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MD Consult: Books: Goldman: Cecil Medicine: REFERENCES

Goldman: Cecil Medicine, 23rd ed.

Copyright © 2007 Saunders, An Imprint of Elsevier


1. Nelson HD, Haney E, Humphrey L, et al: Management of Menopause-Related Symptoms,  Rockville, MD, Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, 2005. AHRQ Publication No. 05-E016-2

2. MacLennan A, Lester S, Moore V: Oral estrogen replacement therapy versus placebo for hot flushes: A systematic review.  Climacteric  2001; 4:58-74.

3. Notelovitz M, Lenihan JP, McDermott M, et al: Initial 17-beta estradiol dose for treating vasomotor symptoms.  Obstet Gynecol  2000; 95:726-731.

4. Utian WH, Burry KA, Archer DF, et al: Efficacy and safety of low, standard, and high dosages of an estradiol transdermal system (Esclim) compared with placebo on vasomotor symptoms in highly symptomatic menopausal patients: The Esclim Study Group.  Am J Obstet Gynecol  1999; 181:71-79.

5. Utian WH, Shoupe D, Bachmann G, et al: Relief of vasomotor symptoms and vaginal atrophy with lower doses of conjugated equine estrogens and medroxyprogesterone acetate.  Fertil Steril  2001; 75:1065-1079.

6. Rossouw JE, Anderson GL, Prentice RL, et al: Risks and benefits of estrogen plus progestin in healthy postmenopausal women: Principal results from the Women’s Health Initiative randomized controlled trial.  JAMA  2002; 288:321-333.

7. Shumaker SA, Legault C, Thal L, et al: Estrogen plus progestin and the incidence of dementia and mild cognitive impairment in postmenopausal women: The Women’s Health Initiative Memory Study. A randomized controlled trial.  JAMA  2003; 289:2651-2662.

8. Shumaker SA, Legault C, Kuller L, et al: Conjugated equine estrogens and incidence of probable dementia and mild cognitive impairment in postmenopausal women.  JAMA  2004; 291:2947-2958.

9. Women’s Health Initiative Steering Committee: Effects of con jugated equine estrogen in postmenopausal women with hysterectomy: The Women’s Health Initiative Randomized Controlled Trial.  JAMA  2004; 291:1701-1712.

10. Nelson HD, Vesco KK, Haney E, et al: Nonhormonal therapies for menopausal hot flashes: Systematic review and meta-analysis.  JAMA  2006; 295:2057-2071.

11. Suckling J, Lethaby A, Kennedy R: Local oestrogen for vaginal atrophy in postmenopausal women.  Cochrane Database Syst Rev  2006;4.CD001500

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