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Configuring DNS Clients

We have been looking at DNS so far from the server side, but there are also DNS management duties related to clients on your network. You need to configure TCP/IP clients on the network to use the DNS service.

You should configure any clients on the network (including servers) that are set up with a static IP address to use a particular DNS server on the network to resolve hostnames. You can specify a preferred DNS server and a secondary DNS server for the client.

To configure a client for specific DNS servers, follow these steps:

1. Log on to the client computer or member server as an Administrator and open the Network and Sharing Center (Control Panel, Network and Sharing Center). Then click Manage Network Connections.

2. Right-click a local area connection and then select Properties. This opens the Local Area Connection Properties dialog box.

3. Scroll down through the components list and click Internet Protocol Version 4 (TCP/IPv4) or Internet Protocol Version 6 (TCP/IPv6), depending on what version of the IP protocol you want to configure (see Figure 15.12). Then click the Properties button.

Figure 15.12. Select the version of IP you want to configure.

4. The Internet Protocol properties box opens. Select the Use the Following DNS Server Addresses option button. Then enter the preferred DNS server IP address and the alternative DNS server IP address (if one exists).

5. If you need to enter additional DNS server addresses, click the Advanced button and then select the DNS tab on the Advanced TCP/IP Properties box. You can add other DNS servers on this tab. Enter the server addresses in the order that you want the host to query them.

6. Click OK to return to the TCP/IP Properties box. Click OK to close the Local Area Connections dialog box. You can now close the various open windows and return to the desktop.

An alternative to manually entering information such as preferred DNS servers is to use DHCP in your domain. It can configure all the TCP/IP properties for your clients dynamically. See Hour 16 for more about DHCP.

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