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Managing the File Server

After you have configured shares on the server, you can manage all the parameters related to shares by using the Share and Storage Management snap-in and the File Server Resource Manager. The Share and Storage Management snap-in enables you to configure new shares and volumes via the Provision Share Wizard and the Provision Storage Wizard respectively.

You can manage quotas, file screening, and storage reports via the File Server Resource Manager. Quotas, file screening, and reports each have a node and set of tools for creating and managing each aspect of managing shares.

The easiest way to access all these tools in a single window is to use the Server Manager. When the Share and Storage Management node and the File Server Resource Manager node are expanded in the Server Manager, you can access all the tools and wizards discussed in previous sections of this hour. Figure 12.14 shows these nodes expanded in the Server Manager.

Figure 12.14. The Server Manager and the various file services nodes.

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By the Way

The Server Manager also provides you with access to events related to your file services and enables you to view services that have been installed related to file services. Later in this hour, we will use the Add Role Services Wizard to add the Distributed File System to the file services already installed in this hour.

As you manage your file server, you may want to view current sessions and also view folders and files that are currently open (by user). The Share and Storage Management node enables you to open both current sessions and files.

For example, if you want to view the current sessions (meaning the current connections to shares on your server), you can click the Manage Sessions link in the Actions pane (when the Share and Storage Management node is selected). Figure 12.15 shows the Manage Sessions window with a session listed.

Figure 12.15. You view current sessions related to the shares on your server.

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Obviously, a file server being accessed by a number of users will have a large number of sessions listed. You can actually select sessions and close them or close all the sessions on a server. If you need to take a server down for maintenance or configuration changes, you need to notify users that the server will be taken down. You can then close any sessions that have inadvertently been left active by network users.

You can also list open files by user via the Share and Storage Management node. Click the Manage Open Files link in the Action pane. The Manage Open Files window opens. This window is used to disconnect users from a particular file connection if needed.

An aspect of share management not discussed until the next hour is the use of share and NTFS permissions to control share and file access. The Share and Storage Management node also provides access to the properties of each of your server’s shares and so you can change the various permissions related to each share.

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