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A routed network consists of IP subnets that are connected by routers. A server running Windows Server 2008 and configured with multiple network cards can be configured as a router through the Routing and Remote Access Service.

The Routing and Remote Access Service is a service provided by the Windows Server 2008 Network Policy and Access Services role. This role is added via the Initial Configuration Tasks window or the Server Manager.

After Routing and Remote Access Services is enabled in the RRAS snap-in (in the MMC or the Server Manager), you can configure the server as a router. You need to configure each of the server’s interfaces with fixed IP addresses from the pool of addresses used for each IP subnet.

To configure IP routing in RRAS, you can use static or dynamic routing. Static routing requires that you configure routing tables that provide the information needed for packets to be routed on the network.

You can also take advantage of dynamic routing, which uses the RIP routing protocol. RIP builds the routing tables automatically and so can respond to changes in your network topology.

You can monitor your router’s status from the RRAS snap-in. You can also use command-line commands such as tracert and ping to determine whether IP addresses on the network are reachable.

The DHCP Relay Agent is on networks where you do not have a DHCP server on each subnet. The DHCP Relay Agent takes DHCP broadcasts and relays them as point-to-point communications so that they are forwarded by routers on the network.

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