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MD Consult:

Contributors

Jon S. Abramson, MD
Chair, Department of Pediatrics, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, North Carolina

Streptococcus pneumoniae (Pneumococcus)

Mark J. Abzug, MD
Professor, Department of Pediatrics-Infectious Diseases, University of Colorado School of Medicine, The Children’s Hospital, Aurora, Colorado

Nonpolio Enteroviruses

John J. Aiken, MD, FACS, FAAP
Associate Professor of Surgery, Division of Pediatric General and Thoracic Surgery, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisconsin

Acute Appendicitis; Inguinal Hernias; Epigastric Hernia

H. Hesham A-kader, MD, MSc
Professor, Department of Pediatrics; Chief, Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition; The University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona

Neonatal Cholestasis

Cezmi A. Akdis, Prof.MD
Director, Swiss Institute of Allergy and Asthma Research (SIAF), Davos, Switzerland

Allergy and the Immunologic Basis of Atopic Disease

Harold Alderman, MS, PhD
Development Research Group, The World Bank, Washington, District of Columbia

Nutrition, Food Security, and Health

Ramin Alemzadeh, MD
Professor of Pediatrics, Department of Pediatrics, Medical College of Wisconsin, MACC Fund Research Center, Milwaukee, Wisconsin

Diabetes Mellitus

Evaline A. Alessandrini, MD, MSCE
Director, Quality Scholars Program in Health Care Transformation, Divisions of Health Policy/Clinical Effectiveness and Emergency Medicine, Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center; Professor, Department of Pediatrics, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, Ohio

Outcomes and Risk Adjustment

Omar Ali, MD
Assistant Professor, Department of Pediatrics, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisconsin

Hypofunction of the Testes; Pseudoprecocity Resulting from Tumors of the Testes; Gynecomastia; Diabetes Mellitus

Namasivayam Ambalavanan, MBBS, MD
Associate Professor, Division of Neonatology, Departments of Pediatrics, Cell Biology, and Pathology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama

Nervous System Disorders; Respiratory Tract Disorders; Digestive System Disorders

Karl E. Anderson, MD, FACP
Professor, Departments of Preventive Medicine and Community Health, Internal Medicine and Pharmacology and Toxicology, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, Texas

The Porphyrias

Peter M. Anderson, MD, PhD
Professor, University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas

Wilms Tumor; Other Pediatric Renal Tumors

Kelly K. Anthony, PhD
Assistant Professor, Durham Child Development and Behavioral Health Clinic and Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina

Musculoskeletal Pain Syndromes

Alia Y. Antoon, MD
Chief of Pediatrics, Shriners Hospital for Children; Assistant Clinical Professor, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts

Burn Injuries; Cold Injuries

Stacy P. Ardoin, MD, MS
Assistant Professor of Clinical Medicine, Ohio State University and Nationwide Children’s Hospital, Columbus, Ohio

Systemic Lupus Erythematosus; Vasculitis Syndromes

Carola A.S. Arndt, MD
Professor of Pediatrics, Pediatric Hematology-Oncology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota

Soft Tissue Sarcomas; Neoplasms of Bone

Stephen S. Arnon, MD
Founder and Chief, Infant Botulism Treatment and Prevention Program, Center for Infectious Diseases, California Department of Public Health, Richmond, California

Botulism (Clostridium botulinum); Tetanus (Clostridium tetani)

Stephen C. Aronoff, MD
Waldo E. Nelson Professor and Chairman, Department of Pediatrics, Temple University School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Cryptococcus neoformans; Histoplasmosis (Histoplasma capsulatum); Paracoccidioides brasiliensis; Sporotrichosis (Sporothrix schenckii); Zygomycosis (Mucormycosis); Primary Amebic Meningoencephalitis; Nonbacterial Food Poisoning

David M. Asher, MD
Chief, Laboratory of Bacterial and Transmissible Spongiform Encephalopathy Agents, Office of Blood Research and Review, Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER), U.S. Food and Drug Administration, Rockville, Maryland

Transmissible Spongiform Encephalopathies

Barbara L. Asselin, MD
Associate Professor of Pediatrics and Oncology, Golisano Children’s Hospital at Strong Pediatrics, Rochester, New York

Epidemiology of Childhood and Adolescent Cancer

Joann L. Ater, MD
Professor, Division of Pediatrics, University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas

Brain Tumors in Childhood; Neuroblastoma

Dan Atkins, MD
Associate Professor of Pediatrics, University of Colorado School of Medicine; Professor of Pediatrics, Director, Ambulatory Pediatrics, National Jewish Health, Denver, Colorado

Diagnosis of Allergic Disease; Principles of Treatment of Allergic Disease; Urticaria (Hives) and Angioedema

Erika F. Augustine, MD
Senior Instructor of Neurology, Division of Child Neurology, University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, New York

Movement Disorders

Marilyn Augustyn, MD
Director, Division of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics, Department of Pediatrics, Boston Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts

Impact of Violence on Children

Ellis D. Avner, MD
Director, Children’s Research Institute; Associate Dean for Research, Departments of Pediatrics and Physiology, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisconsin

Introduction to Glomerular Diseases; Glomerulonephritis Associated with Infections; Membranous Glomerulopathy; Membranoproliferative Glomerulonephritis; Glomerulonephritis Associated with Systemic Lupus Erythematosus; Henoch-Schonlein Purpura Nephritis; Rapidly Progressive (Crescentic) Glomerulonephritis; Goodpasture Disease; Hemolytic-Uremic Syndrome; Upper Urinary Tract Causes of Hematuria; Hematologic Diseases Causing Hematuria; Anatomic Abnormalities Associated with Hematuria; Lower Urinary Tract Causes of Hematuria; Introduction to the Child with Proteinuria; Transient Proteinuria; Orthostatic (Postural) Proteinuria; Fixed Proteinuria; Nephrotic Syndrome; Tubular Function; Renal Tubular Acidosis; Nephrogenic Diabetes Insipidus; Bartter and Gitelman Syndromes and Other Inherited Tubular Transport Abnormalities; Tubulointerstitial Nephritis; Toxic Nephropathy; Cortical Necrosis; Renal Failure

Parvin H. Azimi, MD
Director, Infectious Diseases, Children’s Hospital and Research Center at Oakland; Clinical Professor of Pediatrics, University of California, San Francisco, California

Chancroid (Haemophilus ducreyi)

Carlos A. Bacino, MD
Genetics Service Chief, Texas Children’s Hospital; Associate Professor of Genetics, Department of Molecular and Human Genetics, Baylor College of Medicine and Texas Children’s Hospital, Houston, Texas

Cytogenetics

Robert N. Baldassano, MD
Colman Family Chair in Pediatric Inflammatory Bowel Disease; Professor, University of Pennsylvania, School of Medicine; Director, Center for Pediatric Inflammatory Bowel Disease, The Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Inflammatory Bowel Disease; Eosinophilic Gastroenteritis

Christina Bales, MD
Fellow, Division of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition, The Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Intestinal Atresia, Stenosis, and Malrotation

William F. Balistreri, MD
Director Emeritus, Pediatric Liver Care Center; Medical Director Emeritus, Liver Transplantation, Dorothy M.M. Kersten Professor of Pediatrics, Division of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition at Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, Ohio

Morphogenesis of the Liver and Biliary System; Manifestations of Liver Disease; Neonatal Cholestasis; Metabolic Diseases of the Liver; Viral Hepatitis; Liver Disease Associated with Systemic Disorders; Mitochondrial Hepatopathies

Robert S. Baltimore, MD
Professor of Pediatrics and of Epidemiology and Public Health, Department of Pediatrics, Section of Pediatric Infectious Disease, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut

Listeria monocytogenes; Pseudomonas aeruginosa; Burkholderia; Stenotrophomonas

Manisha Balwani, MD, MS
Assistant Professor, Department of Genetics and Genomic Sciences, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, New York

The Porphyrias

Shahida Baqar, PhD
Head, Immunology Branch, Infectious Diseases Directorate, Enteric Diseases Department, Naval Medical Research Center, Silver Spring, Maryland

Campylobacter

Christine E. Barron, MD
Assistant Professor, Department of Pediatrics, Warren Alpert Medical School at Brown University, Rhode Island Hospital, Providence, Rhode Island

Adolescent Rape

Dorsey M. Bass, MD
Associate Professor of Pediatrics, Department of Pediatrics, Stanford University School of Medicine, Division of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Palo Alto, California

Rotaviruses, Caliciviruses, and Astroviruses

Mark L. Batshaw, MD
Chief Academic Officer, Children’s National Medical Center, Chairman of Pediatrics and Associate Dean for Academic Affairs, George Washington University School of Medicine, Washington, District of Columbia

Intellectual Disability

Richard E. Behrman, MD
Emeritus Professor of Pediatrics and Dean, Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine; Clinical Professor of Pediatrics, University of California, San Francisco, and George Washington University, Washington, District of Columbia; Director, Non-Profit Health Care and Educational Consultants, Santa Barbara, California

Overview of Pediatrics

Michael J. Bell, MD
Associate Professor of Critical Care Medicine, Neurological Surgery and Pediatrics; Director, Pediatric Neurocritical Care; Director, Pediatric Neurotrauma Center; Associate Director, Safar Center of Resuscitation Research, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

Neurologic Emergencies and Stabilization

John W. Belmont, MD, PhD
Professor, Department of Molecular and Human Genetics, and Pediatrics, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas

Genetics of Common Disorders

Daniel K. Benjamin Jr., MD, MPH, PhD
Professor of Pediatrics, Duke University; Chief, Division of Quantitative Sciences; Director, DCRI Clinical Research Fellowship Program, Duke University Health System, Durham, North Carolina

Principles of Antifungal Therapy; Candida

Michael J. Bennett, PhD, FRCPath, FACB, DABCC
Professor of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine, University of Pennsylvania; Evelyn Willing Bromley Endowed Chair in Clinical Laboratories & Pathology; Director, Metabolic Disease Laboratory, The Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Defects in Metabolism of Liquids

Daniel Bernstein, MD
Chief, Division of Pediatric Cardiology; Director, Children’s Heart Center, Lucile Packard Children’s Hospital at Stanford; Alfred Woodley Salter and Mabel G. Salter Professor of Pediatrics, Stanford University, Palo Alto, California

Cardiac Development; The Fetal to Neonatal Circulatory Transition; History and Physical Examination; Laboratory Evaluation; Epidemiology and Genetic Basis of Congenital Heart Disease; Evaluation of the Infant or Child with Congenital Heart Disease; Acyanotic Congenital Heart Disease: The Left-to-Right Shunt Lesions; Acyanotic Congenital Heart Disease: The Obstructive Lesions; Acyanotic Heart Disease: Regurgitant Lesions; Cyanotic Congenital Heart Disease: Evaluation of the Critically Ill Neonate with Cyanosis and Respiratory Distress; Cyanotic Congenital Heart Lesions: Lesions Associated with Decreased Pulmonary Blood Flow; Cyanotic Congenital Heart Disease: Lesions Associated with Increased Pulmonary Blood Flow; Other Congenital Heart and Vascular Malformations; Pulmonary Hypertension; General Principles of Treatment of Congenital Heart Disease; Infective Endocarditis; Rheumatic Heart Disease; Heart Failure; Pediatric Heart and Heart-Lung Transplantation; Diseases of the Blood Vessels (Aneurysms and Fistulas)

Jatinder Bhatia, MD, FAAP
Professor and Chief, Division of Neonatology; Vice Chair for Clinical Research, Medical College of Georgia, Augusta, Georgia

Feeding Healthy Infants, Children, and Adolescents

Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta, MD, PhD
Husein Lalji Dewraj Professor & Founding Chair, Division of Women & Child Health, Aga Khan University, Karachi, Pakistan

Salmonella; Acute Gastroenteritis in Children

Leslie G. Biesecker, MD
Chief, Genetic Disease Research Branch, National Human Genome Research Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland

Dysmorphology

James Birmingham, MD
Clinical Assistant Professor, Michigan State University College of Human Medicine; Division Chief, Helen Devos Pediatric Rheumatology; Adult and Pediatric Rheumatologist, West Michigan Rheumatology, PLLC, Grand Rapids, Michigan

Ankylosing Spondylitis and Other Spondyloarthritides; Reactive and Postinfectious Arthritis

Samra S. Blanchard, MD
Associate Professor of Pediatrics; Division Head, Department of Pediatric Gastroenterology, University of Maryland, School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland

Peptic Ulcer Disease in Children

Ronald Blanton, MD, MSC
Professor, Center for Global Health and Diseases, Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, Cleveland, Ohio

Adult Tapeworm Infections; Cysticercosis; Echinococcosis (Echinococcus granulosus and Echinococcus multilocularis)

Archie Bleyer, MD
Clinical Research Professor, Radiation Medicine, Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, Oregon

Principles of Treatment; The Leukemias

C.D.R. Lynelle M. Boamah, MD, MEd, FAAP
Staff Pediatric Gastroenterologist; Assistant Pediatric Program Director, Naval Medical Center San Diego, San Diego, California

Manifestations of Liver Disease

Steven R. Boas, MD
Associate Professor, Department of Pediatrics, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine; Medical Director, Cystic Fibrosis Center of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois

Emphysema and Overinflation; α1-Antitrypsin Deficiency and Emphysema; Other Distal Airway Diseases; Skeletal Diseases Influencing Pulmonary Function

Thomas F. Boat, MD
Professor of Pediatrics, Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center; Executive Associate Dean for Clinical Affairs, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, Ohio

Chronic or Recurrent Respiratory Symptoms

Walter Bockting, PhD
Associate Professor, Department of Family Medicine and Community Health; Coordinator of Transgender Health Services, Program in Human Sexuality, University of Minnesota Medical School, Minneapolis, Minnesota

Adolescent Development

Mark Boguniewicz, MD
Professor, Department of Pediatrics, Division of Pediatric Allergy-Immunology, National Jewish Health and University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, Colorado

Ocular Allergies; Adverse Reactions to Drugs

Daniel J. Bonthius, MD, PhD
Professor, Departments of Pediatrics and Neurology, University of Iowa School of Medicine, Iowa City, Iowa

Lymphocytic Choriomeningitis Virus

Laurence A. Boxer, MD
Henry and Mala Dorfman Family Professor of Pediatric Hematology/Oncology, University of Michigan School of Medicine, Ann Arbor, Michigan

Neutrophils; Eosinophils; Disorders of Phagocyte Function; Leukopenia; Leukocytosis

Amanda M. Brandow, DO, MS
Assistant Professor of Pediatrics, Department of Pediatrics, Section of Hematology/Oncology/Bone Marrow Transplantation, Medical College of Wisconsin, and Children’s Research Institute of the Children’s Hospital of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisconsin

Polycythemia; Secondary Polycythemia; Anatomy and Function of the Spleen; Splenomegaly; Hyposplenism, Splenic Trauma, and Splenectomy

David Branski, MD
Professor and Chair of Pediatrics, The Hebrew University-Hadassah School of Medicine, Jerusalem, Israel

Disorders of Malabsorption; Chronic Diarrhea

David T. Breault, MD, PhD
Division of Endocrinology, Children’s Hospital Boston, Boston, Massachusetts

Diabetes Insipidus; Other Abnormalities of Arginine Vasopressin Metabolism and Action

Rebecca H. Buckley, MD
J. Buren Sidbury Professor of Pediatrics, Professor of Immunology, Departments of Pediatrics and Immunology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina

Evaluation of Suspected Immunodeficiency; T Lymphocytes, B Lymphocytes, and Natural Killer Cells; Primary Defects of Antibody Production; Primary Defects of Cellular Immunity; Primary Combined Antibody and Cellular Immunodeficiencies

Cynthia Etzler Budek, MS, APN/NP, CPNP-AC/PC
Pediatric Nurse Practitioner, Transitional Care Unit/Pulmonary Habilitation Program, Children’s Memorial Hospital, Chicago, Illinois

Chronic Respiratory Insufficiency

E. Stephen Buescher, MD
Professor of Pediatrics, Department of Pediatrics, Eastern Virginia Medical School, Norfolk, Virginia

Diphtheria (Corynebacterium diphtheriae)

Gale R. Burstein, MD, MPH, FSAHM
Clinical Associate Professor, Department of Pediatrics, State University of New York at Buffalo School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Adolescent Medicine, Buffalo, New York

The Epidemiology of Adolescent Health Problems; Delivery of Health Care to Adolescents; Sexually Transmitted Infections

Amaya Lopez Bustinduy, MD
Pediatric Infectious Diseases Fellow, Department of Pediatrics, Division of Infectious Diseases, Rainbow Babies & Children’s Hospital, University Hospitals of Cleveland, Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, Cleveland, Ohio

Schistosomiasis (Schistosoma); Flukes (Liver, Lung, and Intestinal)

Mitchell S. Cairo, MD
Chief, Division of Pediatric Blood and Marrow Transplantation; Professor of Pediatrics, Medicine, Pathology and Cell Biology, Morgan Stanley Children’s Hospital of New York–Presbyterian, Columbia University, New York, New York

Lymphoma

Bruce M. Camitta, MD
Rebecca Jean Slye Professor, Department of Pediatrics, Hematology/Oncology, Medical College of Wisconsin, Midwest Center for Cancer and Blood Disorders, Milwaukee, Wisconsin

Polycythemia; Secondary Polycythemia; Anatomy and Function of the Spleen; Splenomegaly; Hyposplenism, Splenic Trauma, and Splenectomy; Anatomy and Function of the Lymphatic System; Abnormalities of Lymphatic Vessels; Lymphadenopathy

Angela Jean Peck Campbell, MD, MPH
Assistant Professor, Department of Pediatrics, Division of Infectious Diseases, University of Washington, Seattle Children’s Hospital, Seattle, Washington

Parainfluenza Viruses

Rebecca G. Carey, MD, MS
Assistant Professor of Pediatrics, Tufts University, Attending Maine Medical Center, Division of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Portland, Maine

Metabolic Diseases of the Liver; Mitochondrial Hepatopathies

Waldemar A. Carlo, MD
Edwin M. Dixon Professor of Pediatrics; Director, Division of Neonatology, University of Alabama, Birmingham Hospital, Birmingham, Alabama

Overview of Mortality and Morbidity; The Newborn Infant; High-Risk Pregnancies; The Fetus; The High-Risk Infant; Clinical Manifestations of Diseases in the Newborn Period; Nervous System Disorders; Delivery Room Emergencies; Respiratory Tract Disorders; Digestive System Disorders; Blood Disorders; Genitourinary System; The Umbilicus; Metabolic Disturbances

Robert B. Carrigan, MD
The Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

The Upper Limb

Mary T. Caserta, MD
Associate Professor of Pediatrics, Department of Pediatrics, Division of Infectious Diseases; Director, Pediatric Infectious Diseases Fellowship, University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, New York

Roseola (Human Herpesviruses 6 and 7); Human Herpesvirus 8

Ellen Gould Chadwick, MD
Irene Heinz Given and John LaPorte Given Professor of Pediatrics, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University; Associate Director, Section of Pediatric, Adolescent and Maternal HIV Infection, Division of Infectious Diseases, Children’s Memorial Hospital, Chicago, Illinois

Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (Human Immunodeficiency Virus)

Lisa J. Chamberlain, MD, MPH
Assistant Professor of Pediatrics, Division of General Pediatrics, Stanford University School of Medicine, Palo Alto, California

Chronic Illness in Childhood

Jennifer I. Chapman, MD
Attending, Pediatric Emergency Medicine, PEM Fellowship Director; Assistant Professor of Pediatrics, Children’s National Medical Center, George Washington University School of Medicine, Washington, District of Columbia

Principles Applicable to the Developing World

Ira M. Cheifetz, MD, FCCM, FAARC
Professor of Pediatrics; Chief, Pediatric Critical Care Medicine; Medical Director, Pediatric ICU; Medical Director, Pediatric Respiratory Care & ECMO Programs, Duke Children’s Hospital, Durham, North Carolina

Pediatric Emergencies and Resuscitation; Shock

Wassim Chemaitilly, MD
Assistant Professor of Pediatrics, Pediatric Endocrinology, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

Physiology of Puberty; Disorders of Pubertal Development

Sharon F. Chen, MD, MS
Instructor, Department of Pediatrics, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California; Attending Physician, Division of Pediatric Infectious Diseases, Lucile Packard Children’s Hospital, Palo Alto, California

Principles of Antiparasitic Therapy

Yuan-Tsong Chen, MD, PhD
Professor, Department of Pediatrics, Genetics, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina

Defects in Metabolism of Carbohydrates

Russell W. Chesney, MD
Le Bonheur Professor and Chair, Department of Pediatrics, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Le Bonheur Children’s Medical Center, Memphis, Tennessee

Renal Tubular Acidosis; Bone Structure, Growth, and Hormonal Regulation; Primary Chondrodystrophy (Metaphyseal Dysplasia); Hypophosphatasia; Hyperphosphatasia; Osteoporosis

Jennifer A. Chiriboga, PhD
Pediatric and School Psychologist; Assistant Professor of School Psychology, Duquesne University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

Anxiety Disorders

Robert D. Christensen, MD
Director, Neonatology Research, Intermountain Healthcare; Director, Neonatology, Urban North Region, Intermountain Healthcare, McKay-Dee Hospital, Ogden, Utah

Development of the Hematopoietic System

Andrew Chu, MD
Fellow, Division of Gastroenterology, Hepatology & Nutrition, The Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Superior Mesenteric Artery Syndrome (Wilkie Syndrome, Cast Syndrome, Arteriomesenteric Duodenal Compression Syndrome); Ileus, Adhesions, Intussusception, and Closed-Loop Obstructions

Michael J. Chusid, MD
Professor and Chief, Pediatric Infectious Diseases, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisconsin

Infection Prevention and Control; Other Anaerobic Infections

Theodore J. Cieslak, MD
Colonel, Medical Corps, USA; Department of Defense Liaison Officer, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia

Biologic and Chemical Terrorism

Jeff A. Clark, MD
Associate Professor of Pediatrics, Wayne State University School of Medicine; Associate Director PICU, Children’s Hospital of Michigan, Detroit, Michigan

Respiratory Distress and Failure

Thomas G. Cleary, MD
Professor of Epidemiology, Center for Infectious Diseases, University of Texas School of Public Health, University of Texas Health Science Center—Houston, Houston, Texas

Shigella; Escherichia coli

John David Clemens, MD
Director-General, International Vaccine Institute, Kwanak, Seoul, Korea

International Immunization Practices

Joanna S. Cohen, MD
Assistant Professor of Pediatrics and Emergency Medicine, Children’s National Medical Center, Washington, District of Columbia

Care of Abrasions and Minor Lacerations

Mitchell B. Cohen, MD
Professor and Vice-Chair of Pediatrics; Director, Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition, Department of Pediatrics, Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio

Clostridium difficile Infection

Pinchas Cohen, MD
Professor and Chief, UCLA—Pediatric Endocrinology, Los Angeles, California

Hyperpituitarism, Tall Stature, and Overgrowth Syndromes

Michael Cohen-Wolkowiez, MD
Assistant Professor, Department of Pediatrics, Duke Clinical Research Institute, Durham, North Carolina

Principles of Antifungal Therapy

Robert A. Colbert, MD, PhD
Senior Investigator; Chief, Pediatric Translational Research Branch, NIAMS, National Institutes of Health, DHHS, Bethesda, Maryland

Ankylosing Spondylitis and Other Spondyloarthritides; Reactive and Postinfectious Arthritis

F. Sessions Cole, MD
Park J. White, MD, Professor of Pediatrics; Assistant Vice Chancellor for Children’s Health; Director, Division of Newborn Medicine, St. Louis Children’s Hospital, St. Louis, Missouri

Pulmonary Alveolar Proteinosis; Inherited Disorders of Surfactant Metabolism

Joanna C.M. Cole, PhD
Clinical Psychologist, Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry; Director of Child Psychology Training, Boston Medical Center, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts

Suicide and Attempted Suicide

John L. Colombo, MD
Pediatric Pulmonology and Nebraska Cystic Fibrosis Center, University of Nebraska Medical Center and Children’s Hospital, Omaha, Nebraska

Aspiration Syndromes; Chronic Recurrent Aspiration

Amber R. Cooper, MD, MSCI
Assistant Professor, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Division of Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility, Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis, St. Louis, Missouri

Vulvovaginal and Mullerian Anomalies

Ronina A. Covar, MD
Associate Professor, Department of Pediatrics, National Jewish Health, Denver, Colorado

Childhood Asthma

Barbara Cromer, MD
Professor of Pediatrics, Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, MetroHealth Medical Center, Cleveland, Ohio

Adolescent Development; Delivery of Health Care to Adolescents; The Breast; Menstrual Problems; Contraception

James E. Crowe Jr., MD
Professor, Department of Pediatrics, Microbiology, and Immunology, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, Tennessee

Respiratory Syncytial Virus; Human Metapneumovirus

Natoshia Raishevich Cunningham, MS
Doctoral Candidate, Clinical Psychology, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Cincinnati, Ohio

Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder

Steven J. Czinn, MD
Professor and Chair, Department of Pediatrics, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland

Peptic Ulcer Disease in Children

Toni Darville, MD
Chief, Division of Infectious Diseases, Professor of Pediatrics and Immunology, Children’s Hospital of Pittsburgh at UPMC, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

Neisseria gonorrhoeae (Gonococcus)

Robert S. Daum, MD, CM
Professor of Pediatrics, Microbiology, and Molecular Medicine, The University of Chicago Medical Center, Department of Pediatrics, Section of Infectious Diseases, Chicago, Illinois

Haemophilus influenzae

Richard S. Davidson, MD
Associate Professor of Orthopaedic Surgery, The Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

The Foot and Toes; Leg-Length Discrepancy; Arthrogryposis

H. Dele Davies, MD, MS, MHCM
Professor and Chair, Department of Pediatrics and Human Development, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan

Chancroid (Haemophilus ducreyi); Syphilis (Treponema pallidum); Nonvenereal Treponemal Infections; Leptospira; Relapsing Fever (Borrelia)

Peter S. Dayan, MD, MSc
Associate Director and Fellowship Director, Division of Pediatric Emergency Medicine, Morgan Stanley Children’s Hospital of New York–Presbyterian, New York, New York

Acute Care of the Victim of Multiple Trauma

Michael R. DeBaun, MD, MPH
Professor of Pediatrics and Medicine, J.C. Peterson Professor, Vice Chair for Clinical Research, Pediatrics Director, Vanderbilt-Meharry Center of Excellence in Sickle Cell Disease, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee

Hemoglobinopathies

Guenet H. Degaffe, MD
Fellow—PGY 6, Department of Pediatric Infectious Diseases, University of Texas Houston Medical School, Department of Pediatrics, Houston, Texas

Aeromonas and Plesiomonas

David R. DeMaso, MD
Psychiatrist-in-Chief and Chairman of Psychiatry, Children’s Hospital Boston; The Leon Eisenberg Chair in Psychiatry, Children’s Hospital Boston; Professor of Psychiatry and Pediatrics, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts

Assessment and Interviewing; Psychologic Treatment of Children and Adolescents; Psychosomatic Illness; Rumination, Pica, and Elimination (Enuresis, Encopresis) Disorders; Habit and Tic Disorders; Mood Disorders; Suicide and Attempted Suicide; Disruptive Behavioral Disorders; Pervasive Developmental Disorders and Childhood Psychosis

Mark R. Denison, MD
Professor of Pediatrics, Microbiology and Immunology, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, Tennessee

Coronaviruses

Arlene E. Dent, MD, PhD
Assistant Professor, Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, Rainbow Babies & Children’s Hospital, Pediatric Infectious Diseases, RBC, Center for Global Health & Diseases, Cleveland, Ohio

Ascariasis (Ascaris lumbricoides); Trichuriasis (Trichuris trichiura); Enterobiasis (Enterobius vermicularis); Strongyloidiasis (Strongyloides stercoralis); Lymphatic Filariasis (Brugia malayi, Brugia timori, and Wuchereria bancrofti); Other Tissue Nematodes; Toxocariasis (Visceral and Ocular Larva Migrans); Trichinosis (Trichinella spiralis)

Nirupama K. DeSilva, MD
Assistant Professor, Resident Program Director; Director, Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology, University of Oklahoma-Tulsa, Tulsa, Oklahoma

Breast Concerns

Robert J. Desnick, PhD, MD
Dean for Genetics and Genomics; Professor and Chairman, Department of Genetics and Genomic Sciences, Mount Sinai School of Medicine; Physician-in-Chief, Department of Medical Genetics and Genomics, The Mount Sinai Hospital, New York, New York

Defects in Metabolism of Lipids; Defects in Metabolism of Carbohydrates; The Porphyrias

Gabrielle deVeber, MD
Professor of Paediatrics, University of Toronto; Senior Scientist, Hospital for Sick Children Research Institute; Director, Children’s Stroke Program and Staff Neurologist, Division of Neurology, Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Pediatric Stroke Syndromes

Esi Morgan DeWitt, MD, MSCE
Assistant Professor, Division of Pediatric Rheumatology, Division of Health Policy and Clinical Effectiveness, Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio

Treatment of Rheumatic Diseases; Sarcoidosis

Chetan Anil Dhamne, MD
Fellow, Pediatric Hematology Oncology, University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas

Neoplasms of the Kidney

Anil Dhawan, Prof.MD, FRCPCH
Professor of Paediatric Hepatology, Pediatric Liver, GI, and Nutrition Centre, King’s College London School of Medicine, King’s College Hospital NSH Foundation Trust, Denmark Hill, London

Liver and Biliary Disorders Causing Malabsorption

Harry Dietz III, MD
Victor A. McKusick Professor of Medicine and Genetics, Department of Pediatrics, Institute of Genetic Medicine; Investigator, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland

Marfan Syndrome

Lydia J. Donoghue, MD
CHM Department of Pediatric Surgery, Wayne State University, Detroit, Michigan

Tumors of the Digestive Tract

Patricia A. Donohoue, MD
Professor and Chief of Pediatric Endocrinology and Diabetes, Department of Pediatrics, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisconsin

Development and Function of the Gonads; Hypofunction of the Testes; Pseudoprecocity Resulting from Tumors of the Testes; Gynecomastia; Hypofunction of the Ovaries; Pseudoprecocity Due to Lesions of the Ovary; Disorders of Sex Development

Mary K. Donovan, RN, CS, PNP
Pediatric Nurse Practitioner, Shriners Hospital for Children, Shriners Burns Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts

Burn Injuries; Cold Injuries

John P. Dormans, MD
Professor of Orthopedic Surgery, Department of Orthopedics, University of Pennsylvania, The Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Growth and Development; Evaluation of the Child; The Hip; The Spine; The Neck; Common Fractures

Daniel A. Doyle, MD
Associate Professor of Pediatrics, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; Staff Endocrinologist, Alfred I. duPont Hospital for Children, Wilmington, Delaware

Hormones and Peptides of Calcium Homeostasis and Bone Metabolism; Hypoparathyroidism; Pseudohypoparathyroidism (Albright Hereditary Osteodystrophy); Hyperparathyroidism

Jefferson Doyle, MBBChir, MHS, MA(Oxon)
Post-Doctoral Fellow, Institute of Genetic Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland

Marfan Syndrome

Stephen C. Dreskin, MD, PhD
Professor of Medicine and Immunology, Division of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, Colorado

Urticaria (Hives) and Angioedema

Denis S. Drummond, MD, FRCS(C)
The Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, Professor of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Arthrogryposis

Howard Dubowitz, MD, MS
Professor of Pediatrics; Director, Center for Families; Chief, Division of Child Protection, Department of Pediatrics, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland

Abused and Neglected Children

J. Stephen Dumler, MD
Professor, Division of Medical Microbiology, Department of Pathology, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, Maryland

Spotted Fever and Transitional Group Rickettsioses; Scrub Typhus (Orientia tsutsugamushi); Typhus Group Rickettsioses; Ehrlichioses and Anaplasmosis; Q Fever (Coxiella burnetii)

Janet Duncan, RN, MSN, CPNP, CPON
Nursing Director, Pediatric Palliative Care Division, Children’s Hospital Boston and Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, Massachusetts

Pediatric Palliative Care

Paula M. Duncan, MD
Professor, Department of Pediatrics, University of Vermont, Burlington, Vermont

Maximizing Children’s Health: Screening, Anticipatory Guidance, and Counseling

LauraLe Dyner, MD
Assistant Professor, Lucile Packard Children’s Hospital at Stanford, Stanford University, Palo Alto, California

Central Nervous System Infections; Brain Abscess

Michael G. Earing, MD
Associate Professor of Internal Medicine and Pediatrics, Divisions of Adult Cardiovascular Medicine and Pediatric Cardiology, Children’s Hospital of Wisconsin, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisconsin

Congenital Heart Disease in Adults

Elizabeth A. Edgerton, MD, MPH, FAAP
Division of Emergency Medicine, Children’s National Medical Center, Washington, District of Columbia

Interfacility Transport of the Seriously Ill or Injured Pediatric Patient

Marie Egan, MD
Associate Professor, Departments of Pediatrics and Cellular and Molecular Physiology, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut

Cystic Fibrosis

Jack S. Elder, MD
Associate Director, Vattikuti Urology Institute; Chief of Urology, Henry Ford Health System, Department of Urology, Children’s Hospital of Michigan, Detroit, Michigan; Clinical Professor of Urology, Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, Cleveland, Ohio

Congenital Anomalies and Dysgenesis of the Kidneys; Urinary Tract Infections; Vesicoureteral Reflux; Obstruction of the Urinary Tract; Anomalies of the Bladder; Neuropathic Bladder; Voiding Dysfunction; Anomalies of the Penis and Urethra; Disorders and Anomalies of the Scrotal Contents; Trauma to the Genitourinary Tract; Urinary Lithiasis

Sara B. Eleoff, MD
Clinical Instructor in Pediatrics, University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, Rochester, New York

Foster and Kinship Care

Dianne S. Elfenbein, MD
Professor of Pediatrics, Clinical Educator, St. Louis University School of Medicine; Director of Adolescent Medicine, Cardinal Glennon Children’s Medical Center, Department of Pediatrics, St. Louis, Missouri

Adolescent Pregnancy

Stephen C. Eppes, MD
Professor of Pediatrics, Jefferson Medical College; Division Chief, Pediatric Infectious Diseases, Alfred I. duPont Hospital for Children, Wilmington, Delaware

Lyme Disease (Borrelia burgdorferi)

Michele Burns Ewald, MD
Assistant Professor of Pediatrics, Harvard Medical School, Pediatric Emergency Medicine/Toxicology, Children’s Hospital Boston, Boston, Massachusetts

Poisonings

Jessica K. Fairley, MD
Fellow, Division of Infectious Diseases and HIV Medicine, Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, University Hospitals Case Medical Center, Cleveland, Ohio

Health Advice for Children Traveling Internationally

Susan Feigelman, MD
Associate Professor, Department of Pediatrics, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland

Overview and Assessment of Variability; The First Year; The Second Year; The Preschool Years; Middle Childhood

Marianne E. Felice, MD
Professor and Chair, Department of Pediatrics, University of Massachusetts Medical School; Physician-in-Chief, UMass Memorial Children’s Medical Center, Worcester, Massachusetts

Adolescent Pregnancy; Adolescent Rape

Eric I. Felner, MD, MSCR
Associate Professor of Pediatrics, Division of Pediatric Endocrinology, Children’s Healthcare of Atlanta (CHOA); Director, Pediatric Endocrinology Fellowship Program, Emory University School of Medicine; Adjunct Associate Professor of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, School of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, Georgia

Hormones of the Hypothalamus and Pituitary; Hypopituitarism

Edward Fels, MD
Pediatric and Adult Rheumatology, Rheumatology Associates, P.A., Portland, Maine

Vasculitis Syndromes

Thomas Ferkol, MD
Professor of Pediatrics, Cell Biology and Physiology, Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis, St. Louis, Missouri

Primary Ciliary Dyskinesia (Immotile Cilia Syndrome)

Jonathan D. Finder, MD
Professor of Pediatrics, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine; Clinical Director, Division of Pulmonology Medicine, Children’s Hospital of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

Bronchomalacia and Tracheomalacia; Congenital Disorders of the Lung

Kristin N. Fiorino, MD
Assistant Professor, Division of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition, The Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Motility Disorders and Hirschsprung Disease

David M. Fleece, MD
Associate Professor of Clinical Pediatrics, Pediatrics, Temple University School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Sporotrichosis (Sporothrix schenckii)

Patricia M. Flynn, MD
Member, Department of Infectious Diseases, St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital; Professor, Departments of Pediatrics and Preventive Medicine, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, Tennessee

Infection Associated with Medical Devices; Cryptosporidium, Isospora, Cyclospora, and Microsporidia

Joel A. Forman, MD
Associate Professor, Departments of Pediatrics and Preventive Medicine; Vice-Chair for Education and Residency Program Director, Department of Pediatrics, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, New York

Chemical Pollutants

Michael M. Frank, MD
Samuel L. Katz Professor of Pediatrics, Professor of Medicine and Immunology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina

Urticaria (Hives) and Angioedema

Melvin H. Freedman, MD, FRCPC, FAAP
Professor Emeritus, Department of Pediatrics, University of Toronto Faculty of Medicine; Honorary Consultant, Hematology-Oncology, Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

The Inherited Pancytopenias

Melissa Frei-Jones, MD, MSCI
Assistant Professor of Pediatrics, University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, Division of Hematology-Oncology, CHRISTUS Santa Rosa Children’s Hospital, San Antonio, Texas

Hemoglobinopathies

Jared E. Friedman, MD
New York State/American Program, Sackler School of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel

Leg-Length Discrepancy

Sheila Gahagan, MD, MPH
Professor and Chief, Child Development and Community Health, Martin Stein Endowed Chair, Developmental-Behavioral Pediatrics, University of California, San Diego, California; Research Scientist, Center for Human Growth and Development, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan

Overweight and Obesity

Paula Gardiner, MD, MPH
Assistant Professor, Department of Family Medicine, Boston University Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts

Herbs, Complementary Therapies, and Integrative Medicine

Luigi Garibaldi, MD
Professor of Pediatrics; Clinical Director, Division of Pediatric Endocrinology, Children’s Hospital of the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

Physiology of Puberty; Disorders of Pubertal Development

Gregory M. Gauthier, MD, MS
Assistant Professor (CHS), Department of Medicine, Section of Infectious Diseases, University of Wisconsin–Madison, Madison, Wisconsin

Blastomycosis (Blastomyces dermatitidis)

Abraham Gedalia, MD
Professor & Chief, Division of Pediatric Rheumatology, Department of Pediatrics, Children’s Hospital of New Orleans, New Orleans, Louisiana

Behcet Disease; Sjogren Syndrome; Hereditary Periodic Fever Syndromes; Amyloidosis

Matthew J. Gelmini, LRT, RRT
Respiratory Care, Children’s Hospital of Michigan, Detroit, Michigan

Long-Term Mechanical Ventilation in the Acutely Ill Child

Michael A. Gerber, MD
Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center, Division of Infectious Diseases, Cincinnati, Ohio

Group A Streptococcus; Non–Group A or B Streptococci

K. Michael Gibson, PhD, FACMG
Professor and Chair, Department of Biological Sciences, Michigan Technological University, Houghton, Michigan

Genetic Disorders of Neurotransmitters

Mark Gibson, MD
Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City, Utah

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome and Hirsutism

Francis Gigliotti, MD
Professor of Pediatrics, Chief of Infectious Diseases; Associate Chair for Academic Affairs, Department of Pediatrics, Infectious Diseases, Microbiology and Immunology, University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, New York

Pneumocystis jirovecii

Walter S. Gilliam, PhD
Associate Professor in Child Psychiatry and Psychology, Yale School of Medicine, Child Study Center, New Haven, Connecticut

Child Care: How Pediatricians Can Support Children and Families

Janet R. Gilsdorf, MD
Robert P. Kelch Research Professor and Director, Pediatric Infectious Diseases, University of Michigan Medical Center, Ann Arbor, Michigan

Neisseria meningitidis (Meningococcus)

Charles M. Ginsburg, MD
Marilyn R. Corrigan Distinguished Chair in Pediatric Research; Senior Associate Dean, University of Texas, Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas

Animal and Human Bites

Frances P. Glascoe, MD, PhD
Department of Pediatrics, Vanderbilt University, Mertztown, Pennsylvania

Developmental-Behavioral Screening and Surveillance

Donald A. Goldmann, MD
Professor of Pediatrics, Harvard Medical School; Professor of Immunology and Infectious Diseases, and Epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health; Senior Associate in Infectious Diseases, Children’s Hospital Boston, Boston, Massachusetts

Diagnostic Microbiology

Denise M. Goodman, MD, MS
Division of Critical Care Medicine, Children’s Memorial Hospital, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois

Wheezing, Bronchiolitis, and Bronchitis

Marc H. Gorelick, MD, MSCE
Professor and Chief, Pediatric Emergency Medicine, Medical College of Wisconsin, Children’s Corporate Center, Milwaukee, Wisconsin

Evaluation of the Sick Child in the Office and Clinic

Gary J. Gosselin, MD
Instructor in Psychiatry, Harvard Medical School; Medical Director, Inpatient Psychiatry, Children’s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts

Habit and Tic Disorders; Pervasive Developmental Disorders and Childhood Psychosis

Jane M. Gould, MD
Attending Physician/Hospital Epidemiologist/Assistant Professor of Pediatrics, Pediatrics/Section of Infectious Diseases, Drexel University School of Medicine/St. Christopher’s Hospital for Children, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Cryptococcus neoformans; Histoplasmosis (Histoplasma capsulatum); Paracoccidioides brasiliensis; Zygomycosis (Mucormycosis)

Olivier Goulet, MD, PhD
Professor of Pediatrics, Pediatric Gastroenterology-Hepatology and Nutrition, Reference Center for Rare Digestive Diseases, Intestinal Failure Rehabilitation Center, H?pital Necker-Enfants Malades/AP-HP, University of Paris V—Ren? Descartes, Paris, France

Other Malabsorptive Syndromes

Dan M. Granoff, MD
Clorox Endowed Chair for Immunobiology and Vaccine Development, Senior Research Scientist and Director, Center for Immunobiology and Vaccine Development, Children’s Hospital Oakland Research Institute, Oakland, California

Neisseria meningitidis (Meningococcus)

Michael Green, MD, MPH
Professor of Pediatrics, Surgery and Clinical & Translational Science, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases, Children’s Hospital of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

Infections in Immunocompromised Persons

Thomas P. Green, MD
Founder’s Board Centennial Professor and Chair, Department of Pediatrics, Northwestern University Medical School, Children’s Memorial Hospital, Chicago, Illinois

Diagnostic Approach to Respiratory Disease; Chronic or Recurrent Respiratory Symptoms; Pulmonary Edema

Larry A. Greenbaum, MD, PhD
Director, Division of Pediatric Nephrology, Emory University and Children’s Healthcare of Atlanta, Atlanta, Georgia

Rickets and Hypervitaminosis D; Vitamin E Deficiency; Vitamin K Deficiency; Micronutrient Mineral Deficiencies; Electrolyte and Acid-Base Disorders; Maintenance and Replacement Therapy; Deficit Therapy

Marie Michelle Grino, MD
Pediatrics, University of Texas Medical Branch, Department of Pediatrics, Galveston, Texas

Aspartic Acid (Canavan Disease)

Andrew B. Grossman, MD
Clinical Assistant Professor of Pediatrics, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine; Attending Physician, Division of GI, Hepatology, and Nutrition, The Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Inflammatory Bowel Disease; Eosinophilic Gastroenteritis

David C. Grossman, MD, MPH
Senior Investigator, Group Health Research Institute; Professor, Health Services; Adjunct Professor, Pediatrics, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington

Injury Control

Alfredo Guarino, MD
Professor of Pediatrics, University of Naples “Federico II”; Chief, Division of Infectious Disease, Department of Pediatrics, University of Naples “Federico II,” Naples, Italy

Chronic Diarrhea

Lisa R. Hackney, MD
Assistant Professor of Pediatrics, University of Rochester Medical Center, Pediatric Hematology/Oncology, Rochester, New York

Hereditary Stomatocytosis; Enzymatic Defects

Gabriel G. Haddad, MD
Chairman, Department of Pediatrics; Professor of Pediatrics & Neurosciences; Physician-in-Chief & Chief Scientific Officer, Rady Children’s Hospital-San Diego, Department of Pediatrics, University of California, San Diego, California

Diagnostic Approach to Respiratory Disease

Joseph Haddad Jr., MD
Director, Pediatric Otolaryngology/Head & Neck Surgery, Morgan Stanley Children’s Hospital of New York–Presbyterian, New York, New York

Congenital Disorders of the Nose; Acquired Disorders of the Nose; Nasal Polyps; General Considerations and Evaluation; Hearing Loss; Congenital Malformations; External Otitis (Otitis Externa); The Inner Ear and Diseases of the Bony Labyrinth; Traumatic Injuries of the Ear and Temporal Bone; Tumors of the Ear and Temporal Bone

Joseph F. Hagan Jr., MD, FAAP
Clinical Professor in Pediatrics, University of Vermont College of Medicine; Hagan and Rinehart Pediatricians, PLLC, Burlington, Vermont

Maximizing Children’s Health: Screening, Anticipatory Guidance, and Counseling

Scott B. Halstead, MD
Director, Supportive Research and Development, Pediatric Dengue Vaccine Initiative, International Vaccine Institute, Seoul, Korea

Arboviral Encephalitis in North America; Arboviral Encephalitis outside North America; Dengue Fever and Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever; Yellow Fever; Other Viral Hemorrhagic Fevers; Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome

Margaret R. Hammerschlag, MD
Professor of Pediatrics and Medicine; Director, Division of Pediatric Infectious Diseases, SUNY Downstate Medical Center, Brooklyn, New York

Chlamydophila pneumoniae; Chlamydia trachomatis; Psittacosis (Chlamydophila psittaci)

Aaron Hamvas, MD
Professor, Department of Pediatrics, Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis, St. Louis Children’s Hospital, St. Louis, Missouri

Pulmonary Alveolar Proteinosis; Inherited Disorders of Surfactant Metabolism

James C. Harris, MD
Professor of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Pediatrics, and Mental Hygiene; Director, Developmental Neuropsychiatry, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, Maryland

Disorders of Purine and Pyrimidine Metabolism

Mary E. Hartman, MD, MPH
Assistant Professor of Pediatrics, Pediatrics/Pediatric Critical Care Medicine, Duke Children’s Hospital, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina

Pediatric Emergencies and Resuscitation

David B. Haslam, MD
Associate Professor of Pediatrics and Molecular Microbiology, Division of Infectious Diseases, Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis, St. Louis, Missouri

Enterococcus

Fern R. Hauck, MD, MS
Professor of Family Medicine and Public Health Sciences; Director, International Family Medicine Clinic, Department of Family Medicine and Public Health Sciences, University of Virginia Health System, Charlottesville, Virginia

Sudden Infant Death Syndrome

Gregory F. Hayden, MD
Professor, Department of Pediatrics, University of Virginia School of Medicine; Attending Physician, University of Virginia Children’s Hospital, Charlottesville, Virginia

The Common Cold; Acute Pharyngitis

Jacqueline T. Hecht, MS, PhD
Professor and Vice Chair for Research, Department of Pediatrics, University of Texas Medical School at Houston, Houston, Texas

General Considerations; Disorders Involving Cartilage Matrix Proteins; Disorders Involving Transmembrane Receptors; Disorders Involving Ion Transporters; Disorders Involving Transcription Factors; Disorders Involving Defective Bone Resorption; Disorders for Which Defects Are Poorly Understood or Unknown

Sabrina M. Heidemann, MD
Professor of Pediatrics, Wayne State University, Detroit, Michigan

Respiratory Pathophysiology and Regulation

J. Owen Hendley, MD
Professor of Pediatrics, Department of Pediatrics, University of Virginia Health System, Charlottesville, Virginia

Sinusitis; Retropharyngeal Abscess, Lateral Pharyngeal (Parapharyngeal) Abscess, and Peritonsillar Cellulitis/Abscess

Fred M. Henretig, MD
Professor, Pediatrics and Emergency Medicine, The Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, Division of Emergency Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Biologic and Chemical Terrorism

Gloria P. Heresi, MD
Professor, Pediatric Infectious Diseases, The University of Texas Health Science Center, Houston, Texas

Campylobacter; Yersinia; Aeromonas and Plesiomonas

Andrew D. Hershey, MD, PhD, FAHS
Professor of Pediatrics and Neurology, University of Cincinnati; Director, Headache Center; Associate Director, Neurology Research, Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center, University of Cincinnati, College of Medicine, Cincinnati, Ohio

Headaches

Cynthia E. Herzog, MD
Professor, Division of Pediatrics, University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas

Retinoblastoma; Gonadal and Germ Cell Neoplasms; Neoplasms of the Liver; Benign Vascular Tumors; Rare Tumors

Jessica Hochberg, MD
Assistant Professor of Pediatrics, New York Medical College, Maria Ferari Children’s Hospital, Valhalla, New York

Lymphoma

Lauren D. Holinger, MD, FAAP, FACS
Professor, Department of Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine; Paul H. Holinger, MD, Professor, Head, Division of Otolaryngology, Department of Surgery, The Children’s Memorial Hospital, Chicago, Illinois

Congenital Anomalies of the Larynx, Trachea, and Bronchi; Foreign Bodies of the Airway; Laryngotracheal Stenosis and Subglottic Stenosis; Neoplasms of the Larynx, Trachea, and Bronchi

Jeffrey D. Hord, MD
Director, Pediatric Hematology/Oncology; Professor of Pediatrics, NEOUCOMP, Akron, Ohio

The Acquired Pancytopenias

B. David Horn, MD
Assistant Professor of Clinical Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Division of Orthopaedic Surgery, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

The Hip

William A. Horton, MD
Director of Research, Shriners Hospital for Children; Professor of Molecular & Medical Genetics, Oregon Health & Sciences University, Portland, Oregon

General Considerations; Disorders Involving Cartilage Matrix Proteins; Disorders Involving Transmembrane Receptors; Disorders Involving Ion Transporters; Disorders Involving Transcription Factors; Disorders Involving Defective Bone Resorption; Disorders for Which Defects Are Poorly Understood or Unknown

Harish S. Hosalkar, MD
Attending Orthopedic Surgeon, Clinical Professor of Orthopedic Surgery, School of Medicine, UCSD; Co-Director of International Center for Pediatric and Adolescent Hip Disorders; Director Hip Research Program, Pediatric Hip and Trauma Specialist, AONA Faculty for Pediatric Orthopedic Trauma, Rady Children’s Hospital, UCSD, San Diego, California

The Foot and Toes; Arthrogryposis

Hidekazu Hosono, MD
Pediatric Endocrinology Fellow, UCLA-Mattel Children’s Hospital, Los Angeles, California

Hyperpituitarism, Tall Stature, and Overgrowth Syndromes

Peter J. Hotez, MD, PhD
Distinguished Research Professor & Chair, Department of Microbiology, Immunology, and Tropical Medicine, George Washington University, Washington, District of Columbia

Hookworms (Necator americanus and Ancylostoma spp.)

Michelle S. Howenstine, MD
Professor of Clinical Pediatrics, Section of Pediatric Pulmonology, Critical Care and Pediatric Allergy; Center Director, Cystic Fibrosis Center, James Whitcomb Riley Hospital for Children, Indianapolis, Indiana

Interstitial Lung Diseases

Heather G. Huddleston, MD
Assistant Professor, University of California, San Francisco, Division of Reproductive Endocrine and Infertility, Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences, San Francisco, California

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome and Hirsutism

Vicki Huff, PhD
Professor, Department of Genetics, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas

Neoplasms of the Kidney

Denise Hug, MD
Assistant Professor of Ophthalmology, University of Missouri–Kansas City School of Medicine, Kansas City, Missouri

Growth and Development; Examination of the Eye; Abnormalities of Refraction and Accommodation; Disorders of Vision; Abnormalities of Pupil and Iris; Disorders of Eye Movement and Alignment; Abnormalities of the Lids; Disorders of the Lacrimal System; Disorders of the Conjunctiva; Abnormalities of the Cornea; Abnormalities of the Lens; Disorders of the Uveal Tract; Disorders of the Retina and Vitreous; Abnormalities of the Optic Nerve; Childhood Glaucoma; Orbital Abnormalities; Orbital Infections; Injuries to the Eye

Winston W. Huh, MD
Assistant Professor of Pediatrics, University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Division of Pediatrics, Houston, Texas

Gonadal and Germ Cell Neoplasms

Carl E. Hunt, MD
Research Professor of Pediatrics, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Chevy Chase, Maryland

Sudden Infant Death Syndrome

Anna Klaudia Hunter, MD
Fellow, Department of Pediatrics, Division of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition, Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Pyloric Stenosis and Other Congenital Anomalies of the Stomach

Patricia Ibeziako, MD
Director, Pediatric Psychiatry Consultation Service, Children’s Hospital Boston; Instructor in Psychiatry, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts

Psychosomatic Illness

Richard F. Jacobs, MD, FAAP
Robert H. Fiser, Jr., M.D. Endowed Chair in Pediatrics; Professor and Chair, Department of Pediatrics, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Arkansas Children’s Hospital, Little Rock, Arkansas

Actinomyces; Nocardia; Tularemia (Francisella tularensis); Brucella

Peter Jensen, MD
President and CEO, The REACH Institute; New York, New York; Co-Director, Division of Child Psychiatry & Psychology, The Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota

Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder

Hal B. Jenson, MD, MBA
Chief Academic Officer, Baystate Medical Center; Professor of Pediatrics, and Dean, Western Campus of Tufts University School of Medicine, Springfield, Massachusetts

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome; Epstein-Barr Virus; Human T-Lymphotropic Viruses (1 and 2)

Chandy C. John, MD
Director, Center for Global Pediatrics; Professor of Pediatrics and Medicine, University of Minnesota Medical School, Minneapolis, Minnesota

Health Advice for Children Traveling Internationally; Giardiasis and Balantidiasis; Malaria (Plasmodium)

Michael V. Johnston, MD
Professor of Neurology, Pediatrics and Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine; Blum-Moser Chair for Pediatric Neurology, Kennedy Krieger Institute, Baltimore, Maryland

Congenital Anomalies of the Central Nervous System; Encephalopathies

Richard B. Johnston Jr., MD
Professor of Pediatrics; Associate Dean for Research Development, University of Colorado School of Medicine—National Jewish Health, Aurora, Colorado

Monocytes, Macrophages, and Dendritic Cells; The Complement System; Disorders of the Complement System

Bridgette L. Jones, MD
Assistant Professor of Pediatrics, Pediatric Clinical Pharmacology and Allergy/Asthma/Immunology, Children’s Mercy Hospital and Clinics, University of Missouri–Kansas City School of Medicine, Kansas City, Missouri

Principles of Drug Therapy

James F. Jones, MD
Research Medical Officer/Chronic Viral Diseases Branch, Division of High-Consequence Pathogens and Pathology, National Center for Emerging and Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Marsha Joselow, BS, MFA, MSW
LICSW, Social Worker; Social Work Fellowship Director, Pediatric Advanced Care Team, Children’s Hospital Boston and Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, Massachusetts

Pediatric Palliative Care

Anupama Kalaskar, MD
Pediatric Infectious Disease Fellow, Department of Pediatrics, University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, Houston, Texas

Yersinia

Linda Kaljee, PhD
Associate Professor, The Carman and Ann Adams Department of Pediatrics, Wayne State University, School of Medicine, Detroit, Michigan

Cultural Issues in Pediatric Care

Deepak Kamat, MD, PhD, FAAP
Professor and Vice Chair of Education, Department of Pediatrics, Wayne State University School of Medicine, Children’s Hospital of Michigan, Detroit, Michigan

Fever; Fever without a Focus

Alvina R. Kansra, MD
Assistant Professor, Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism, Department of Pediatrics, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisconsin

Hypofunction of the Ovaries; Pseudoprecocity Due to Lesions of the Ovary

Sheldon L. Kaplan, MD
Professor and Vice-Chairman for Clinical Affairs; Head, Section of Infectious Diseases, Department of Pediatrics, Baylor College of Medicine; Chief, Infectious Disease Service, Texas Children’s Hospital, Houston, Texas

Osteomyelitis; Septic Arthritis

Emily R. Katz, MD
Assistant Professor of Psychiatry and Human Behavior (Clinical), Alpert Medical School, Brown University; Director, Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Consultation/Liaison Service, Hasbro Children’s Hospital/Rhode Island Hospital, Providence, Rhode Island

Rumination, Pica, and Elimination (Enuresis, Encopresis) Disorders

James W. Kazura, MD
Professor of International Health and Medicine, Center for Global Health and Diseases, Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, Cleveland, Ohio

Ascariasis (Ascaris lumbricoides); Trichuriasis (Trichuris trichiura); Enterobiasis (Enterobius vermicularis); Strongyloidiasis (Strongyloides stercoralis); Lymphatic Filariasis (Brugia malayi, Brugia timori, and Wuchereria bancrofti); Other Tissue Nematodes; Toxocariasis (Visceral and Ocular Larva Migrans); Trichinosis (Trichinella spiralis)

Virginia Keane, MD
Associate Professor of Pediatrics, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland

Assessment of Growth

Gregory L. Kearns, PharmD, PhD
Marion Merrell Dow/Missouri Chair of Medical Research; Professor of Pediatrics and Pharmacology, University of Missouri–Kansas City; Chairman, Department of Medical Research; Associate Chairman, Department of Pediatrics; Director, Pediatric Pharmacology Research Unit, Children’s Mercy Hospitals and Clinics, Kansas City, Missouri

Principles of Drug Therapy

Desmond P. Kelly, MD
Medical Director, Division of Developmental-Behavioral Pediatrics; Vice Chair for Academics, Children’s Hospital, Greenville Hospital System; GHS Professor of Clinical Pediatrics, University of South Carolina School of Medicine, Columbia, South Carolina

Neurodevelopmental Function and Dysfunction in the School-Aged Child

Judith Kelsen, MD
Attending, Pediatric Gastroenterology, The Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Foreign Bodies and Bezoars

Kathi J. Kemper, MD, MPH, FAAP
Caryl J. Guth Chair for Complementary and Integrative Medicine; Professor, Pediatrics and Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, North Carolina

Herbs, Complementary Therapies, and Integrative Medicine

Melissa Kennedy, MD
Clinical Fellow, Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition, The Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Intestinal Atresia, Stenosis, and Malrotation; Intestinal Duplications, Meckel Diverticulum, and Other Remnants of the Omphalomesenteric Duct; Ileus, Adhesions, Intussusception, and Closed-Loop Obstructions; Malformations; Ascites

Eitan Kerem, MD
Professor and Chair, Department of Pediatrics, Hadassah University Medical Center, Jerusalem, Israel

Impact of Violence on Children

Joseph E. Kerschner, MD, FACS, FAAP
CEO, Children’s Specialty Group; Senior Associate Dean of Clinical Affairs, Medical College of Wisconsin (MCW); Executive Vice President, Children’s Hospital and Health System; Professor and Interim Chair, Department of Otolaryngology (MCW), Children’s Hospital of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisconsin

Otitis Media

Seema Khan, MBBS
Associate Professor of Pediatrics, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; Division of Gastroenterology, Nemours/Alfred I. duPont Hospital for Children, Wilmington, Delaware

Embryology, Anatomy, and Function of the Esophagus; Congenital Anomalies; Obstructing and Motility Disorders of the Esophagus; Dysmotility; Hiatal Hernia; Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease; Eosinophilic Esophagitis and Non-GERD Esophagitis; Esophageal Perforation; Esophageal Varices; Ingestions

Young-Jee Kim, MD
Associate Professor of Pediatrics, Section of Pediatric Pulmonology, Riley Hospital for Children, Indianapolis, Indiana

Interstitial Lung Diseases

Charles H. King, MD
Professor of International Health, Center for Global Health and Diseases, Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, Cleveland, Ohio

Schistosomiasis (Schistosoma); Flukes (Liver, Lung, and Intestinal)

Stephen L. Kinsman, MD
Associate Professor of Neurology, Pediatric Neurology, Department of Neurosciences, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, South Carolina

Congenital Anomalies of the Central Nervous System

Adam Kirton, MD, MSc, FRCPC
Director, Calgary Pediatric Stroke Program; Assistant Professor of Pediatrics and Clinical Neuroscience, Faculty of Medicine, University of Calgary; Pediatric Neurologist, Alberta Children’s Hospital, Calgary, Alberta, Canada

Pediatric Stroke Syndromes

Priya S. Kishnani, MD
Professor of Pediatrics, Division Chief, Medical Genetics, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina

Defects in Metabolism of Carbohydrates

Nora T. Kizer, MD
Gynecologic Oncology Fellow, Division of Gynecologic Oncology, Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis, St. Louis, Missouri

Neoplasms and Adolescent Screening for Human Papilloma Virus

Martin B. Kleiman, MD
Ryan White Professor of Pediatrics, Indiana University School of Medicine, Riley Children’s Hospital, Indianapolis, Indiana

Coccidioidomycosis (Coccidioides species)

Bruce L. Klein, MD
Chief, Division of Transport Medicine, Children’s National Medical Center, Washington, District of Columbia

Emergency Medical Services for Children; Acute Care of the Victim of Multiple Trauma

Bruce S. Klein, MD
Gerard B. Odell Professor, Pediatrics, Medicine and Medical Microbiology and Immunology, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, Wisconsin

Blastomycosis (Blastomyces dermatitidis)

Michael D. Klein, MD
Arvin I. Philippart Endowed Chair in Pediatric Surgical Research; Professor of Surgery, Wayne State University, Children’s Hospital of Michigan, Detroit, Michigan

Anorectal Malformations; Tumors of the Digestive Tract

Robert M. Kliegman, MD
Professor and Chair, Department of Pediatrics, Medical College of Wisconsin; Pediatrician-in-Chief, Pamela and Leslie Muma Chair in Pediatrics, Children’s Hospital of Wisconsin; Executive Vice President, Children’s Research Institute, Milwaukee, Wisconsin

Psychosis Associated with Epilepsy; Dysfluency (Stuttering, Stammering); Cholestasis; Liver Abscess

William C. Koch, MD, FAAP, FIDSA
Associate Professor of Pediatrics, Division of Infectious Diseases, Virginia Commonwealth University School of Medicine; Attending Physician, VCU Children’s Medical Center, Medical College of Virginia Hospitals, Richmond, Virginia

Parvovirus B19

Patrick M. Kochanek, MD
Director, Safar Center for Resuscitation Research; Professor and Vice Chairman, Department of Critical Care Medicine; Professor of Anesthesiology, Clinical and Translational Science, and Pediatrics, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

Neurologic Emergencies and Stabilization

Eric Kodish, MD
F.J. O’Neill Professor and Chairman, Department of Bioethics, The Cleveland Clinic Foundation; Professor of Pediatrics, Lerner College of Medicine, Cleveland, Ohio

Ethics in Pediatric Care

Stephan A. Kohlhoff, MD
Assistant Professor, Department of Pediatrics, SUNY Downstate Medical Center, Brooklyn, New York

Chlamydophila pneumoniae; Psittacosis (Chlamydophila psittaci)

Elliot J. Krane, MD
Professor of Pediatrics and Anesthesia, Stanford University School of Medicine; Chief, Pediatric Pain Management Service, Lucile Packard Children’s Hospital at Stanford, Stanford, California

Pediatric Pain Management

Peter J. Krause, MD
Senior Research Scientist, Yale School of Public Health, New Haven, Connecticut

Malaria (Plasmodium); Babesiosis (Babesia)

Richard E. Kreipe, MD
Professor, Division of Adolescent Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Golisano Children’s Hospital, University of Rochester School of Medicine, Rochester, New York

Eating Disorders

Steven E. Krug, MD
Professor of Pediatrics, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine; Head, Division of Emergency Medicine, Children’s Memorial Hospital, Chicago, Illinois

Emergency Medical Services for Children

John F. Kuttesch Jr., MD, PhD
Director of Clinical Research, Division of Pediatric Hematology/Oncology and Stem Cell Transplantation, Penn State Hershey Children’s Hospital; Professor of Pediatrics, Pennsylvania State University College of Medicine, Hershey, Pennsylvania

Brain Tumors in Childhood

Jennifer M. Kwon, MD, MPH
Associate Professor of Neurology and Pediatrics, University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, New York

Neurodegenerative Disorders of Childhood

Catherine S. Lachenauer, MD
Assistant Professor of Pediatrics, Harvard Medical School; Associate in Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases, Children’s Hospital Boston, Boston, Massachusetts

Group B Streptococcus

Stephan Ladisch, MD
Bosworth Chair in Cancer Biology, Center for Cancer and Immunology Research, Children’s Research Institute; Children’s National Medical Center and Vice Chair, Department of Pediatrics; Professor of Pediatrics and Biochemistry/Molecular Biology, George Washington University School of Medicine, Washington, District of Columbia

Histiocytosis Syndromes of Childhood

Stephen LaFranchi, MD
Professor, Department of Pediatrics, Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, Oregon

Thyroid Development and Physiology; Defects of Thyroxine-Binding Globulin; Hypothyroidism; Thyroiditis; Goiter; Hyperthyroidism; Carcinoma of the Thyroid

Oren Lakser, MD
Assistant Professor of Pediatrics, Medical College of Wisconsin; Pediatric Pulmonologist, Children’s Physician Group—Illinois, Gurnee, Illinois

Parenchymal Disease with Prominent Hypersensitivity, Eosinophilic Infiltration, or Toxin-Mediated Injury; Bronchiectasis; Pulmonary Abscess

Marc B. Lande, MD, MPH
Associate Professor, Pediatric Nephrology, University of Rochester, School of Medicine and Dentistry, Rochester, New York

Systemic Hypertension

Philip J. Landrigan, MD, MSc
Ethel H. Wise Professor and Chairman, Department of Preventive Medicine; Professor of Pediatrics; Director, Children’s Environmental Health Center; Dean for Global Health, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, New York

Chemical Pollutants

Gregory L. Landry, MD
Professor, Department of Pediatrics, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison, Wisconsin

Epidemiology and Prevention of Injuries; Management of Musculoskeletal Injury; Head and Neck Injuries; Heat Injuries; Female Athletes: Menstrual Problems and the Risk of Osteopenia; Performance-Enhancing Aids; Specific Sports and Associated Injuries

Wendy G. Lane, MD, MPH
Assistant Professor, Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine and Department of Pediatrics, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland

Abused and Neglected Children

Philip S. LaRussa, MD
Professor of Clinical Pediatrics, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, New York, New York

Varicella-Zoster Virus Infections

Brendan Lee, MD, PhD
Professor, Department of Molecular and Human Genetics, Baylor College of Medicine; Houston, Texas; Investigator, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Chevy Chase, Maryland

Integration of Genetics into Pediatric Practice; The Genetic Approach in Pediatric Medicine; The Human Genome; Patterns of Genetic Transmission; Cytogenetics; Genetics of Common Disorders

Chul Lee, PhD
Professor, Department of Preventive Medicine and Community Health, The University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, Texas

The Porphyrias

K. Jane Lee, MD, MA
Assistant Professor of Pediatrics, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisconsin

Brain Death

J. Steven Leeder, PharmD, PhD
Marion Merrell Dow/Missouri Endowed Chair in Pediatric Clinical Pharmacology; Chief, Division of Clinical Pharmacology and Medical Toxicology, Children’s Mercy Hospital, Kansas City, Missouri

Pediatric Pharmacogenetics, Pharmacogenomics, and Pharmacoproteomics

Rebecca K. Lehman, MD
Instructor of Neurology & Pediatrics, University of Rochester Medical Center, Division of Child Neurology, Strong Memorial Hospital, Rochester, New York

Neurologic Evaluation

Michael J. Lentze, MD
Professor of Pediatrics, Zentrum f?r Kinderheilkunde, University Hospitals Bonn/Germany, Bonn, Germany

Disorders of Malabsorption

Norma B. Lerner, MD, MPH
Chief, Section of Hematology, St. Christopher’s Hospital for Children, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

The Anemias; Congenital Hypoplastic Anemia (Diamond-Blackfan Anemia); Pearson’s Syndrome; Acquired Pure Red Blood Cell Anemia; Anemia of Chronic Disease and Renal Disease; Congenital Dyserythropoietic Anemias; Physiologic Anemia of Infancy; Megaloblastic Anemias; Iron-Deficiency Anemia

Steven Lestrud, MD
Department of Pediatrics, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, Illinois

Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia

Donald Y.M. Leung, MD, PhD
Professor of Pediatrics, University of Colorado Medical School; Edelstein Family Chair of Pediatric Allergy-Immunology, National Jewish Health, Denver, Colorado

Allergy and the Immunologic Basis of Atopic Disease; Diagnosis of Allergic Disease; Principles of Treatment of Allergic Disease; Allergic Rhinitis; Childhood Asthma; Atopic Dermatitis (Atopic Eczema); Insect Allergy; Ocular Allergies; Urticaria (Hives) and Angioedema; Anaphylaxis; Serum Sickness; Adverse Reactions to Foods; Adverse Reactions to Drugs

Chris A. Liacouras, MD
Professor of Pediatrics, Division of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition, The Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, The University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Normal Digestive Tract Phenomena; Major Symptoms and Signs of Digestive Tract Disorders; Normal Development, Structure, and Function; Pyloric Stenosis and Other Congenital Anomalies of the Stomach; Intestinal Atresia, Stenosis, and Malrotation; Intestinal Duplications, Meckel Diverticulum, and Other Remnants of the Omphalomesenteric Duct; Motility Disorders and Hirschsprung Disease; Ileus, Adhesions, Intussusception, and Closed-Loop Obstructions; Foreign Bodies and Bezoars; Functional Abdominal Pain (Nonorganic Chronic Abdominal Pain); Malformations; Ascites

Susanne Liewer, PharmD, BCOP
Assistant Professor, Adjunct Title Series, Division of Pharmacy Practice & Science, University of Kansas School of Pharmacy; Assistant Clinical Professor, Adjunct Title Series, Division of Pharmacy Practice & Science, University of Missouri–Kansas City School of Pharmacy; Clinical Pharmacy Manager, Clinical Pharmacy Specialist, Stem Cell Transplant, Children’s Mercy Hospital, Kansas City, Missouri

Principles of Drug Therapy

Andrew H. Liu, MD
Associate Professor, Department of Pediatrics, National Jewish Health, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, Colorado

Childhood Asthma

Stanley F. Lo, PhD
Associate Professor, Pediatric Pathology, Children’s Hospital of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisconsin

Laboratory Testing in Infants and Children; Reference Intervals for Laboratory Tests and Procedures

Franco Locatelli, MD
Full Professor of Pediatrics, IRCCS Ospedale Bambino Ges?, University of Pavia, Rome, Italy

Principles and Clinical Indications; HSCT from Alternative Sources and Donors; Graft Versus Host Disease (GVHD) and Rejection; Infectious Complications of HSCT; Late Effects of HSCT

Sarah S. Long, MD
Professor of Pediatrics, Drexel University College of Medicine; Chief, Section of Infectious Diseases, St. Christopher’s Hospital for Children, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Pertussis (Bordetella pertussis and Bordetella parapertussis)

Anna Lena Lopez, MD, MPH, FAAP
Director, Scientific Affairs, Asia-Pacific, Pfizer, Inc., Hong Kong

Cholera

Steven V. Lossef, MD
Associate Professor of Radiology; Director, Pediatric Interventional Radiology, Children’s National Medical Center, Washington, District of Columbia

Pleurisy, Pleural Effusions, and Empyema; Pneumothorax; Hydrothorax; Hemothorax; Chylothorax

Jennifer A. Lowry, MD
Division of Clinical Pharmacology and Medical Toxicology, Children’s Mercy Hospital; Assistant Professor, Department of Pediatrics, University of Missouri–Kansas City School of Medicine, Kansas City, Missouri

Principles of Drug Therapy

Kerith Lucco, MD
Clinical Instructor, Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences, UCSF, San Francisco General Hospital; Volunteer Clinical Faculty, UCSF, San Francisco General Hospital, San Francisco, California

History and Physical Examination

G. Reid Lyon, PhD
Distinguished Professor and Chairman, Department of Education Policy and Leadership, Southern Methodist University; Distinguished Scientist in Cognition and Neuroscience, Center for Brain Health, University of Texas, Dallas, Texas

Dyslexia

Prashant V. Mahajan, MD, MPH, MBA
Division Chief and Research Director, Pediatric Emergency Medicine; Associate Professor of Pediatrics and Emergency Medicine, Carman and Ann Adams Department of Pediatrics, Children’s Hospital of Michigan, Detroit, Michigan

Heavy Metal Intoxication

Akhil Maheshwari, MD
Associate Professor of Pediatrics; Director, Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Illinois

Respiratory Tract Disorders; Digestive System Disorders; Blood Disorders

Joseph A. Majzoub, MD
Professor of Pediatrics and Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Chief, Division of Endocrinology, Children’s Hospital Boston, Boston, Massachusetts

Diabetes Insipidus; Other Abnormalities of Arginine Vasopressin Metabolism and Action

Asim Maqbool, MD
Assistant Professor of Pediatrics, Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition, The Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Nutritional Requirements

Ashley M. Maranich, MD
Staff, Pediatric Infectious Disease, San Antonio Military Medical Consortium, San Antonio, Texas

Malassezia

Mona Marin, MD
Medical Epidemiologist, Division of Viral Diseases, National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia

Varicella-Zoster Virus Infections

Joan C. Marini, MD, PhD
Chief, Bone and Extracellular Matrix Branch, National Institute for Child Health and Development, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland

Osteogenesis Imperfecta

Morri Markowitz, MD
Professor of Pediatrics, Albert Einstein College of Medicine; Clinical Director, Division of Pediatric Environmental Sciences, The Children’s Hospital at Montefiore, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, New York

Lead Poisoning

Kevin P. Marks, MD
General Pediatrician, PeaceHealth Medical Group; Assistant Clinical Professor, Oregon Health & Sciences University School of Medicine, Eugene, Oregon

Developmental-Behavioral Screening and Surveillance

Stacene R. Maroushek, MD, PhD, MPH
Assistant Professor of Pediatrics, Pediatric Infectious Diseases and General Pediatrics, Hennepin County Medical Center, Minneapolis, Minnesota

Adoption; Principles of Antimycobacterial Therapy

Wilbert H. Mason, MD, MPH
Chief Medical Quality Officer; Former Head, Division of Infectious Diseases, Children’s Hospital of Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California

Measles; Rubella; Mumps

Christopher Mastropietro, MD
Assistant Professor of Pediatrics, Wayne State University, Carman and Ann Adams Department of Pediatrics, Division of Critical Care, Children’s Hospital of Michigan, Detroit, Michigan

Mechanical Ventilation

Kimberlee M. Matalon, MD, PhD
Professor of Pediatrics, Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, Texas

Aspartic Acid (Canavan Disease)

Reuben K. Matalon, MD, PhD
Professor of Pediatrics and Genetics, University of Texas Children’s Hospital, Galveston, Texas

Aspartic Acid (Canavan Disease)

Robert Mazor, MD
Clinical Assistant Professor of Pediatrics, Division of Critical Care Medicine, Seattle Children’s Hospital, Seattle, Washington

Pulmonary Edema

Susanna A. McColley, MD
Head, Division of Pulmonary Medicine; Director, Cystic Fibrosis Center, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Children’s Memorial Hospital, Chicago, Illinois

Pulmonary Tumors; Extrapulmonary Diseases with Pulmonary Manifestations

Margaret M. McGovern, MD, PhD
Professor and Chair, Department of Pediatrics, Stony Brook University Medical Center, Stony Brook, New York

Defects in Metabolism of Lipids; Defects in Metabolism of Carbohydrates

Heather S. McLean, MD
Assistant Professor, Division of Hospital and Emergency Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina

Failure to Thrive

Rima McLeod, MD
Professor, Departments of Surgery (Visual Sciences) and Pediatrics (Infectious Diseases); Committees on Molecular Medicine, Immunology and Genetics, and Institute of Genomics and Systems Biology, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois

Toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)

Peter C. Melby, MD
Director, Center for Tropical Diseases; Professor, Internal Medicine (Infectious Diseases), Microbiology and Immunology, and Pathology, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, Texas

Leishmaniasis (Leishmania)

Joseph John Melvin, DO, JD
Assistant Professor, Child Neurology, Alfred I. DuPont Hospital for Children: Nemours Foundation, Wilmington, Delaware

Phenylalanine

Diane F. Merritt, MD
Professor, Obstetrics and Gynecology, Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis, St. Louis, Missouri

History and Physical Examination; Vulvovaginitis; Bleeding; Breast Concerns; Neoplasms and Adolescent Screening for Human Papilloma Virus; Vulvovaginal and Mullerian Anomalies

Ethan A. Mezoff, MD
Research Associate, Division of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition, Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio

Clostridium difficile Infection

Marian G. Michaels, MD, MPH
Professor, Pediatrics and Surgery, Division of Pediatric Infectious Diseases, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Children’s Hospital of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

Infections in Immunocompromised Persons

Alexander G. Miethke, MD
Assistant Professor of Pediatrics, Division of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition, Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio

Morphogenesis of the Liver and Biliary System

Mohamad A. Mikati, MD
Wilburt C. Davison Distinguished Professor of Pediatrics; Professor of Neurobiology; Chief, Division of Pediatric Neurology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina

Seizures in Childhood; Conditions That Mimic Seizures

Henry Milgrom, MD
Professor, Department of Pediatrics, University of Colorado School of Medicine, National Jewish Health, Aurora, Colorado

Allergic Rhinitis

E. Kathryn Miller, MD, MPH
Assistant Professor, Pediatric Allergy and Immunology, Vanderbilt Children’s Hospital, Nashville, Tennessee

Rhinoviruses

Jonathan W. Mink, MD, PhD
Professor, Departments of Neurology, Neurobiology and Anatomy, Brain and Cognitive Sciences, and Pediatrics, University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, New York

Movement Disorders

Grant A. Mitchell, MD
Professor, Division of Medical Genetics, Department of Pediatrics, CHU Sainte-Justine, University of Montreal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada

Tyrosine

Robert R. Montgomery, MD
Program Director, TS Zimmerman Program for the Molecular and Clinical Biology of VWD; Senior Investigator, Blood Research Institute; Professor of Pediatric Hematology, Department of Pediatrics, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisconsin

Hemostasis; Hereditary Clotting Factor Deficiencies (Bleeding Disorders); von Willebrand Disease; Postneonatal Vitamin K Deficiency; Liver Disease; Acquired Inhibitors of Coagulation; Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation; Platelet and Blood Vessel Disorders

Joseph G. Morelli, MD
Professor of Dermatology and Pediatrics, University of Colorado School of Medicine; Section Head, Pediatric Dermatology, The Children’s Hospital, Aurora, Colorado

Morphology of the Skin; Evaluation of the Patient; Principles of Therapy; Diseases of the Neonate; Cutaneous Defects; Ectodermal Dysplasias; Vascular Disorders; Cutaneous Nevi; Hyperpigmented Lesions; Hypopigmented Lesions; Vesiculobullous Disorders; Eczematous Disorders; Photosensitivity; Disorders of Keratinization; Diseases of the Dermis; Diseases of Subcutaneous Tissue; Disorders of the Sweat Glands; Disorders of Hair; Disorders of the Nails; Disorders of the Mucous Membranes; Cutaneous Fungal Infections; Cutaneous Viral Infections;Arthropod Bites and Infestations; Acne; Tumors of the Skin; Nutritional Dermatoses

Anna-Barbara Moscicki, MD
Professor of Pediatrics; Associate Director, Division of Adolescent Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, California

Human Papillomaviruses

Hugo W. Moser, MD[†]
Professor of Neurology and Pediatrics, Johns Hopkins University; Director of Neurogenetics Research, Kennedy Krieger Institute, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland
†Deceased.

Defects in Metabolism of Lipids

Kathryn D. Moyer, MD
Pediatric gastroenterologist, NW Pediatric Gastroenterology, LLC, Portland, Oregon

Liver Disease Associated with Systemic Disorders

James R. Murphy, PhD
Professor, Department of Pediatrics, University of Texas Health Science Center, Houston, Texas

Campylobacter; Yersinia; Aeromonas and Plesiomonas

Timothy F. Murphy, MD
UB Distinguished Professor, Departments of Medicine and Microbiology, University at Buffalo, State University of New York, Buffalo, New York

Moraxella catarrhalis

Thomas S. Murray, MD, PhD
Assistant Professor, Yale University School of Medicine, Departments of Pediatrics and Laboratory Medicine, Sections of Infectious Disease and Medical Microbiology, New Haven, Connecticut

Pseudomonas, Burkholderia, and Stenotrophomonas

Mindo J. Natale, PsyD
Senior Staff Psychologist; Director of Training; Pediatric, Adolescent and Sports Medicine; Neuropsychologist, Department of Pediatric Services, Division of Psychology; Developmental-Behavioral Pediatrics, Greenville Hospital System Children’s Hospital; Assistant Professor of Clinical Pediatrics, University of South Carolina School of Medicine, Greenville, South Carolina

Neurodevelopmental Function and Dysfunction in the School-Aged Child

William A. Neal, MD
James H. Walker Chair of Pediatric Cardiology, West Virginia University, Morgantown, West Virginia

Defects in Metabolism of Lipids

Jayne Ness, MD, PhD
Associate Professor of Pediatrics, Division of Pediatric Neurology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Children’s Hospital of Alabama, Birmingham, Alabama

Demyelinating Disorders of the CNS

Kathleen A. Neville, MD, MS
Associate Professor of Pediatrics, Divisions of Pediatric Clinical Pharmacology and Medical Toxicology and Pediatric Hematology/Oncology, Children’s Mercy Hospitals and Clinics, Kansas City, Missouri

Pediatric Pharmacogenetics, Pharmacogenomics, and Pharmacoproteomics

Mary A. Nevin, MD, FAAP
Attending Physician, Pulmonary Medicine, Children’s Memorial Hospital, Chicago, Illinois; Assistant Professor of Pediatrics, Northwestern Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois

Pulmonary Hemosiderosis; Pulmonary Embolism, Infarction, and Hemorrhage

Jane W. Newburger, MD, MPH
Commonwealth Professor of Pediatrics, Harvard Medical School; Associate Chief for Academic Affairs, Department of Cardiology, Boston, Massachusetts

Kawasaki Disease

Peter E. Newburger, MD
Ali and John Pierce Professor of Pediatric Hematology/Oncology; Vice Chair for Research, Department of Pediatrics, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, Massachusetts

Neutrophils; Eosinophils; Disorders of Phagocyte Function; Leukopenia; Leukocytosis

Linda S. Nield, MD
Associate Professor of Pediatrics, West Virginia University School of Medicine, Morgantown, West Virginia

Fever; Fever without a Focus

Zehava Noah, MD
Associate Professor, Department of Pediatrics, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Children’s Memorial Hospital, Chicago, Illinois

Chronic Severe Respiratory Insufficiency

Lawrence M. Nogee, MD
Professor of Pediatrics, Division of Neonatology, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, The Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, Maryland

Pulmonary Alveolar Proteinosis; Inherited Disorders of Surfactant Metabolism

Robert L. Norris, MD
Professor of Surgery, Emergency Medicine, Stanford University Medical Center, Palo Alto, California

Envenomations

Stephen K. Obaro, MD, PhD, FWACP, FRCPCH, FAAP
Associate Professor of Pediatrics, Division of Pediatric Infectious Disease, Department of Pediatrics and Human Development, College of Human Medicine, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan

Nonvenereal Treponemal Infections; Relapsing Fever (Borrelia)

Makram Obeid, MD
Child Neurology Resident, Division of Pediatric Neurology, Department of Neurology, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, New York, New York

Conditions That Mimic Seizures

Theresa J. Ochoa, MD
Assistant Professor of Pediatrics, Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Lima, Peru; Assistant Professor of Epidemiology, University of Texas School of Public Health, Houston, Texas

Shigella; Escherichia coli

Katherine A. O’Donnell, MD
Instructor in Pediatrics, Harvard Medical School; Attending Physician, Medical Toxicology and Hospitalist Services, Children’s Hospital Boston, Boston, Massachusetts

Poisonings

Robin K. Ohls, MD
Professor of Pediatrics; Director of Pediatric Integration, CTSC, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico

Development of the Hematopoietic System

Jean-Marie Okwo-Bele, MD, MPH
Director, Immunization, Vaccines and Biologicals Department, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland

Immunization Practices

Keith T. Oldham, MD
Professor and Chief, Division of Pediatric Surgery, Medical College of Wisconsin; Marie Z. Uihlein Chair and Surgeon-in-Chief, Children’s Hospital of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisconsin

Acute Appendicitis; Inguinal Hernias; Epigastric Hernia

Scott E. Olitsky, MD
Professor, Section of Ophthalmology, University of Missouri–Kansas City School of Medicine, Kansas City, Missouri

Growth and Development; Examination of the Eye; Abnormalities of Refraction and Accommodation; Disorders of Vision; Abnormalities of Pupil and Iris; Disorders of Eye Movement and Alignment; Abnormalities of the Lids; Disorders of the Lacrimal System; Disorders of the Conjunctiva; Abnormalities of the Cornea; Abnormalities of the Lens; Disorders of the Uveal Tract; Disorders of the Retina and Vitreous; Abnormalities of the Optic Nerve; Childhood Glaucoma; Orbital Abnormalities; Orbital Infections; Injuries to the Eye

John Olsson, MD
Brody School of Medicine, East Carolina University, Greenville, North Carolina

The Newborn

Susan R. Orenstein, MD
Professor Emerita, Pediatric Gastroenterology, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

Embryology, Anatomy, and Function of the Esophagus; Congenital Anomalies; Obstructing and Motility Disorders of the Esophagus; Dysmotility; Hiatal Hernia; Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease; Eosinophilic Esophagitis and Non-GERD Esophagitis; Esophageal Perforation; Esophageal Varices; Ingestions

Walter A. Orenstein, MD, D.Sc. (Hon)
Deputy Director for Immunization Programs, Vaccine Delivery, Global Health Program, Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, Seattle, Washington

Immunization Practices

Judith A. Owens, MD, MPH
Director, Pediatric Sleep Disorders Clinic, Department of Pediatrics, Hasbro Children’s Hospital, Providence, Rhode Island

Sleep Medicine

Charles H. Packman, MD
Clinical Professor of Medicine, University of North Carolina School of Medicine; Chief, Hematology-Oncology Division, Carolinas Medical Center, Charlotte, North Carolina

Hemolytic Anemias Resulting from Extracellular Factors—Immune Hemolytic Anemias

Michael J. Painter, MD
Division of Child Neurology, Children’s Hospital of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

Progeria

Priya Pais, MBBS, MS
Assistant Professor, Pediatric Nephrology, Department of Pediatrics, Medical College of Wisconsin, Wauwatosa, Wisconsin

Lower Urinary Tract Causes of Hematuria; Introduction to the Child with Proteinuria; Fixed Proteinuria; Nephrotic Syndrome; Cortical Necrosis

Cynthia G. Pan, MD
Professor of Pediatrics; Section Head, Pediatric Nephrology, Medical College of Wisconsin; Medical Director, Pediatric Dialysis and Transplant Services, Children’s Hospital of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisconsin

Introduction to Glomerular Diseases; Clinical Evaluation of the Child with Hematuria; Isolated Glomerular Disease with Recurrent Gross Hematuria; Glomerulonephritis Associated with Infections; Glomerulonephritis Associated with Systemic Lupus Erythematosus

Vijay Pannikar, MD
Former Team Leader, WHO Global Leprosy Programme, Bangalore, Karnataka, India

Hansen Disease (Mycobacterium leprae)

Diane E. Pappas, MD, JD
Associate Professor of Pediatrics, University of Virginia School of Medicine, Charlottesville, Virginia

Sinusitis; Retropharyngeal Abscess, Lateral Pharyngeal (Parapharyngeal) Abscess, and Peritonsillar Cellulitis/Abscess

Anjali Parish, MD
Assistant Professor of Pediatrics, Division of Neonatology, Medical College of Georgia, Augusta, Georgia

Feeding Healthy Infants, Children, and Adolescents

John S. Parks, MD, PhD
Professor, Department of Pediatrics, Emory University School of Medicine, Decatur, Georgia

Hormones of the Hypothalamus and Pituitary; Hypopituitarism

Laura A. Parks, MD
Assistant Professor, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis, St. Louis, Missouri

Bleeding

Maria Jevitz Patterson, MD, PhD
Professor, Departments of Microbiology/Molecular Genetics and Pediatrics, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan

Syphilis (Treponema pallidum)

Pallavi P. Patwari, MD
Assistant Professor of Pediatrics at Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine; Assistant Director, Center for Autonomic Medicine in Pediatrics (C.A.M.P.), Children’s Memorial Hospital, Chicago, Illinois

Chronic Respiratory Insufficiency

Timothy R. Peters, MD
Assistant Professor of Pediatrics, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, North Carolina

Streptococcus pneumoniae (Pneumococcus)

Larry K. Pickering, MD, FAAP
Senior Advisor to the Director, National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases; Executive Secretary, Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia

Immunization Practices

Misha L. Pless, MD
Associate Professor of Neurology, Harvard Medical School; Chief, Divisions of Neuro-ophthalmology and General Neurology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts

Pseudotumor Cerebri

Laura S. Plummer, MD
Assistant Professor, University of Missouri–Kansas City; Clinical Assistant Professor, Kansas University, Department of Ophthalmology, Children’s Mercy Hospitals and Clinics, Kansas City, Missouri

Growth and Development; Examination of the Eye; Abnormalities of Refraction and Accommodation; Disorders of Vision; Abnormalities of Pupil and Iris; Disorders of Eye Movement and Alignment; Abnormalities of the Lids; Disorders of the Lacrimal System; Disorders of the Conjunctiva; Abnormalities of the Cornea; Abnormalities of the Lens; Disorders of the Uveal Tract; Disorders of the Retina and Vitreous; Abnormalities of the Optic Nerve; Childhood Glaucoma; Orbital Abnormalities; Orbital Infections; Injuries to the Eye

Craig C. Porter, MD
Professor and Vice Chair for Faculty, Department of Pediatrics, Division of Nephrology, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisconsin

Upper Urinary Tract Causes of Hematuria; Hematologic Diseases Causing Hematuria; Anatomic Abnormalities Associated with Hematuria; Transient Proteinuria; Orthostatic (Postural) Proteinuria; Tubulointerstitial Nephritis; Toxic Nephropathy

Dwight A. Powell, MD
Professor of Pediatrics, The Ohio State University College of Medicine, Nationwide Children’s Hospital, Columbus, Ohio

Hansen Disease (Mycobacterium leprae); Mycoplasma pneumoniae; Genital Mycoplasmas (Mycoplasma hominis, Mycoplasma genitalium, and Ureaplasma urealyticum)

David T. Price, MD
Pediatrics/Hospital and Emergency Medicine, Duke University Health System, Durham, North Carolina

Failure to Thrive

Charles G. Prober, MD
Professor of Pediatrics, Microbiology & Immunology; Senior Associate Dean, Medical Education, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California

Central Nervous System Infections; Brain Abscess

Linda Quan, MD
Professor, Division of Emergency Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, Washington

Drowning and Submersion Injury

Elisabeth H. Quint, MD
Clinical Professor, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Michigan Health System, Ann Arbor, Michigan

Gynecologic Care for Girls with Special Needs

C. Egla Rabinovich, MD, MPH
Associate Professor of Pediatrics; Co-Chief, Division of Pediatric Rheumatology, Pediatrics/Rheumatology, Duke University Health System, Durham, North Carolina

Evaluation of Suspected Rheumatic Disease; Treatment of Rheumatic Diseases; Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis; Scleroderma and Raynaud Phenomenon

Leslie J. Raffini, MD, MSCE
Assistant Professor of Pediatrics, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine; Medical Director, Hemostasis and Thrombosis Center, Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Hemostasis; Hereditary Predisposition to Thrombosis; Thrombotic Disorders in Children; Anticoagulant and Thrombolytic Therapy; Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation

Denia Ramirez-Montealegre, MD, MPH, PhD
Pediatric Neurology Chief Resident, Department of Neurology, Division of Child Neurology, University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, New York

Movement Disorders

Giuseppe Raviola, MD
Instructor in Psychiatry, Harvard Medical School; Director, Patient Safety and Quality, Department of Psychiatry, Children’s Hospital Boston, Boston, Massachusetts

Pervasive Developmental Disorders and Childhood Psychosis

Ann M. Reed, MD
Professor of Pediatrics; Chair, Pediatric Rheumatology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota

Juvenile Dermatomyositis

Harold L. Rekate, MD
Chairman, Division of Pediatric Neurosciences, Barrow Neurological Institute; St. Joseph’s Hospital and Medical Center, Phoenix, Arizona

Spinal Cord Disorders

Megan E. Reller, MD, MPH
Assistant Professor of Pathology, Division of Medical Microbiology, Department of Pathology, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland

Spotted Fever and Transitional Group Rickettsioses; Scrub Typhus (Orientia tsutsugamushi); Typhus Group Rickettsioses; Ehrlichioses and Anaplasmosis; Q Fever (Coxiella burnetii)

Gary Remafedi, MD, MPH
Professor of Pediatrics, University of Minnesota; Director, Youth and AIDS Projects, Minneapolis, Minnesota

Adolescent Homosexuality

Jorge D. Reyes, MD
Professor of Surgery, University of Washington; Chief of the Division of Transplantation Surgery, University of Washington Medical Center; Chief of Pediatric Transplantation, Seattle Children’s Hospital, Seattle, Washington

Intestinal Transplantation in Children with Intestinal Failure; Liver Transplantation

Geoffrey Rezvani, MD
Assistant Professor, Department of Pediatrics, Drexel University College of Medicine; Section of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism, St. Christopher’s Hospital for Children, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

An Approach to Inborn Errors of Metabolism

Iraj Rezvani, MD
Professor of Pediatrics (Emeritus), Temple University School of Medicine; Adjunct Professor of Pediatrics, Drexel University College of Medicine, Section of Pediatric Endocrinology and Metabolism, St. Christopher’s Hospital for Children, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

An Approach to Inborn Errors of Metabolism; Defects in Metabolism of Amino Acids

A. Kim Ritchey, MD
Chief, Division of Pediatric Hematology/Oncology, Children’s Hospital of Pittsburgh of UPMC; Professor of Pediatrics; Vice Chair for Clinical Affairs, Department of Pediatrics, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

Principles of Diagnosis; Principles of Treatment; The Leukemias

Frederick P. Rivara, MD, MPH
Children’s Hospital Guild Endowed Chair, Professor of Pediatrics; Adjunct Professor of Epidemiology, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington

Maximizing Children’s Health Screening, Anticipatory Guidance, and Counseling

Angela Byun Robinson, MD, MPH
Assistant Professor, Pediatric Rheumatology, Rainbow Babies & Children’s Hospital, Cleveland, Ohio

Juvenile Dermatomyositis; Miscellaneous Conditions Associated with Arthritis

Luise E. Rogg, MD, PhD
Fellow, Pediatric Infectious Diseases, Duke University Medical Center, Department of Pediatrics, Division of Pediatric Infectious Diseases, Durham, North Carolina

Aspergillus

Genie E. Roosevelt, MD, MPH
Associate Professor of Pediatrics, Section of Emergency Medicine, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, Colorado

Acute Inflammatory Upper Airway Obstruction (Croup, Epiglottitis, Laryngitis, and Bacterial Tracheitis)

David R. Rosenberg, MD
Miriam L. Hamburger Endowed Chair of Child Psychiatry, Children’s Hospital of Michigan and Wayne State University; Professor and Chief of Child Psychiatry and Psychology, Wayne State University, Detroit, Michigan

Anxiety Disorders

Melissa Beth Rosenberg, MD
Assistant Professor, Michigan State University, College of Osteopathic Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, East Lansing, Michigan

Leptospira

David S. Rosenblatt, MD
Chair, Department of Human Genetics; Professor of Human Genetics, Pediatrics and Medicine, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada

Defects in Metabolism of Amino Acids

Cindy Ganis Roskind, MD
Assistant Clinical Professor of Pediatrics, Pediatric Emergency Medicine, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, New York

Acute Care of the Victim of Multiple Trauma

Mary M. Rotar, RN, BSN, CIC
Infection Prevention and Control Coordinator, Children’s Hospital of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisconsin

Infection Prevention and Control

Ranna A. Rozenfeld, MD
Associate Professor of Pediatrics, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Children’s Memorial Hospital, Chicago, Illinois

Atelectasis

Sarah Zieber Rush, MD
Assistant Professor of Pediatrics, The University of Colorado Denver, Center for Cancer and Blood Disorders, The Children’s Hospital, Aurora, Colorado

Brain Tumors in Childhood

Colleen A. Ryan, MD
Attending, Child and Adolescent Psychiatry Inpatient Service, Children’s Hospital Boston; Instructor, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts

Habit and Tic Disorders

H.P.S. Sachdev, Prof.MD, Hon. FRCPCH
Senior Consultant Pediatrics and Clinical Epidemiology, Sitaram Bhartia Institute of Science and Research, New Delhi, India; Adjunct Professor, Division of Population Health, St. John’s Research Institute, St. John’s National Academy of Health Sciences, Bangalore, India

Vitamin B Complex Deficiencies and Excess; Vitamin C (Ascorbic Acid)

Ramesh C. Sachdeva, MD, PhD, FAAP, FCCM
Professor of Pediatrics (Critical Care and Sleep Medicine), Medical College of Wisconsin; Corporate Vice President and Chief Quality Officer, Children’s Hospital and Health System, Milwaukee, Wisconsin

Quality and Safety in Health Care for Children

Mustafa Sahin, MD, PhD
Department of Neurology, Children’s Hospital Boston, Boston, Massachusetts

Neurocutaneous Syndromes

Robert A. Salata, MD
Professor and Executive Vice Chair, Department of Medicine; Chief, Division of Infectious Diseases and HIV Medicine, Case Western Reserve University, University Hospitals Case Medical Center, Cleveland, Ohio

Amebiasis; Trichomoniasis (Trichomonas vaginalis); African Trypanosomiasis (Sleeping Sickness; Trypanosoma brucei Complex); American Trypanosomiasis (Chagas Disease; Trypanosoma cruzi)

Denise A. Salerno, MD
Professor of Pediatrics; Pediatric Clerkship Director; Associate Chair for Undergraduate Education, Department of Pediatrics, Temple University School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Nonbacterial Food Poisoning

Edsel Maurice T. Salvana, MD, DTM&H (Diploma in Tropical Medicine and Hygiene)
Associate Professor of Medicine, Section of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, Philippine General Hospital, University of the Philippines Manila; Research Faculty, Institute of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology, National Institutes of Health, University of the Philippines Manila, Manila, Philippines

Amebiasis; Trichomoniasis (Trichomonas vaginalis); African Trypanosomiasis (Sleeping Sickness; Trypanosoma brucei Complex); American Trypanosomiasis (Chagas Disease; Trypanosoma cruzi)

Hugh A. Sampson, MD
Kurt Hirschhorn Professor of Pediatrics; Dean for Translational Biomedical Sciences; Director, Jaffe Food Allergy Institute, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, New York

Anaphylaxis; Adverse Reactions to Foods

Thomas J. Sandora, MD, MPH
Hospital Epidemiologist; Medical Director of Infection Prevention and Control, Division of Infectious Diseases, Children’s Hospital Boston; Assistant Professor of Pediatrics, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts

Community-Acquired Pneumonia

Tracy Sandritter, PharmD
Clinical Pharmacy Specialist, Personalized Medicine, Children’s Mercy Hospitals and Clinics; Adjunct Associate Clinical Professor, University of Missouri–Kansas City School of Pharmacy, Kansas City, Missouri

Principles of Drug Therapy

Wudbhav N. Sankar, MD
Assistant Professor of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine; Attending Physician, The Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

The Hip

Ajit Ashok Sarnaik, MD
Staff Intensivist, Children’s Hospital of Michigan; Assistant Professor of Pediatrics, Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit, Michigan

Respiratory Distress and Failure

Ashok P. Sarnaik, MD
Chief, Critical Care Medicine, Children’s Hospital of Michigan; Professor of Pediatrics, Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit, Michigan

Respiratory Distress and Failure; Respiratory Pathophysiology and Regulation; Regulation of Respiration

Harvey B. Sarnat, MS, MD, FRCPC
Professor of Paediatrics, Pathology, (Neuropathology) and Clinical Neurosciences, Divisions of Paediatric Neurology and Neuropathology, University of Calgary, Faculty of Medicine, Alberta Children’s Hospital, Calgary, Alberta, Canada

Evaluation and Investigation; Developmental Disorders of Muscle; Muscular Dystrophies; Endocrine and Toxic Myopathies; Metabolic Myopathies; Disorders of Neuromuscular Transmission and of Motor Neurons; Hereditary Motor-Sensory Neuropathies; Toxic Neuropathies; Autonomic Neuropathies; Guillain-Barre Syndrome; Bell Palsy

Minnie M. Sarwal, MD, FRCP, PhD, DCH
Professor, Pediatrics and Immunology; Medical Director, Pediatric Kidney Transplant, Stanford University, Palo Alto, California

Renal Transplantation

Mary Saunders, MD
Assistant Professor, Department of Pediatrics, Emergency Medicine, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisconsin

Evaluation of the Sick Child in the Office and Clinic

Laura E. Schanberg, MD
Professor of Pediatrics; Co-Chief, Division of Pediatric Rheumatology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina

Treatment of Rheumatic Diseases; Systemic Lupus Erythematosus; Musculoskeletal Pain Syndromes

Mark R. Schleiss, MD
American Legion Chair of Pediatrics; Director, Division of Infectious Diseases and Immunology; Associate Head for Research, Department of Pediatrics, University of Minnesota School of Medicine, Center for Infectious Diseases and Microbiology Translational Research, Minneapolis, Minnesota

Principles of Antibacterial Therapy; Principles of Antiviral Therapy; Principles of Antiparasitic Therapy

Nina F. Schor, MD, PhD
William H. Eilinger Professor and Chair, Department of Pediatrics; Professor, Department of Neurology; Pediatrician-in-Chief, Golisano Children’s Hospital, University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, New York

Neurologic Evaluation; Neuromyelitis Optica; Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis (ADEM)

Bill J. Schroeder, DO
Clinical Assistant Professor, Emergency Medicine/Pediatric Emergency Medicine, University of Illinois at Chicago, Advocate Christ Hospital/Hope Children’s Hospital, Oak Lawn, Illinois

Envenomations

Robert L. Schum, PhD
Professor, Department of Pediatrics, Medical College of Wisconsin; Clinical Psychologist, Child Development Center, Children’s Hospital of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisconsin

Language Development and Communication Disorders

Gordon E. Schutze, MD, FAAP
Professor of Pediatrics, Vice-Chairman for Educational Affairs, Department of Pediatrics, Section of Retrovirology; Vice President, Baylor International Pediatric AIDS Initiative at Texas Children’s Hospital, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas

Actinomyces; Nocardia; Tularemia (Francisella tularensis); Brucella

Daryl A. Scott, MD, PhD
Assistant Professor, Department of Molecular and Human Genetics, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas

The Genetic Approach in Pediatric Medicine; The Human Genome; Patterns of Genetic Transmission

J. Paul Scott, MD
Professor, Department of Pediatrics, Medical College of Wisconsin, BloodCenter of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisconsin

Hemostasis; Hereditary Clotting Factor Deficiencies (Bleeding Disorders); von Willebrand Disease; Hereditary Predisposition to Thrombosis; Thrombotic Disorders in Children; Postneonatal Vitamin K Deficiency; Liver Disease; Acquired Inhibitors of Coagulation; Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation; Platelet and Blood Vessel Disorders

Theodore C. Sectish, MD
Program Director, Children’s Hospital Boston; Associate Professor, Harvard Medical School; Executive Director, Federation of Pediatric Organizations, Boston, Massachusetts

Community-Acquired Pneumonia

George B. Segel, MD
Professor of Pediatrics and Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, New York

Definitions and Classification of Hemolytic Anemias; Hereditary Spherocytosis; Hereditary Elliptocytosis; Hereditary Stomatocytosis; Other Membrane Defects; Enzymatic Defects; Hemolytic Anemias Resulting from Extracellular Factors—Immune Hemolytic Anemias; Hemolytic Anemias Secondary to Other Extracellular Factors

Kriti Sehgal, BA
Clinical Research Coordinator, Department of Orthopaedics, The Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Growth and Development; Evaluation of the Child; Torsional and Angular Deformities; The Knee; Common Fractures

Ernest G. Seidman, MDCM, FRCPC, FACG
Professor of Medicine and Pediatrics, Canada Research Chair in Immune Mediated Gastrointestinal Disorders; Bruce Kaufman Endowed Chair in IBD at McGill Digestivelab, Research Institute of McGill University Health Centre, Montreal, Quebec, Canada

Disorders of Malabsorption

Janet R. Serwint, MD
Professor of Pediatrics; Director of Pediatric Resident Education, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland

Loss, Separation, and Bereavement

Dheeraj Shah, MD (Pediatrics), DNB (Pediatrics), MNAMS
Associate Professor, Department of Pediatrics, University College of Medical Sciences (University of Delhi) and Guru Tegh Bahadur Hospital, Delhi, India

Vitamin B Complex Deficiencies and Excess; Vitamin C (Ascorbic Acid)

Raanan Shamir, Prof.MD
Chairman, Institute of Gastroenterology, Nutrition and Liver Diseases, Schneider Children’s Medical Center of Israel; Professor of Pediatrics, Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel-Aviv University, Petach-Tikva, Israel

Disorders of Malabsorption

Bruce K. Shapiro, MD
The Arnold J. Capute, MD, MPH Chair in Neurodevelopmental Disabilities; Professor of Pediatrics, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine; Vice President, Training, Kennedy Krieger Institute, Baltimore, Maryland

Intellectual Disability

Richard J. Shaw, MB, BS
Professor of Psychiatry and Pediatrics, Stanford University School of Medicine; Medical Director, Pediatric Psychosomatic Medicine Service, Lucile Packard Children’s Hospital at Stanford, Stanford, California

Psychosomatic Illness

Bennett A. Shaywitz, MD
The Charles and Helen Schwab Professor in Dyslexia and Learning Development, Pediatrics and Neurology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut

Dyslexia

Sally E. Shaywitz, MD
The Audrey G. Ratner Professor in Learning Development, Department of Pediatrics, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut

Dyslexia

Meera Shekar, Bsc, Msc, PhD
Lead Health and Nutrition Specialist, World Bank, Human Development Network, Washington, District of Columbia

Nutrition, Food Security, and Health

Elena Shephard, MD, MPH
Assistant Professor of Pediatrics, Seattle Children’s Hospital, Seattle, Washington

Drowning and Submersion Injury

Philip M. Sherman, MD, FRCPC
Professor of Paediatrics, Microbiology, and Dentistry, Hospital for Sick Children, University of Toronto; Canada Research Chair in Gastrointestinal Disease, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Disorders of Malabsorption

Benjamin L. Shneider, MD
Professor of Pediatrics, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine; Director of Pediatric Hepatology, Children’s Hospital of Pittsburgh of UPMC, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

Autoimmune Hepatitis

Scott H. Sicherer, MD
Professor of Pediatrics, Jaffe Food Allergy Institute, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, New York

Insect Allergy; Serum Sickness

Richard Sills, MD
Professor of Pediatrics; Director, Pediatric Hematology/Oncology, Upstate Medical University, Syracuse, New York

Iron-Deficiency Anemia; Other Microcytic Anemias

Mark D. Simms, MD, MPH
Chief, Section of Child Development, Department of Pediatrics, Medical College of Wisconsin; Medical Director, Child Development Center, Children’s Hospital of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisconsin

Language Development and Communication Disorders; Adoption

Eric A.F. Sim?es, MBBS, DCH, MD
Professor of Pediatrics, Division of Infectious Diseases, The Children’s Hospital, Aurora, Colorado

Polioviruses

Thomas L. Slovis, MD
Professor of Radiology and Pediatrics, Children’s Hospital of Michigan, Wayne State University Medical School, Detroit, Michigan

Biologic Effects of Radiation on Children

P. Brian Smith, MD, MPH, MHS
Assistant Professor, Department of Pediatrics, Duke University Medical Center, Duke Clinical Research Institute, Durham, North Carolina

Candida

Mary Beth F. Son, MD
Instructor in Pediatrics, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts

Kawasaki Disease

Laura Stout Sosinsky, PhD
Assistant Professor, Department of Psychology, Fordham University, Bronx, New York

Child Care: How Pediatricians Can Support Children and Families

Joseph D. Spahn, MD
Associate Professor Pediatrics, Department of Pediatrics, National Jewish Health, Denver, Colorado

Childhood Asthma

Mark A. Sperling, MD
Professor of Pediatrics, Division of Endocrinology, Children’s Hospital of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

Hypoglycemia

Robert Spicer, MD
Professor of Pediatrics, University of Cincinnati; Medical Director, Cardiac Transplantation; Director, Cardiology Fellowship Program; Director, Pediatric Cardiology Training Program, Cincinnati Children’s Hospital, Cincinnati, Ohio

Diseases of the Myocardium; Diseases of the Pericardium; Tumors of the Heart

David A. Spiegel, MD
Pediatric Orthopaedic Surgeon, Division of Orthopaedic Surgery, The Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia; Assistant Professor of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

The Foot and Toes; The Spine; The Neck

Helen Spoudeas, MD, MBBS, DRCOG, FRCP, FRCPCH
Consultant/Honorary Senior Lecturer in Paediatric/Adolescent Neuroendocrinology at London Centre for Paediatric and Adolescent Endocrinology, Great Ormond Street and University College Hospitals, Neuroendocrine Division, London, United Kingdom

Chronic Diarrhea

J?rgen Spranger, MD
Professor, Im Fuchsberg, Sinzheim, Germany

Mucopolysaccharidoses

Rajasree Sreedharan, MD, MBBS
Assistant Professor, Medical College of Wisconsin, Pediatric Nephrology, Wauwatosa, Wisconsin

Tubular Function; Renal Tubular Acidosis; Nephrogenic Diabetes Insipidus; Bartter and Gitelman Syndromes and Other Inherited Tubular Transport Abnormalities; Renal Failure

Raman Sreedharan, MD, DCH, MRCPCH
Attending Physician, Division of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition, The Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia; Clinical Assistant Professor of Pediatrics, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Major Symptoms and Signs of Digestive Tract Disorders; Functional Abdominal Pain (Nonorganic Chronic Abdominal Pain)

Shawn J. Stafford, MD, FAAP
Assistant Clinical Professor, Pediatric Surgery, University of Arizona School of Medicine, Arizona Pediatric Surgery, Tucson, Arizona

Surgical Conditions of the Anus and Rectum

Margaret M. Stager, MD
Interim Chairman, Department of Pediatrics; Associate Professor of Pediatrics, Division of Adolescent Medicine, Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, MetroHealth Medical Center, Cleveland, Ohio

Violent Behavior; Substance Abuse

Sergio Stagno, MD
Katharine Reynolds Ireland Distinguished Professor and Chairman, Department of Pediatrics, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama

Cytomegalovirus

Virginia A. Stallings, MD
Professor of Pediatrics, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine; Cortner Endowed Chair in Pediatric Gastroenterology; Director, Office of Faculty Development, Research Institute; Director, Nutrition Center, The Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Nutritional Requirements; Feeding Healthy Infants, Children, and Adolescents

Lawrence R. Stanberry, MD, PhD
Reuben S. Carpentier Professor and Chairman, Department of Pediatrics, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, New York

Herpes Simplex Virus

Charles A. Stanley, MD
Professor of Pediatrics, The Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Defects in Metabolism of Lipids

Bonita F. Stanton, MD
Professor and Schotanus Family Endowed Chair of Pediatrics, Pediatrician-in-Chief, Carman and Ann Adams Department of Pediatrics, Children’s Hospital of Michigan, Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit, Michigan

Overview of Pediatrics; Cultural Issues in Pediatric Care

Jeffrey R. Starke, MD
Professor of Pediatrics, Department of Pediatrics, Baylor College of Medicine, Texas Children’s Hospital, Houston, Texas

Tuberculosis (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)

Merrill Stass-Isern, MD
Associate Clinical Professor, Department of Ophthalmology, Children’s Mercy Hospitals and Clinics, University of Missouri–Kansas City, Kansas City, Missouri

Growth and Development; Examination of the Eye; Abnormalities of Refraction and Accommodation; Disorders of Vision; Abnormalities of Pupil and Iris; Disorders of Eye Movement and Alignment; Abnormalities of the Lids; Disorders of the Lacrimal System; Disorders of the Conjunctiva; Abnormalities of the Cornea; Abnormalities of the Lens; Disorders of the Uveal Tract; Disorders of the Retina and Vitreous; Abnormalities of the Optic Nerve; Childhood Glaucoma; Orbital Abnormalities; Orbital Infections; Injuries to the Eye

Barbara W. Stechenberg, MD
Chief, Pediatric Infectious Diseases; Pediatrics Program Director, Baystate Children’s Hospital; Professor of Pediatrics, Tufts University School of Medicine, Springfield, Massachusetts

Bartonella

Leonard D. Stein, MD
Professor of Pediatrics, Division of Allergy, Immunology, Rheumatology and Infectious Diseases, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina

Miscellaneous Conditions Associated with Arthritis

William J. Steinbach, MD
Associate Professor of Pediatrics, Molecular Genetics and Microbiology, Division of Pediatric Infectious Diseases, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina

Principles of Antifungal Therapy; Aspergillus

Nicolas Stettler, MD, MSCE
Associate Professor of Pediatrics and Epidemiology, Division of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition, The Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Nutritional Requirements; Feeding Healthy Infants, Children, and Adolescents

Barbara J. Stoll, MD
George W. Brumley, Jr., Professor and Chair, Department of Pediatrics, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia

Infections of the Neonatal Infant

Gregory A. Storch, MD
Ruth L. Siteman Professor of Pediatrics, Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis, St. Louis, Missouri

Polyomaviruses

Ronald G. Strauss, MD
Professor Emeritus, Departments of Pathology and Pediatrics, University of Iowa College of Medicine, Coralville, Iowa

Red Blood Cell Transfusions and Erythropoietin Therapy; Platelet Transfusions; Neutrophil (Granulocyte) Transfusions; Plasma Transfusions; Risks of Blood Transfusions

Frederick J. Suchy, MD
Professor of Pediatrics; Vice Chair for Research; Chief of Pediatric Hepatology, Jack and Lucy Clark Department of Pediatrics, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, Mount Sinai Kravis Children’s Hospital, New York, New York

Autoimmune Hepatitis; Drug- and Toxin-Induced Liver Injury; Fulminant Hepatic Failure; Cystic Diseases of the Biliary Tract and Liver; Diseases of the Gallbladder; Portal Hypertension and Varices

Karen Summar, MD, MS
Medical Director, Jane and Richard Thomas Center for Down Syndrome, Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center; Assistant Professor of Pediatrics, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, Ohio

Cytogenetics

Moira Szilagyi, MD, PhD
Associate Professor of Pediatrics, University of Rochester; Medical Director, Starlight Pediatrics, Monroe County Health Department, Rochester, New York

Foster and Kinship Care

Norman Tinanoff, DDS, MS
Professor and Chair, Department of Health Promotion and Policy, University of Maryland Dental School, Baltimore, Maryland

Development and Developmental Anomalies of the Teeth; Disorders of the Oral Cavity Associated with Other Conditions; Malocclusion; Cleft Lip and Palate; Syndromes with Oral Manifestations; Dental Caries; Periodontal Diseases; Dental Trauma; Common Lesions of the Oral Soft Tissues; Diseases of the Salivary Glands and Jaws; Diagnostic Radiology in Dental Assessment

James K. Todd, MD
Professor of Pediatrics, Microbiology and Epidemiology, University of Colorado School of Medicine and Colorado School of Public Health, Jules Amer Chair of Community Pediatrics; Director of Epidemiology, The Children’s Hospital, Aurora, Colorado

Staphylococcus

Lucy S. Tompkins, MD, PhD
Lucy Becker Professor of Medicine (Infectious Diseases); Professor of Microbiology and Immunology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford University Medical Center, Stanford, California

Legionella

Richard L. Tower II, MD, MS
Assistant Professor of Pediatrics, Pediatrics, Hematology/Oncology/BMT Section, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisconsin

Anatomy and Function of the Lymphatic System; Abnormalities of Lymphatic Vessels; Lymphadenopathy

Riccardo Troncone, Prof.
Professor of Pediatrics, Head, European Laboratory for the Investigation of Food-Induced Diseases, University Federico II, Naples, Italy

Disorders of Malabsorption

Amanda A. Trott, MD
Resident, Department of Pediatrics, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, Texas

Defects in Metabolism of Amino Acids

David G. Tubergen, MD
Medical Director, Host Program, MD Anderson Physicians Network, University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas

The Leukemias

David A. Turner, MD
Associate Director, Pediatric Critical Care Fellowship Program; Medical Instructor, Department of Pediatrics, Division of Pediatric Critical Care Medicine, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina

Shock

Ronald B. Turner, MD
Associate Dean for Clinical Research; Professor of Pediatrics, University of Virginia School of Medicine, Charlottesville, Virginia

The Common Cold; Acute Pharyngitis

Christina Ullrich, MD, MPH
Attending Physician in Pediatric Hematology/Oncology and Pediatric Palliative Care, Children’s Hospital Boston/Dana-Farber Cancer Institute; Instructor in Pediatrics, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts

Pediatric Palliative Care

George F. Van Hare, MD
Louis Larrick Ward Professor of Pediatrics, Washington University in St. Louis; Director, Pediatric Cardiology, St. Louis Children’s Hospital, St. Louis, Missouri

Disturbances of Rate and Rhythm of the Heart; Sudden Death

Jakko van Ingen, MD, PhD
National Tuberculosis Reference Laboratory, National Institute of Public Health and the Environment, Bilthoven, The Netherlands; Department of Pulmonary Diseases, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Center, Nijmegen, The Netherlands

Nontuberculous Mycobacteria

Heather A. Van Mater, MD, MS
Assistant Professor, Department of Pediatrics, Division of Pediatric Rheumatology, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina

Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis; Scleroderma and Raynaud Phenomenon

Dick van Soolingen, Prof. Dr.
Head of the Tuberculosis Reference Laboratory, National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, Bilthoven, The Netherlands; Department of Pulmonary Diseases and Medical Microbiology, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Nijmegen, The Netherlands

Nontuberculous Mycobacteria

Scott K. Van Why, MD
Professor of Pediatrics, Medical College of Wisconsin, Wauwatosa, Wisconsin

Membranous Glomerulopathy; Membranoproliferative Glomerulonephritis; Henoch-Schonlein Purpura Nephritis; Rapidly Progressive (Crescentic) Glomerulonephritis; Goodpasture Disease; Hemolytic-Uremic Syndrome

Pankhuree Vandana, MD
Second Year Fellow, Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Feinberg School of Medicine/Northwestern University/Children’s Memorial Hospital, Chicago, Illinois

Anxiety Disorders

Douglas Vanderbilt, MD
Assistant Professor of Clinical Pediatrics, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California; Children’s Hospital Los Angeles Developmental-Behavioral Pediatrics Fellowship Director, Los Angeles, California

Impact of Violence on Children

Jon A. Vanderhoof, MD
Lecturer in Pediatrics, Harvard Medical School; Professor Emeritus, Pediatrics, University of Nebraska College of Medicine, Omaha, Nebraska

Disorders of Malabsorption

Andrea Velardi, MD
Professor of Hematology, Division of Hematology and Clinical Immunology, University of Perugia, Perugia, Italy

Principles and Clinical Indications; HSCT from Alternative Sources and Donors; Graft Versus Host Disease (GVHD) and Rejection; Infectious Complications of HSCT; Late Effects of HSCT

Elliott Vichinsky, MD
Medical Director, Department of Hematology/Oncology; Adjunct Professor UCSF, Oakland, California

Hemoglobinopathies

Linda A. Waggoner-Fountain, MD, MEd
Associate Professor of Pediatrics, Division of Infectious Diseases, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia

Child Care and Communicable Diseases

Steven G. Waguespack, MD, FAAP, FACE
Associate Professor, Department of Endocrine Neoplasia and Hormonal Disorders, Department of Pediatrics, University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas

Rare Tumors

David M. Walker, MD
Assistant Professor, Pediatrics (Emergency Medicine), Yale University School of Medicine; Clinical Instructor, Pediatric Nurse Practitioner Program, Yale University School of Nursing; Attending Physician, Pediatric Emergency Department, Yale-New Haven Children’s Hospital, New Haven, Connecticut

Emergency Medical Services for Children

Heather J. Walter, MD, MPH
Professor of Psychiatry and Pediatrics, Vice-Chair of Psychiatry, Boston University School of Medicine; Chief, Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Boston Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts

Assessment and Interviewing; Psychologic Treatment of Children and Adolescents; Mood Disorders; Suicide and Attempted Suicide; Disruptive Behavioral Disorders; Pervasive Developmental Disorders and Childhood Psychosis

Stephanie Ware, MD, PhD
Associate Professor of Pediatrics, Department of Pediatrics, Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, Ohio

Diseases of the Myocardium; Diseases of the Pericardium; Tumors of the Heart

Kimberly Danieli Watts, MD, MS
Instructor of Pediatrics, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine; Attending, Division of Pulmonary Medicine, Children’s Memorial Hospital, Chicago, Illinois

Wheezing, Bronchiolitis, and Bronchitis

Ian M. Waxman, MD
Medical Officer, U.S. Food and Drug Administration, Bethesda, Maryland

Lymphoma

Debra E. Weese-Mayer, MD
Professor of Pediatrics at Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine; Director, Center for Autonomic Medicine in Pediatrics (C.A.M.P.), Children’s Memorial Hospital, Chicago, Illinois

Chronic Respiratory Insufficiency

Kathryn Weise, MD, MA
Program Director, Cleveland Fellowship in Advanced Bioethics, Department of Bioethics, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio

Ethics in Pediatric Care

Martin E. Weisse, MD
Chief, Department of Pediatrics, Tripler Army Medical Center, Honolulu, Hawaii; Professor of Pediatrics, Uniformed Services University, F. Edward Hebert School of Medicine, Bethesda, Maryland

Malassezia; Primary Amebic Meningoencephalitis

Lawrence Wells, MD
Assistant Professor of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine; Attending Orthopedic Surgeon, The Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Growth and Development; Evaluation of the Child; Torsional and Angular Deformities; The Knee; The Hip; Common Fractures

Jessica Wen, MD
Fellow, The Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia/University of Pennsylvania, Division of Gastroenterology, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Ascites; Peritonitis

Steven L. Werlin, MD
Professor, Department of Pediatrics (Gastroenterology), The Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisconsin

Embryology, Anatomy, and Physiology; Pancreatic Function Tests; Disorders of the Exocrine Pancreas; Treatment of Pancreatic Insufficiency; Pancreatitis; Pseudocyst of the Pancreas; Pancreatic Tumors

Michael R. Wessels, MD
John F. Enders Professor of Pediatrics and Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Chief, Division of Infectious Diseases, Children’s Hospital Boston, Boston, Massachusetts

Group B Streptococcus

Ralph F. Wetmore, MD
Chief, Division of Otolaryngology, The Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia; E. Mortimer Newlin Professor of Pediatric Otolaryngology, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Tonsils and Adenoids

Randall C. Wetzel, MB, BS, MBA, MRCS, LRCP, FAAP, FCCM
Chair, Department of Anesthesiology, Critical Care Medicine, Children’s Hospital of Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California

Anesthesia, Perioperative Care, and Sedation

Isaiah D. Wexler, MD, PhD
Associate Professor, Department of Pediatrics, Hadassah University Medical Center, Jerusalem, Israel

Impact of Violence on Children

Perrin C. White, MD
Professor of Pediatrics, UT Southwestern Medical Center; Director of Pediatric Endocrinology, Division of Pediatric Endocrinology, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas

Physiology of the Adrenal Gland; Adrenocortical Insufficiency; Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia and Related Disorders; Cushing Syndrome; Primary Aldosteronism; Adrenocortical Tumors; Pheochromocytoma; Adrenal Masses

John V. Williams, MD
Assistant Professor, Pediatric Infectious Disease, Microbiology and Immunology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee

Adenoviruses; Rhinoviruses

Rodney E. Willoughby Jr., MD
Professor, Pediatric Infectious Diseases, Medical College of Wisconsin, Children’s Corporate Center, Milwaukee, Wisconsin

Rabies

Samantha L. Wilson, PhD
Assistant Professor, Medical College of Wisconsin; Member, Children’s Specialty Group, Brookfield, Wisconsin

Adoption

Glenna B. Winnie, MD
Director, The Pediatric Sleep Center, Fairfax Neonatal Associates, Fairfax, Virginia

Emphysema and Overinflation; α1-Antitrypsin Deficiency and Emphysema; Pleurisy, Pleural Effusions, and Empyema; Pneumothorax; Pneumomediastinum; Hydrothorax; Hemothorax; Chylothorax

Paul H. Wise, MD, MPH
Richard E. Behrman Professor of Child Health and Society; Professor of Pediatrics, Centers for Policy, Outcomes and Prevention/Health Policy/Primary Care and Outcomes Research, Stanford University, Stanford, California

Chronic Illness in Childhood

Laila Woc-Colburn, MD
Assistant Professor, Section of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas

American Trypanosomiasis (Chagas Disease; Trypanosoma cruzi)

Joanne Wolfe, MD, MPH
Director, Pediatric Palliative Care, Children’s Hospital Boston; Division Chief, Pediatric Palliative Care Service, Department of Psychosocial Oncology and Palliative Care, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, Massachusetts

Pediatric Palliative Care

Cynthia J. Wong, MD
Clinical Assistant Professor, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California

Renal Transplantation

Laura L. Worth, MD, PhD
Associate Professor in the Division of Pediatrics Center, Medical Director for the Children’s Cancer Hospital at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas

Molecular and Cellular Biology of Cancer

Joseph L. Wright, MD, MPH
Senior Vice President; Professor of Pediatrics (Vice Chair), Emergency Medicine and Health Policy, Children’s National Medical Center, Washington, District of Columbia

Emergency Medical Services for Children

Peter F. Wright, MD
Professor of Pediatrics, Division of Infectious Disease and International Health, Dartmouth Medical School, Lebanon, New Hampshire

Influenza Viruses; Parainfluenza Viruses

Terry W. Wright, PhD
Associate Professor, Pediatrics and Microbiology and Immunology, University of Rochester School of Medicine, Rochester, New York

Pneumocystis jirovecii

Eveline Y. Wu, MD
Fellow, Pediatric Rheumatology and Allergy and Immunology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina

Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis; Sarcoidosis

Anthony Wynshaw-Boris, MD, PhD
Charles J. Epstein Professor of Human Genetics and Pediatrics; Chief, Division of Medical Genetics, Department of Pediatrics and Institute of Human Genetics, University of California, San Francisco, School of Medicine, San Francisco, California

Dysmorphology

Nada Yazigi, MD
Associate Professor of Clinical Pediatrics, University of Cincinnati Medical School, Division of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition, Cincinnati Children’s Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio

Viral Hepatitis

Ram Yogev, MD
Professor, Department of Pediatrics, Northwestern University Medical School; Deputy Director for Clinical Research—Clinical Sciences, Children’s Memorial Hospital, Chicago, Illinois

Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (Human Immunodeficiency Virus)

Marc Yudkoff, MD
W.T. Grant Professor of Pediatrics, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine; Chief, Division of Child Development, Rehabilitation and Metabolic Disease, The Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Defects in Metabolism of Amino Acids

Peter E. Zage, MD
Assistant Professor, Division of Pediatrics, University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas

Neuroblastoma; Retinoblastoma

Anita K.M. Zaidi, MBBS, SM, FAAP
A. Sultan Jamal Professor of Pediatrics and Child Health, and Microbiology; Chair, Department of Pediatrics and Child Health, Aga Khan University, Karachi, Pakistan

Diagnostic Microbiology

Lonnie K. Zeltzer, MD
Director, Pediatric Pain Program; Professor of Pediatrics, Anesthesiology, Psychiatry and Biobehavioral Sciences, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, California

Pediatric Pain Management

Maija H. Zile, PhD
Professor, Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan

Vitamin A Deficiencies and Excess

Peter Zimmer, Prof. Dr.
Abt. Allgemeine P?diatrie und Neonatologie, Zentrum f?r Kinderheilkunde und Jugendmedizin, Universit?tsklinikum Gie?en und Marburg GmbH, Justus-Liebig-Universit?t, Feulgenstr, Gie?en, Germany

Disorders of Malabsorption

Barry Zuckerman, MD
Joel and Barbara Alpert Professor and Chair, Department of Pediatrics, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts

Impact of Violence on Children

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