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Adding Replication Partners

On large networks that require the WINS service, you should deploy more than one WINS server. These servers can then share the WINS database information as replication partners. This provides load balancing for the WINS database and also helps conserve bandwidth across slower WAN connections. (A single WINS server would tie up bandwidth when communicating with NetBIOS clients.)

Designating replication partners for your WINS server and then synchronizing the databases is a very straightforward process. Follow these steps:

1. In the WINS snap-in, expand the node icon that represents your WINS server. Then right-click the Replication Partners subfolder in the node pane. Point at New on the shortcut menu that appears, and select New Replication Partner.

2. The New Replication Partner dialog box opens (see Figure 20.5). Enter the name or IP address of the server that you want to add as a partner (you can also use the Browse button to locate the server on the network).

Figure 20.5. Replication partners can be added for your WINS server.

3. Click OK to designate the partner. Repeat the process as needed to add replication partners.

To view the replication partners, double-click the Replication Partners icon. A list of all added partners appears in the Details pane, as shown in Figure 20.6.

Figure 20.6. You can list the replication partners.

[View full size image]

To start the replication between your WINS server and its partners on the network, right-click the Replication Partners icon and then point at All Tasks on the shortcut menu. Select Replicate Now. You are asked whether you want to replicate the WINS database. Click Yes to continue.

You are told that the replication request has been queued on the server. You can check to see when the replication actually takes place, using the Windows Event Viewer (which, again, is discussed in Hour 24).

By the Way

By default, a persistent connection is set up between WINS replication partners. This means that replication partners maintain an open line of communication between them on the network. This negates the need for setting up and closing a connection during replication, which can use up network bandwidth.

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