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Ovid: Clinically Oriented Anatomy

P Pacemaker, cardiac, 158 159 Pachymeninx, 865 Pain abdominal, 318 anginal, 156 159 back description of, 480 localized, 480 low, 480 cervical, 985 chest, 83 facial, 837 muscular, 480 myocardial infarction, 156 pararenal, 298 peritoneal, 217 pleural, 125 posterior abdominal, 318 referred cardiac, 159 diaphragm, 317 visceral, 159 P.1121
sciatica, 475 ureteric, 373 visceral referred, 257 zygapophysial joint, 480 Painful arc syndrome, 814 Palate cleft, 949 description of, 934 features of, 935 937 hard, 831 934 935 936 939 952 1022 soft, 935 936 936 937 938 938 939 1022 1032 1033 1034 Palatine bone, 823 831 936 951 1033 Palm of hand compartments of, 773 774 description of, 7 8 dissection of, 775 fascia of, 771 772 Palpation of abdominal wall, anterolateral, 197 198 definition of, 2 of femoral artery, 560 of radial artery, 770 of spleen, 281 of testes, 426 of uterus, 393 Palsy Bell, 1081 Erb-Duchenne, 730 facial nerve, 863 oculomotor, 1080 Pancreas accessory tissue of, 282 anatomy of, 265 arteries of, 266 body of, 266 267 cancer of, 283 318 computed tomography of, 323 definition of, 265 head of, 242 266 lymphatic system of, 267 neck of, 266 nerves of, 267 268 pseudo-cyst of, 225 rupture of, 283 secretions produced by, 265 tail of, 267 veins of, 266 Pancreatectomy, 282 Pancreatitis, 234 282 Pap smear, 395 395 Papilla duodenal major, 241 242 265 267 275 277 minor, 242 265 267 filiform, 940 940 foliate, 940 940 fungiform, 940 940 ileal, 249 249 incisive, 936 937 lacrimal, 892 893 909 lingual, 940 940 renal, 293 vallate, 940 940 1033 Papilledema, 911 Paracentesis, abdominal, 224 Paradoxical abdominothoracic rhythm, 224 Paralysis description of, 35 of diaphragm, 85 of extraocular muscles, 913 of genioglossus, 949 950 of hemidiaphragm, 317 Klumpke, 730 of quadriceps, 558 of serratus anterior, 709 710 of stapedius, 979 of trapezius, 1009 Paraphimosis, 426 Paraplegia, 506 Parasagittal, 5 Parasympathetic nervous system of abdominal viscera, 304 305 description of, 62 63 64 of digestive tract, 65 of heart, 65 of liver, 65 of lungs, 65 of skin, 65 of stomach, 234 of suprarenal medulla, 65 of urinary tract, 65 Paresthesia, 54 541 Parietal bone, 823 829 869 Parotidectomy, 863 926 Parotiditis, 926 Part cervical, 108 costal, 108 diaphragmatic, 108 mediastinal, 108 of parietal pleura, 108 Partial lumbar sympathectomy, 318 319 Patella abnormal ossification of, 559 anatomy of, 20 510 513 520 557 bipartite, 559 chondromalacia patellae, 558 559 dislocation of, 661 662 fractures of, 559 functions of, 547 tripartite, 559 Peau d’orange sign, 104 Pecten pubis, 203 329 516 Pectoral girdle, anatomy of, 20 73 672 793 Peduncle, cerebellar, 1056 Pelvic girdle anatomy of, 20 512 672 bones of, 328 329 330 definition of, 327 510 description of, 510 features of, 328 329 330 functions of, 327 joints of, 330 331 332 ligaments of, 330 331 332 563 orientation of, 330 secondary functions of, 327 surface anatomy of, 520 weight transfer, 512 Pelvic viscera definition of, 362 urinary organs, 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 Pelvis (named) android, 334 334 anthropoid, 334 334 arteries of, 350 351 352 353 354 355 axis of, 328 338 339 definition of, 327 diagonal conjugate of, 335 diameter of, 334 335 female, 330 331 365 fractures of, 335 336 greater, 327 328 328 330 331 339 370 gynecoid, 334 334 interspinous distance of, 335 335 joints of, 332 lesser, 328 328 330 331 339 370 ligaments of anatomy of, 332 631 during pregnancy, 336 relaxation of, 336 lymphatic system of, 355 357 357 magnetic resonance imaging of, 434 435 436 437 438 male, 330 331 365 medical imaging of, 434 435 436 437 438 neurovascular structures of, 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 peritoneal reflections in, 344 345 veins of, 355 356 visceral afferent innervation in, 361 walls of, 338 339 340 Pelvis (renal) anatomy of, 292 293 bifid, 299 ectopic, 299 Penis anatomy of, 419 420 421 422 423 arteries of, 420 421 body of, 419 bulb of, 369 376 412 435 436 circumcision of, 426 427 crura of, 419 436 ejaculation, 423 425 emission from, 423 erection of, 423 glans, 365 420 420 hypospadias of, 426 innervation of, 422 423 nerves of, 422 423 root of, 419 skin of, 420 veins of, 422 Percussion of heart, 137 153 of thorax, 123 Percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty, 157 157 Pericardial rub, 133 Pericardiocentesis, 134 134 Pericarditis, 133 Pericardium, 168 arteries of, 129 definition of, 128 development of, 130 fibrous anatomy of, 111 128 129 129 162 cardiac tamponade of, 133 134 description of, 132 functions of, 128 hemopericardium, 133 nerves of, 129 131 132 pneumopericardium, 133 P.1122
serous description of, 128 129 parietal layer of, 111 128 visceral layer of, 128 129 veins of, 129 Perichondrium, 19 Pericranium, 843 844 962 Pericytes, 37 Perilymph, 975 Perineum, 327 boundaries of, 403 disposition of, 403 episiotomy of, 414 415 female, 401 403 405 406 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 431 male, 405 406 description of, 418 distal male urethra, 418 lymphatic drainage of, 401 423 penis (see Penis) scrotum (see Scrotum) nerves of, 422 Perineurium, 49 50 Periodontium, 930 932 934 Periorbita, 891 Periosteum anatomy of, 16 19 22 23 26 845 innervation of, 473 Peripheral arterial disease, 608 Peripheral nervous system anatomy of, 3 47 49 nerve fibers of, 47 49 49 50 organization of, 47 Peristalsis, 227 232 Peristaltic wave, 68 Peritoneal dialysis, 224 Peritoneum adhesions of, 224 anatomy of, 343 definition of, 217 in females, 343 formations, 219 220 221 intraperitoneal injection, 224 mesentery of, 219 parietal anatomy of, 187 189 201 217 239 343 diaphragmatic, 121 embryology of, 218 surgical procedures of, 223 visceral, 217 218 Peritonitis, 223 224 260 390 Pes planus, 667 668 Phalanges of foot anatomy of, 523 609 general images of, 20 of hand fractures, 687 general images of, 20 ischemia of, 790 Phalanx distal, 513 674 811 middle, 811 proximal, 27 513 674 811 Pharynx arteries of, 1038 description of, 1032 1033 1034 1035 1036 1037 1038 muscles of, 1036 1037 1038 parts of, 1032 1034 1035 1036 1037 1038 veins of, 1038 Philtrum, 860 929 Phimosis, 426 Physical examination definition of, 2 instruments used in, 2 Pia mater, 461 anatomy of, 47 49 500 872 spinal, 500 500 Pilomotion, 62 Pisiform, 679 680 682 683 763 775 787 791 807 808 Plagiocephaly, 842 Plane(s) (in general) anatomical, 5 6 6 coronal, 5 6 fascial, 19 frontal, 5 6 interfascial, 19 intrafascial, 19 median, 5 6 midsagittal, 5 neurovascular, 191 paramedian, 5 sagittal, 5 6 transverse, 6 6 Plane(s) (named) interspinous, 183 184 185 median, 184 185 midclavicular, 184 185 orbitomeatal, 822 823 subcostal, 184 185 supracristal, 505 520 transpyloric, 184 185 232 transtubercular, 184 185 232 transumbilical, 184 185 195 210 transverse thoracic, 132 183 Plantarflexion, 7 10 Plaque, atherosclerotic, 888 Plate cribriform, of ethmoid, 834 834 869 1056 1062 epiphysial anatomy of, 22 22 fractures of, 528 growth, 455 horizontal, of maxillae, 829 831 perpendicular, of ethmoid, 824 955 pterygoid lateral, 830 831 832 917 936 937 952 medial, 830 831 832 834 936 937 tarsal, superior, 890 tympanic, 834 917 952 Plateau, tibial, 520 638 Pleura arteries of, 116 cervical description of, 107 108 109 110 128 162 1012 injuries to, 120 costal, 107 119 166 167 cupola of, 150 diaphragmatic, 119 injury to, 120 lymphatic system of, 117 118 118 mediastinal, 119 127 162 166 167 nerves of, 118 119 119 parietal anatomy of, 107 108 121 499 costal part of, 111 1013 lymphatic drainage from, 117 nerves of, 119 surface anatomy of, 119 120 veins of, 116 117 visceral anatomy of, 107 108 115 118 121 nerves of, 119 Pleural adhesion definition of, 122 lymphatic drainage after, 125 Pleural reflection, 109 110 Pleural rub, 122 Pleural sleeve, 113 Pleurectomy, 122 Pleurisy, 122 Pleuritis, 122 125 282 Pleurodesis, 122 Plexus abdominal autonomic, 305 aortic, 367 thoracic, 167 167 Auerbach, 244 305 basilar, 868 870 brachial anatomy of, 54 89 93 693 715 993 1013 block of, 730 description of, 721 722 723 724 725 982 Erb-Duchenne palsy of, 730 injuries to, 729 730 neuritis of, 730 roots of, 721 996 trunks of, 721 721 996 capillary, alveolar, 115 cardiac, 119 150 163 164 172 1076 carotid, 885 1069 external, 916 celiac, 234 238 265 267 276 278 280 297 303 305 1076 cervical anatomy of, 54 693 996 997 block of, 1009 cutaneous branches of, 996 motor branches of, 996 nerve roots of, 1077 choroid, 865 866 879 880 881 1056 coccygeal, 358 dental inferior, 921 931 934 superior, 931 934 esophageal, 119 163 164 165 166 172 172 230 1074 formation of, 55 hepatic, 276 277 hypogastric inferior, 301 303 305 360 367 372 390 398 414 422 superior, 252 303 304 305 360 367 372 390 398 intermesenteric, 303 305 limbal, 897 lumbar, 54 312 312 313 lymphatic, 43 692 deep, 117 118 of palm, 693 P.1123
pulmonary, 117 subareolar, 99 101 720 subepicardial, 148 subpleural, 118 superficial, 117 Meissner, 244 mesenteric inferior, 303 305 pulmonary, 238 superior, 243 246 267 276 297 305 myenteric, 244 246 305 ovarian, 384 parotid, 853 915 1068 pelvic, 302 355 390 periarterial, 23 230 231 243 358 1020 peribiliary, 275 perivascular, 246 pharyngeal, 1035 1038 1072 phrenic, 290 pulmonary, 172 1076 anterior, 162 left, 119 164 172 right, 119 163 164 renal, 297 297 303 1076 sacral, 54 207 339 340 357 358 372 390 411 submucosal, 244 246 thyroid, 1020 1021 1021 tympanic, 971 1073 uterine, 384 venous, 41 epidural, 320 pampiniform, 207 208 209 210 376 384 422 436 pelvic, 355 367 prostatic, 356 367 368 369 377 379 422 423 435 pterygoid, 857 907 921 937 rectal, 371 371 414 417 submucosal, 959 uterine, 384 388 389 uterovaginal, 389 vaginal, 356 vertebral external, 472 internal, 355 379 472 500 868 vesical, 363 369 377 422 Pneumomediastinum, 989 Pneumonectomy, 83 124 Pneumopericardium, 133 Pneumothorax, 120 121 1008 Podiatry, 609 Point McBurney, 199 260 midinguinal, 184 185 semilunar, 184 185 Poland syndrome, 709 Pole frontal, 878 879 885 occipital, 878 879 885 temporal, 878 879 885 thyroid gland, 1020 Polymastia, 105 106 Polythelia, 103 105 106 Pons, 878 879 1022 1056 Porta hepatis, 223 233 269 270 Portal venous system, 42 Position lithotomy, 348 supine, 132 Trendelenburg, 309 1011 Positron emission tomography, 70 Posterior, 6 8 Posterior drawer sign, 663 663 Posteroanterior projections, 125 126 176 Pouch perineal deep, 404 407 408 408 409 superficial, 404 407 rectouterine, 343 365 371 374 386 388 437 rectovesical, 220 345 365 371 374 376 435 vesicouterine, 365 386 388 437 Power grip, 771 772 Precision handling grip, 771 772 Pregnancy breast changes during, 98 99 ectopic, 392 pelvic floor injury during, 348 349 pelvic ligaments during, 336 uterine changes during, 394 394 395 vaginal distension, 396 Prepuce of clitoris, 428 of penis, 420 420 Presbyopia, 911 Primary ossification center, 22 22 Process accessory, 451 alveolar, 825 825 articular, 443 of cervical vertebrae, 446 983 inferior, 76 77 442 443 464 466 of lumbar vertebrae, 450 superior, 76 77 442 443 466 of thoracic vertebrae, 448 466 axillary, 98 caudate, 272 ciliary, 896 clinoid anterior, 832 834 870 873 883 961 posterior, 832 834 condylar, 917 condyloid, 948 coracoid, 675 676 698 707 734 coronoid anatomy of, 66 678 802 805 fractures of, 837 838 of mandible, 826 costal, 455 frontal of maxilla, 825 826 of zygomatic bone, 825 826 jugular, 1014 lateral, of malleus, 969 mammillary, 451 455 mastoid, 485 829 831 915 952 1005 of temporal bone, 826 828 917 984 palatine, of maxillae, 829 831 936 papillary, 272 pterygoid, 830 952 pyramidal, of palatine bone, 917 spinous of axis, 469 871 bifid, 983 of C5, 871 of C6, 1040 of C7, 103 1040 of cervical vertebrae, 446 1022 definition of, 21 21 of L2, 442 of L4, 505 of lumbar vertebrae, 450 483 of S2, 453 of T1, 88 of T4, 485 of T12, 119 of thoracic vertebrae, 76 448 styloid, 1036 of 3rd metacarpal 680 683 of cranium, 823 of radius, 674 678 682 764 765 805 808 of temporal bone, 828 883 917 984 of temporomandibular joint, 919 of ulna, 678 764 765 805 temporal, of zygomatic bone, 826 transverse, 442 of axis, 493 493 of C4, 486 of cervical vertebrae, 446 454 983 of coccyx, 452 of L2, 442 of lumbar vertebrae, 450 454 of T5, 80 of thoracic vertebrae, 448 454 uncinate, 240 242 266 322 445 465 1040 vaginal, 832 917 xiphoid, 73 78 78 79 84 100 103 128 183 186 194 210 306 324 zygomatic, 831 of frontal bone, 826 of temporal bone, 826 828 917 Proctoscope, 375 Prolapse of pelvic viscera, 414 of rectum, 416 of uterus, 392 393 Prominence of cheek, 929 laryngeal, 1000 1006 1023 1024 1039 mandibular, 853 maxillary, 853 Promontory, sacral, 329 333 335 451 Pronation, 9 11 806 Pronator syndrome, 768 Proprioception, 28 Proprioceptive sensations, 52 Prosections, 3 Protraction, 10 11 Protrusion, 10 11 Protuberance definition of, 21 mental, 823 827 859 occipital external, 21 467 485 495 823 829 831 868 871 1007 internal, 834 835 868 869 Proximal, 7 8 Psoas sign, 318 Pterion anatomy of, 826 828 828 917 952 fracture of, 874 875 P.1124
Ptosis, 908 909 Pubic bone, 520 Pubis, 328 428 516 Pulmonary embolism, 124 125 561 Pulmonology, 4 Pulpitis, 947 Pulse carotid artery, 1007 1010 dorsalis pedis, 625 facial artery, 863 internal jugular, 1011 popliteal, 604 posterior tibial, 608 622 radial artery, 768 792 Punchdrunk syndrome, 886 Puncture cisternal, 886 internal jugular vein, 1011 lumbar spinal, 505 505 506 spinal, 505 505 506 sternal, 24 subclavian vein, 728 1008 Pupil, 895 896 908 Pus, 225 Pyosalpinx, 392 Pyramid, renal, 292 293 Pyrosis, 254

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