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Adding the Print Services Role to a Server

As soon as you have installed a local printer (or a direct-connect printer, as discussed in the previous section) and shared the printer, you have, in effect, created a print server; all you need to do to make the printer available to other computers on the network is to share the printer. However, to effectively manage the print server and its associated printers (and have access to the Print Management snap-in), you must install the Print Services role on the server.

When you install the Print Services role, you are installing three services: Print Server, LPD Services, and the Internet Printing service. The Print Server service adds the Print Services role to the Server Manager and also installs the Print Management snap-in. The Print Server service also enables the File and Printer sharing exception in Windows Firewall with Advanced Security when a printer is shared. So, bottom line, it is a required service in terms of the Print Services role.

The LPD (Line Printer Daemon) Service provides the TCP/IP Print Server (LPDSVC) service (it installs and starts the service). This service allows computers (typically UNIX-based computers) using the Line Printer Remote (LPR) service to print to the shared printers on the server. This service does not require you to configure it and runs automatically after you install the Print Services role.

The Internet Printing service creates a web page for your print server (hosted by Internet Information Service; IIS is discussed in Hour 23, “Using the Internet Information Sercie”) that enables users to manage print jobs in a web browser. Users can also use a web browser to print to the print server if their client computer is outfitted with the Internet Printing client.

By the Way

Windows Vista clients can also be configured as print servers. This is an option for an office location where you don’t want to deploy a server or have only a few users that need to connect to the printer. This is also an option where you have a specialized printer (such as a color printer) that you want to make available to only certain users on the network. In Windows Vista the Print Services feature can be added via the Control Panel (by adding it as a Windows feature).

To install the Print Services role, follow these steps:

1. In the Initial Configuration Tasks window or the Server Manager (with the Roles node selected), select Add Roles. The Add Roles Wizard opens. Click Next to bypass the initial wizard page.

2. On the next page (see Figure 14.8). Select the Print Services check box. Then click Next.

Figure 14.8. Select the Print Services role.

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3. The next page provides an overview of the Print Services role and provides links to additional information related to Print Services. Click Next.

4. On the next page, the services related to the Print Services role are listed: Print Server, LPD Service, and Internet Printing. The Print Server role is required.

You can also select the LPD Service and Internet Printing if you expect to use these additional services. Click Next.

5. The Confirmation page opens. Click Install. The Print Services role is added to your server.

After the installation has completed, click Close. In the Server Manager (and the Initial Configuration Tasks window), the Print Services role is now listed.

When you expand the Roles node in the Server Manager, you can select the Print Services role. This enables you to quickly view any events related to Print Services and also view the system services associated with the role and the services that were installed when you added the Print Services role (see Figure 14.9).

Figure 14.9. In the Server Manager, you can view events, services, and installed services for the Print Services role.

[View full size image]

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