Small intestine absorption in, 227 anatomy of, 239 239 241 arteries of, 245 duodenum (see Duodenum) ischemia of, 258 lymphatic system of, 238 nerves of, 238 247 in omental bursa, 221 222 226 227 radiographic image of, 68 surgical navigation of, 258 veins of, 245 Smell, loss of, 1078 Smoker’s cough, 122 “Soft spot,” 28 Sole of foot anatomy of, 7 8 602 arteries of, 620 central compartment of, 610 dorsal compartment of, 610 hemorrhaging wounds of, 625 interosseous compartment of, 610 lateral compartment of, 610 medial compartment of, 610 Space of Bogros, 197 204 epidural, 46 441 498 episcleral, 890 extradural, 473 500 505 fascial, 197 intercostal, 73 76 90 fourth, 98 thoracentesis, 121 leptomeningeal, 500 meningeal, 872 midpalmar, 773 773 paravesical, 346 Parona, 790 pelvirectal, 346 348 perisinusoidal, 275 276 postnatal, 416 quadrangular, 716 718 735 rectorectal, 347 rectovaginal, 347 retroinguinal, 551 552 retromammary, 98 104 retropharyngeal, 986 989 992 1031 retropubic, 345 346 365 366 374 376 retrorectal, 345 346 of spinal meninges, 500 subarachnoid anatomy of, 441 461 473 497 500 502 505 505 871 880 881 890 1062 cerebral, 880 description of, 865 development of, 505 spinal, 880 subcostal, 76 subhepatic, 269 subinguinal, 202 202 suprasternal, 986 988 1000 1007 1031 thenar, 773 773 vesicocervical, 347 vesicovaginal, 347 Sperm, 209 Spermatocele, 215 215 Spermatogenesis, 207 Spermatozoa, 209 Sphenoid bone, 823 824 830 Sphincter anal external, 342 365 371 372 376 402 411 421 424 internal, 365 376 402 410 411 421 of the bile duct, 277 esophageal, inferior, 230 hepatopancreatic, 267 of Oddi, 267 of pancreatic duct, 265 267 of pupil, 1064 pyloric, 233 urethral external, 340 346 367 369 389 405 408 409 425 internal, 366 367 urethrovaginal, 389 389 405 408 424 Spicules, 19 Spina bifida cystica, 463 Spina bifida occulta, 463 Spinal puncture, 505 505 506 Spine (of bone) definition of, 21 iliac anterior inferior, 329 513 514 515 578 631 anterior superior, 183 184 190 194 202 202 210 211 226 328 329 513 514 515 519 520 522 554 564 564 583 631 684 posterior inferior, 329 513 515 posterior superior, 328 329 453 486 487 513 514 515 522 578 583 709 ischial, 329 333 340 403 513 nasal anterior, 823 824 posterior, 829 831 834 936 of scapula, 21 674 675 708 of sphenoid, 831 832 917 919 952 suprameatal, 917 trochlear, 889 Spleen accessory, 281 282 anatomy of, 183 226 263 264 325 borders of, 263 computed tomography of, 323 diaphragmatic surface of, 263 embryology of, 263 functions of, 263 lymphatic system of, 267 needle biopsy of, 282 palpation of, 281 relations of, 263 rupture of, 281 surface anatomy of, 264 Splenectomy, 281 Splenomegaly, 281 Splenoportography, 282 Spondylolisthesis, 336 337 337 479 Spondylolysis, 336 337 337 459 479 Spondylosis, 463 506 Spongy bone, 19 Sprain ankle, 665 back, 495 ligament, 662 Stalk of epiglottis, 1023 Standing at ease, 542 Stapes, 970 972 Starling hypothesis, 42 Steele’s Rule of Thirds, 477 477 Stenosis, 153 aortic valve, 153 aqueductal, 886 886 internal carotid artery, 864 lumbar spinal, 460 460 pulmonary valve, 153 spinal, 460 Stents, intravascular, 157 Sterilization, male, 381 Sternal puncture, 24 Sternotomy, median, 84 85 Sternum anatomy of, 98 1007 anomalies of, 85 biopsy through, 85 body of, 73 78 79 100 102 103 128 cleft of, 85 definition of, 76 fracture of, 85 general images of, 19 manubrium of, 73 76 78 80 94 99 119 128 673 698 986 1014 1050 surface anatomy of, 99 surfaces of, 673 xiphoid process of, 76 78 Stomach, 183 arteries of, 234 236 bed of, 232 235 blood vessels of, 234 body of, 231 carcinoma of, 255 computed tomography of, 323 curvatures of, 68 232 232 233 definition of, 230 displacement of, 232 fundus of, 68 229 231 232 324 gastrectomy, 256 interior of, 232 lymphatic system of, 234 238 nerves of, 231 parasympathetic nerve supply of, 234 parts of, 231 232 233 pyloric antrum of, 68 pylorospasm of, 254 pylorus of, 68 183 184 226 233 266 286 radiographic image of, 68 P.1128
relations of, 232 234 235 rugae of, 68 surface anatomy of, 231 232 232 ulcers of, 256 257 veins of, 234 237 visceral referred pain, 257 Strain back, 495 gastrocnemius, 607 Stretch marks, 15 15 Striae gravidarum, 15 15 olfactory, 1056 1062 Strictures, urethral, 426 Stridor, inspiratory, 1082 Stroke, 1010 description of, 153 hemorrhagic, 887 ischemic, 887 Stye, 910 Subcutaneous tissue of abdominal wall, anterolateral, 186 anatomy of, 13 13 14 17 of foot, 610 of lower limb, 532 of neck, 985 of perineum, 404 skin ligaments of, 14 17 Sublingual absorption of drugs, 950 Subluxation, atlantoaxial, 477 Sudomotion, 62 Sulcus carotid, 832 central, 878 879 gluteal, 522 579 infrapalpebral, 859 859 lateral, 879 1056 mentolabial, 929 929 midline, 940 nasolabial, 860 928 929 parieto-occipital, 878 879 prechiasmatic, 832 834 835 suprapalpebral, 859 terminal, 940 1032 Superficial, 7 8 Superior, 7 8 Superolateral, 7 Supination, 9 11 804 Suprapubic cystotomy, 374 Surface articular of ankle joint, 647 648 of cervical vertebrae, 446 of hip joint, 626 629 630 of knee joint, 634 636 of lateral condyle, 639 of tibiofibular syndesmosis, 647 costal, of lungs, 111 113 diaphragmatic of heart, 138 138 146 of liver, 269 of lungs, 112 113 of heart, 138 138 of hip joint, 626 629 630 of knee joint, 634 636 of liver, 269 270 271 mediastinal, of lungs, 111 113 popliteal, 584 pulmonary left, 138 138 right, 138 radius, 688 sacropelvic, 329 of sacrum, 451 of scapula, 675 sternocostal, 138 146 of sternum, 673 of teeth, 932 of tongue, 938 940 Surface anatomy, 2 of acromion, 708 of ankle, 622 623 656 657 658 of anterolateral abdominal wall, 210 211 of arm, 739 740 of axilla, 707 708 of back muscles, 492 of cervical region, 1005 1006 1007 of coccyx, 452 453 453 of cubital fossa, 739 740 of eyeball, 907 908 909 of face, 859 860 of foot, 622 623 656 657 658 of forearm, 765 766 of gluteal region, 578 579 580 581 of great vessels, 161 162 163 of hand, 786 787 788 789 of head, 859 of heart, 171 172 of knee, 656 658 of lacrimal apparatus, 907 908 909 of leg, 603 604 of lumbar vertebrae, 452 453 453 of lungs, 119 120 of neck, 1005 1006 1007 of pleura, 119 120 of sacrum, 452 453 453 of spleen, 264 of stomach, 231 232 232 of thigh, 557 558 Surgery endoscopic, 199 extrapleural intrathoracic access, 96 lumpectomy, 105 mastectomy, 105 minimally invasive, 199 open-chest, 121 peritoneal, 223 Sustentaculum tali, 623 656 Sutural bone, 823 829 829 Suture(s) coronal, 26 823 826 829 830 frontal, 822 824 intermaxillary, 28 824 825 825 839 936 internasal, 28 interpalatine, 936 lambdoid, 826 829 830 metopic, 822 840 obliteration of, 841 841 sagittal, 829 829 830 831 Swallowing, 1034 1035 Sweat glands, 13 Sympathectomy, 318 319 Sympathetic nervous system of abdominal viscera, 300 301 304 description of, 58 59 60 61 62 61 64 Symphysis mandibular, 28 824 827 839 840 999 1000 pubic, 19 184 186 211 325 328 329 330 332 333 334 339 347 365 374 403 437 438 510 512 516 561 627 Synapses, 47 47 Synchondroses of 1st rib 73 78 81 calvarial, 888 sternal, 78 Syndesmosis dento-alveolar, 934 tibiofibular, 521 627 647 Syndrome(s) carpal tunnel, 767 790 817 cubital tunnel, 769 Horner, 913 ischemic compartment, 742 jugular foramen, 1082 Klinefelter, 104 Ménière, 979 980 myofascial pain, 86 painful arc, 814 Poland, 709 pronator, 768 punchdrunk, 886 Raynaud, 790 Saturday night, 54 tarsal tunnel, 666 667 thoracic outlet, 85 Synostosis, 22 78 514 Systemic anatomy, 3 3 4 Systole, 136 140

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