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In this hour, you learned how to configure and manage a file server.

Files are made available to users in a share. You can create shares on a file server with the Share and Storage Management snap-in (or the Computer folder).

File servers can be managed in the Share and Storage Management snap-in. You can view the current shares on the server and also view user sessions and a list of open files. You can create and manage share and volume quotas, file screen, and storage reports on a file server by using the File Server Resource Manager.

To make shares accessible throughout the domain and domain tree, you publish a share (or shares) to the Active Directory Domain Services. This makes the share information part of the Global Catalog.

The Volume Shadow Copy Service creates point-in-time versions of files in a network share. Users can then recover previous versions of a file. Network clients must be configured with the Shadow Copy client. Windows Vista is configured with the client but other Windows desktop client versions such as XP and 2000 require that you download and install the client.

The Distributed File System provides a hierarchical, logical structure for arranging network shares. A DFS root provides the base container for the DFS tree, and other shares on the network are added to the DFS tree as DFS folders. DFS folders that point to multiple shares on the network (originating on servers running DFS) can be configured for replication, which replicates share contents with a replication group.

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